Sociology Final

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Sociology Final
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2011-12-05 21:56:24
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Sociology
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  1. The way in which people respond to one another?
    Social Interaction
  2. Assigned to a person by society without regard for the person's unique talents or characteristics?
    Ascribed Status
  3. Attainted by a person largely through his or her own effort?
    Achieved Status
  4. Status that dominates others and thereby determines a person's general postition within society?
    Master Status
  5. People with similar norms, values, and expectations who regularly and consciously interact?
    Group
  6. Characterized by intimate, face-to-face association and cooperation?
    Primary Group
  7. The totality of learned, socially transmitted customs, knowledge, material objects, and behavior?
    Culture
  8. An abstract system of word meanings and symbols for all aspects of culture?
    Language
  9. Rules governing specific behavior?
    Norms
  10. Norms that are deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society?
    Mores
  11. Children shape and form their attitudes, beliefs, and behavior, based on cultural messages they receive from?
    Parents, siblings, mass media, religion, and educational programs
  12. The systematic study of human society?
    Sociology
  13. A research method in which investigators systematically observe people while joining them in their routine activities?
    Participan Observation
  14. Refers to going alone with one's peers who have no special right to direct a person's behavior?
    Conformity
  15. True or False?
    Sexual orientation is the same as gender identity.
    False
  16. True or False?
    The Amish could be considered a counter culture.
    True
  17. True or False?
    Everyone buying the same notebooks for class from Walmart is an example of bereaucratic alientation.
    False
  18. True or False?
    Rape breaks a more.
    True
  19. True or False?
    The tv show Family Guy is an example of high culture.
    False
  20. Rules on how to behave that people do not pay much attention to?
    Folkways
  21. Going alone with an idea in a group because the other group members go alone with it. Leads to narrow views?
    Groupthink
  22. A conflict amoung the roles corresponding to two or more statuses?
    Role Conflict
  23. Two aspects of a bureaucracy?
    Writing and job specialization
  24. Agents of socialization?
    School, family, peers, and mass media.
  25. The new term for the Third world or non-industrial poor countries?
    Low income
  26. People lack resources that others take for granted?
    Relative Poverty
  27. A life-threatening lack of resources?
    Absolute Poverty
  28. Patterns of social inequaity in the world as a whole?
    Stratification
  29. The process by which some nations enrich themselves through political and econmomic control of other nations?
    Colonialism
  30. A crime committed by people of high social position in the course of their occupation?
    Whilte Collar Crime
  31. Negative evaluation because of a perceptible sign that distinguishes a person as deviant?
    Stigmatization
  32. Behavior which is disapproved of by most people n society and which does not conform to societies norms and values?
    Deviance
  33. The unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and woman?
    Gender Stratificiation
  34. The advocacy of social equality for men and women, in opposition to patriarchy and sexism?
    Feminism
  35. Personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female and male?
    Gender
  36. A form of socialization in which males dominate females?
    Patriarchy
  37. A form of social organization in which females dominate males?
    Matriarchy
  38. Comments, gestures, or physical contact of a sxual nature that are deliberate, repeated, and unwelcome?
    Sexual Harassment
  39. True or False?
    Modernization theory is a model of econmoic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of technological and cultural differences between nations.
    True
  40. True or False?
    Attempts by society to regulate people's thoughts and behavior are called stigmatization.
    False
  41. True or False?
    Basic feminist ideas include expanding human choice.
    True
  42. True or False?
    The movement of individuals or groups from one position of society's stratification system to another is called social distribution.
    False
  43. True or False?
    Intergenerational mobility refers to change in social position within an individual's life time.
    False
  44. True or False?
    Most poor people in the U.S. are really in absolute poverty.
    False
  45. True or False?
    Neocolonialism refers to exploitation that took place in the past.
    False
  46. True or False?
    Liberal feminism seeks the elimination of gender itself.
    False
  47. True or False?
    The victims of human trafficking are used for prostitution and forces labor.
    True
  48. Three types of slavery found in today's world?
    Chattle slavery, child slavery, and women being forced into marriage.
