medical surgery

Card Set Information

Author:
sojialiu
ID:
120865
Filename:
medical surgery
Updated:
2011-12-05 01:06:08
Tags:
med surg
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Description:
acid base balance
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  1. what test is performed before collecting
    blood sample for blood gas?
    Allen’s Test
  2. caused by any condition that will lead to retention of CO2.
    • Respiratory
    • acidosis
  3. which position is more suitable for respiratory acidosis?
    semi-fowler’s position
  4. is caused by any condition that will cause over stimulation of respiratory system
    leading to hyperventilation
    Respiratory alkalosis
  5. a pt with repiratory alkalosis what is the eletrolyte state to watch out for
    Hypokalemia
  6. a pt wit respiratory alkalosis what are the 2 pharmacology treatment to slow dow respiration and for tetany?
    • calcium gluconate
    • Sedatives
  7. Is caused by any condition that will lead to
    accumulation of acid in the body
    • Metabolic
    • Acidosis
  8. what electroyte state should be monitored for during metabolic acidosis ?
    Hyperkalemia
  9. Any condition that will cause loss of acid in the body
    • Metabolic
    • Alkalosis
  10. a pt with metabolic alkalosis what electrolyte state should be monitored?
    Hypokalemia and hypocalcemia
  11. seizure precaution should be intiated during which state of a pt?
    • Metabolic Alkalosis
    • Metabolic Acidosis
  12. a pt with Respiratory disease that will cause obstruction or Diseases of the lungs that will prevent exchange of
    gas or Any condition that will cause depression of
    respiration will lead to which state
    • Respiratory
    • acidosis
  13. a pt wit Cardiac dysarhymthia – tachycardia which state should be monitored for
    • Metabolic Alkalosis
    • Respiratory acidosis
  14. a pt with CNS- depression such as mental dullness, drowsiness, stupor and coma. which state should be suspected
    • Metabolic Acidosis
    • Respiratory acidosis
  15. a pt with Diabetic mellitus, Renal insufficiency of failure or on a High fat diet which state should be monitored for
    Metabolic Acidosis
  16. a pt who start Twitching which state should be monitored for?
    • Metabolic Acidosis
    • Metabolic Alkalosis
  17. a pt complanin of tetany which state should be suspected
    Respiratory alkalosis
  18. a pt complanin of Numbness and tingling sensation in the extremities which state should be suspected
    Metabolic Alkalosis
  19. a pt is noticed to have Rapid and shallow respiration initially but as the body compensate will lead to deep respiration which state should be suspected
    Respiratory acidosis
  20. a pt on narcotic, tranquilizers, and hypnotic medication which state should they be avoided
    Respiratory acidosis
  21. a pt is noticed to have deep respiration then when body compensate will lead to rapid and shallow respiration which state should be suspected
    Respiratory alkalosis

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