Brain and Cranial Nerves

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Brain and Cranial Nerves
2011-12-05 13:39:40
Brain Cranial Nerves

Brain and Cranial Nerves
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  1. Each half of the cerebrum
  2. The "little" brain that coordinates voluntary muscle movements
  3. An individual subdivision of the cerebrum that regulates specific functions
  4. The portion of the brain that contains the thalamus and hypothalamus
  5. Connects the spinal cord with the brain
    Brain stem
  6. The largest part of the brain
  7. The weblike middle meningeal layer
  8. Venous channel between the two outermost meninges
    Dural sinus
  9. The innermost layer of the meninges, the delicate membrane in which there are many blood vessels
    Pia mater
  10. The area in which cerebrospinal fluid collects before its return to the blood
    Subarachnoid space
  11. The vascular network in a ventricle that forms cerebrospinal fluid
    Choroid plexus
  12. The projections in the dural sinuses through which CSF is returned to the blood
    Arachnoid villi
  13. The outermost layer of the meninges, which is the thickest and toughest
    Dura mater
  14. A shallow groove that separates the temporal lobe from the frontal and parietal lobes
    Lateral sulcus
  15. Masses of gray matter deep within the cerebrum that help regulate body movement and the muscles of facial expression
    Basal ganglia
  16. A band of white matter that carries impulses between the cerebrum and the brain stem
    Internal capsule
  17. An elevated portion of the cerebral cortex
  18. The thin layer of gray mater on the surface of the cerebrum
  19. A band of myelinated fibers that bridges the two cerebral hemispheres
    Corpus Callosum
  20. The neurotransmitter used by the basal nuclei nuerons
  21. The portion of the cerebral cortex where visual impulses from retina are interpreted
    Occipital lobe
  22. The portion of the cerebral cortex where auditory impulses are interpreted
    Temporal lobe
  23. Location of a sensory area for interpretation of pain, touch, and temperature
    Parietal lobe
  24. The lobe controlling voluntary muscles
    Frontal lobe
  25. The portion of the brainstem composed of myelinated nerve fibers that connect to the cerebellum
  26. The superior portion of the brainstem
  27. The part of the brain betwiin the pons and the spinal cord
    Medulla oblongata
  28. The region of the diencephalon that acts as a relay center for sensory stimuli
  29. The region consisting of portions of the cerebrum and diencephalon that is involved in emotional states and behavior
    Limbic system
  30. Nuclei that regulate the contraction of smooth muscle in blood vessel walls
    Vasomotor center
  31. The portion of the brain controlling the autonomic nervous system
  32. Technique that produces a picture of brain activity levels in different parts of the brain
  33. Technique that measures electric currents in the brain
  34. X-ray technique that provides photos of bone, cavities, and lesions
  35. Technique used to visualize soft tissue, such as scar tissue, hemorrhages, and tumors that does not use x-rays
  36. A motor nerve controlling the trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, and larynx muscles
    Accessory nerve
  37. The nerve that controls contraction of a single eye muscle
  38. The nerve that carries visual impulses from the eye to the brain
    Optic nerve
  39. The most important sensory nerve of the face and head
    Trigeminal nerve
  40. The nerve that supplies most of the organs in the thoracic and abdominal cavities
    Vegas nerve
  41. The nerve that supplies the muscles of facial expression
    Facial nerve
  42. The nerve that carries sensory impulses for hearing and equilibrium
    Vestibulocochlear nerve
  43. A brain tumor derived from neuroglia
  44. A chronic brain disorder that usually can be diagnosed by EEG
  45. Damage to brain tissue caused by a blood clot, ruptured vessel, or embolism
    CVA - stroke
  46. Loss of the power of expression by speech or writing
  47. A degenerative brain disorder associated with the development of amyloid
    Alzheimer disease
  48. A condition that may result from obstruction of the normal flow of CSF
  49. Bleeding between the dura mater and the skull
    Epidural hematoma
  50. The general term for inflammation of the brain
  51. The shallow groove lying between the frontal and parietal lobe is the:
    A. Lateral sulcus
    B. Longitudinal fissure
    C. Basal nuclei
    D. Central sulcus
    D. Central sulcus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. The dura mater is:
    A. the innermost lahyer of the meninges
    B. the outermost layer of the meninges
    C. the network of vessels that produces csf
    D. the part of the brain that connects with the spinal cord
    B. the outermost layer of the meninges
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. Impulses for the sense of taste travel to the:
    A. occipital lobe
    B. hippocampus
    C. parietal lobe
    D. temporal lobe
    C. parietal lobe
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. The cerebrospinal fluid is formed in the:
    A. cerebral aqueduct
    B. central sulcus
    C. choroid plexus
    D. internal capsule
    C. choroid plexus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. The abducens nerve supplies the:
    A. face and salivary gland
    B. eye
    C. ear and pharynx
    D. tongue and pahrynx
    B. eye
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Multi-infarct dementia is the result of:
    A. ischemia (lack of blood supply)
    B. infection of the brain coverings
    C. accumulation of an abnormal protein
    D. obstruction of the flow of CSF
    A. ischemia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. The reticular formation is:
    A. the part of the temporal lobe concerned with the sense of smell
    B. a region of the limbic system that controls wakefulness and sleep
    C. a deep groove that divides the cerebral hemispheres
    D. the fifth lobe of the cerebrum
    B. a. a region of the limbic system that controls wakefulness and sleep
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. - Compact band of myelinated fibers
    - Made up of vertical fibers
    - Carries impulses between the cerebral hemisphere and the brain stem
    Internal capsule
  59. - Involved in emotional states and behavior
    - Borders between the cerebrum and the diencephalon
    - Links the conscious functions of the cerebral cortex and the autonomic functions of the brain stem
    Limbic system
  60. - A connecting link between the cerebellum and thes rest of the nervouse system
    - Regulating respiration is a reflex action that is integrated in this
  61. Olfactory nerve
    I - smell
  62. Optic nerve
    II - eye to brain
  63. Oculomotor nerve
    III - contraction of eye muscles
  64. Trochlear nerve
    IV - one eyeball muscle
  65. Trigeminal nerve
    V - sensory nerve of face and hand
  66. Abducens nerve
    VI - one eyeball muscle
  67. Facial nerve
    VII - muscles of facial expression
  68. Vestibulocochlear nerve
    VIII - Hearing and equilibrium
  69. Glossopharyngeal nerve
    IX - tongue, salivary gland, throat, and swallowing
  70. Vagus nerve
    X - thoracic and abdominal organs, larynx, pharynx
  71. Accessory nerve
    XI - muscles of the neck and the larynx
  72. Hypoglossal nerve
    XII - muscles of the tongue
  73. What are the main divisions of the brain?
    • Cerebrum
    • Diencepahlon
    • Brain stem
    • Cerebellum
  74. The meninges are protective membranes around the brain and spinal cord. What are the names of the three layers from the outer most to the innermost.
    • Dura mater
    • Arachnoid
    • Pia mater
  75. What are the four surface lobes of each cerebral hemisphere
    • Frontal
    • Parietal
    • Temporal
    • Occitital
  76. Higher functions of the brain occur in a thin layer of gray matter on the surface of thecerebral hemispheres. What is the name of this outer layer of gray matter
    Cerebral cortex
  77. What are the 3 subdivisions of the brain stem
    • Midbrain
    • Pons
    • Medulla oblongata
  78. What are the functions of the cerebellum
    • - Aids in coordination of voluntary muscles
    • - Maintenance of balance, and maintenance of muscle tone
  79. What type of cells are commonly involved in brain tumors