botany ch19

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Author:
codyrayh
ID:
120821
Filename:
botany ch19
Updated:
2011-12-04 21:56:21
Tags:
botany
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Description:
botany
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  1. hippocrates
    father of medicine
  2. dioscorides
    • de material medica
    • contained over 600 species of plants
    • used for 1500 years
  3. alkaloids
    • 3000 compounds from 4000 plants
    • bitter in taste
    • caffine, nicotine, cocaine
  4. glycosides
    • important as medications
    • cyanogenic glycosides release hcn (cyanide)
    • cardioactive glycosides and saponins are steroids
  5. digitalis pupurea
    • foxglove
    • treats heart conditions, decrease edema, increase kindney function
  6. salix sp.
    • aspirin
    • willow
  7. ephedra sp.
    • increases heart rate, blood flow
    • fda banned
  8. catharanthus roseus
    • madagascar periwinkle
    • used to treat leukemia
  9. taxus sp.
    • yew
    • taxol

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