Chapter 11

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Chapter 11
2010-03-26 21:04:06

Sex & Gender Key terms
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  1. Sex
    the biological and anatomical differences between females and males
  2. Primary Sex Characteristics
    the genitalia used in the reproductive process
  3. Secondary Sex Characteristics
    the physical traits (other than reproductive organs) identify an individual's sex
  4. Hermaphrodite
    a person in whom sexual differentiation is ambiguous or incomplete
  5. Transexual
    a person in whom the sex-related structures of the brain that define gender identity are opposite from the physical sex organs of the person's body
  6. Transvestite
    a male who lives as a woman or a female who lives as a man but does not alter the genitalia
  7. Sexual Orientation
    a person's preference for emotional-sexual relationships with:

    • members of the opposite sex (heterosexuality)
    • members of the same sex (homosexuality)
    • members of both sexes (bisexuality)
  8. Homophobia
    extreme prejudice directed at gays, lesbians, & others who are perceived as not being heterosexual
  9. Gender
    the culturally & socially constructed differences between females & males found in the meanings, beliefs, & practices associated with "femininity" & "masculinity"
  10. Gender Role
    the attutides, behavior, & activities that are socially defined as appropriate for each sex & are learned through the socialization process
  11. Gender Identity
    a person's perception of the self as female or male
  12. Body Consciousness
    a term that desrcibes how a person percieves & feels about his or her body
  13. Sexism
    the subordination of one sex, usually females, based on the assumed superiority of the other sex
  14. Partriarchy
    a heirarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, & economic structures are controlled by men
  15. Matriarchy
    a hierarchical system of social organization in which cultural, political, & economic structures are controlled by women
  16. Gender Bias
    behavior that shows favoritism toward one gender over the other
  17. Sexual Harassment
    unwanted sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature
  18. Wag
  19. Wage Gap
    a term used to describe the disparity between women's and men's earnings
  20. Comparable Worth (Pay Equity)
    the belief that wages ought to reflect the worth of a job, not the gender or race of the worker
  21. Feminism
    the belief that all people--both women and men--are equal & that they should be valued equally and have equal rights