  49. A type of religious organization that stands apart from the larger society?
    A sect
  50. The belief that elements of the natural world are conscious life forms that affect humanity?
    Animism
  51. Marriage that unite a person with two or more spouses?
    Polygamy
  52. A family consisting of parents and children as well as other kin?
    Extended Family
  53. A soical bond based on common anceestry, marriage, or adoption?
    Kinship
  54. The text states that industrialization changed the econmy in all of the follwing ways except:
    Manufacturing and mass production
    Wage Labor
    Centralization of work in factories
    New sources of labor
    New sources of labor
  55. An ideal capitalist economy has three distinctive features which include all of the following except
    Pursuit of monopolies
    Competition and consumer choice
    Private ownerhip of property
    Pursuit of personal profit
    Pursuit of monopolies
  56. An economic and political system in which companies are privately owned but cooperate closely with the government?
    State capitalism
  57. An economic system in which natural resources and the mans of producing goods and service are collectively owned?
    Capitalism
  58. Giant corporations composed of many smaller corporations?
    Conglomerates
  59. Power that is legitimized by respect for long established cultural patterns?
    Traditional authority
  60. A political system that denies the people participation in government?
    Authoritarianism
  61. A productive system based on service work and high technology?
    Post Industrial
  62. All the folling are part of the movement toward a global economy except
    Global division of labor
    Products pass through many nations
    National governments no longer control the econmoic activity within their borders
    Many differing companies control a vast share of the world's wealth
    Many differing companies control a vast share of the world's wealth
  63. Minorities have two important characterisitics. They share a distinct identiy and:
    They are subordinate
  64. All of the follwoing are theories of prejudice except:
    Authoritarian personality theory
    Culture theory
    Conflict theory
    Socialization theory
    Culture theory
  65. A socially constructed category composed of people who hare biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important?
    Race
  66. A shared cultural heritage?
    Ethnicity
  67. A rigid and unfair generalization about an entire category of people?
    Prejudice
  68. An exaggerated description applied to every person i some category?
    Stereotype
  69. True or False?
    The sharing of a household by an unmarried couple is called homogamy?
    False
  70. True or False?
    We define most objects, events, and experiences as sacred, an ordinary element of everyday life
    False
  71. True or False?
    The part of the economy that involves services rahter than goods is the primary sector
    False
  72. True or False?
    Bilogical reproduction by partners of different racial categories is called miscegenation.
    True
  73. True or False?
    A state in which people of all races and ethnicites are distinct but have equal social standing is assimilation.
    True
  74. What are the two different types of plural marriage?
    Polgny and Polyandry
  75. the most common type of family and locality in the present day U.S?
    Nuclear family and nelocality
  76. Which of the following is a latent function of schooling?
    Teaching basic literacy
    Teaching about the U.S. way of life
    Providing child care
    Teaching job skills
    Providing child care
  77. The practice of including people with disabilities in regular educational classes and programs is called?
    Inclusion
  78. Social epidemilogy is the study of?
    The distribution of health and illness in a population
  79. The 2010 health care reform bill passed by Congress...?
    Requires all families to purchase medical insurance, regulated by the government, by 2014
  80. Which of the follwoing is not one of the ways that large bureaucratic schools undermine education?
    Rigid uniformity
    Specialization
    A lot of student responsibility
    Rigid expectations
    A lot of student responsibility
  81. A state of complete physcial, mental, and social well being?
    Health
  82. An approach to health care that emphasizes prevention of illness and takes into account a person's entire physical and social environment?
    Holistic medicine
  83. A medical care system in which the government owns and operates most medical facilities and emloys most physicians?
    Socialized medicine
  84. Patterns of behavior defined as appropriate for people who are ill?
    Sick role
  85. All of the floowing are the functions of schooling except:
    Socialization
    Cultural innovation
    Social intergration
    Assurance of social equality
    Assurance of social equality
  86. When people move into an area?
    Immigration
  87. Business centers some distance from the old downtowns?
    Edge Cities
  88. Which of the following is not one of the sources of social change?
    Invention
    Discovery
    Modernity
    Diffusion
    Modernity
  89. A society in which prosperity and bureaucracy have weakened traditonal social ties?
    Modern Society
  90. A capitalist society with pronounced social stratification?
    Class Society
  91. The incidence of childbearing in a society's population?
    Fertility
  92. Level of reproduction that maintains population in a steady state?
    Zero population growth
  93. The process of social change begun by industrialization?
    Modernization
  94. The concentration of population into cities?
    Urbanization
  95. True or False?
    The role of government in paying for medical care is greater in the U.S. than in all other high income nations
    False
  96. True or False?
    The U.S. health care system may be accurately described as socialized medicine?
    False
  97. True or False?
    Schooling in all countries relects cultural values.
    True
  98. True or False?
    One latent function of schooling is establishing social relationships and networks
    True
  99. True or False?
    The crude death rate is a good measure of a society's overall fertility
    False
  100. Two funcitons of schooling?
    To get job skills and learn basic things
  101. Name the three things that happen to chance culture?
    Invention, Discovery, and Diffusion

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