Chinese Grammar Terms

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Author:
ndumas2
ID:
120860
Filename:
Chinese Grammar Terms
Updated:
2011-12-05 12:53:24
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LSU Integrated Chinese
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Description:
Grammar phrases for the first semester of lvl 3 of Chinese
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  1. 的时候
    De shíhou
  2. 以后
    Yǐhòu
  3. 就行了
    Jiùxíngle
  4. 好像
    • hǎoxiàng
    • adverb seem; like; as if
  5. 除了 以外, 还
    • Chúle yǐwài, hái
    • English equalivant to besides or in addtion to
    • 他除了学中文以外,还学法文。
    • subject 除了verb/noun/adj/adverb 以外, 还 verb/noun/adj/adverb
  6. 除了以外, 都
    • Chúle yǐwài, dōu
    • Exclusion
    • 除了小柯以外,我们班的同学都去中国。
    • subject 除了verb/noun/adj/adverb 以外,都 verb/noun/adj/adverb
  7. 再说
    • Zàishuō
    • more over
    • Claim support 再说 final support for claim
    • 你别走,天太晚了,再说我们要说的事还没说完呢。
  8. 有的 有的
    • Yǒu de yǒu de
    • some
    • 展出的作品,有的来自本土,有的来自海外。
  9. 觉得
    • Juéde
    • feel, think
    • 觉得应该亲自去一趟
    • I think I should go in person
  10. 不见得
    • Bùjiàn dé
    • Not necessarily
    • 住校内也不见得方便
  11. 比较
    • Bǐjiào
    • relatively, rather
    • 这把位子比较贵,你别买了。
  12. 那么
    • Nàme
    • connects two sentances. the second sentance denotes a conclusioin or judgement deriving from the preceding sentance.
  13. 恐怕
    • Kǒngpà
    • used to express the speaker's assesment of a situation or concern.
    • Structure: claim, problem 恐怕 negative result
    • 下雨了, 恐怕我们不能大球了
  14. 一般
    • Yībān
    • generally speaking
    • claim about something 一般 the genral claim about that smt
    • 我还听说学校餐厅的饭一般都不太好。
  15. 差不多
    • Chàbùduō
    • About; Roughly
    • subject adjetive 差不多more discreptive adjetive
    • 教室离这儿不远, 走路差不多五,六分钟。
  16. 听说
    • Tīng shuō
    • hear; hear of
    • 听说what was heard
    • 听说这公寓设备比较旧,厕所,也比较小。
  17. 原来
    • Yuánlái
    • has two meanings, 1 used upon the discovery of new information implying sudden realization, in this way it is used as an adverb. Structure is claim, 原来 realization claim.
    • 2 used as an adjetive before a noun meaning "in the past, before a change occured" it must be followed by 的 in this format. Structor: subject verb 原来的 past adjetive/verb, time peirod or new condition
  18. 极了
    • Jíle
    • to an extrem degree. Use at the end of the sentance or adjetive
  19. 又 又
    • Yòu yòu
    • 又adj./verb 又 adj./verb
  20. 特别是
    • Tèbié shì
    • especially
    • 特别是+Noun
    • use almost the same way as used in English. talk about something being good/bad(w/e) and then 特别是 another something then final claim about it all
    • Bìng
    • Not really
    • 并+Negative
    • 有一个美国记写文说中国.....
  21. 总的来说
    • Zǒng de lái shuō
    • generally speaking
    • subject 总的来说, claim about the subject
  22. 其买
    • Qí mǎi
    • Actually
    • 其买, claim
  23. 要不然
    • Yào bùrán
    • Otherwise
    • claim something about claim 要不然 new claim or present claim
  24. 无论 都
    • Wúlùn dōu
    • signifies that the result will remain the same under any condtion or circumstances. It must be used together with an indefinite interrogative pronoun or an alternative compound.
  25. 于是
    • Yúshì
    • This is a conjunction, it connects two clauses. The second clause usually denotes a new situation or action that is consequent on the situation or action mentioned in the first clause.
    • Zhēn
    • used to convey an affirmative, exlamatory tone of voice. It is used before adjetives and befroe verbs that express feeling, emotion or opinion
  26. 难道
    • Nándào
    • used in rhetorical questions. It lends force to the tone of voice
  27. 另外
    • Lìngwài
    • Besides.
    • Claim 另外 something else
  28. 什么的
    • Shénme de
    • used when listing things kind of like etc
  29. 非 不可
    • Fēi bùkě
    • insist on
    • in between 非 and 不可 is a verb or adverb in the sentance.

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