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  1. Prevention of child maltreatment
    • intervention rather than prevvention focused
    • limited pool of resources
    • diffivult to identify and recruit participation from target families
  2. Theories of child maltreatment
    • psychodynamic
    • learning
    • environmental
    • ecological
  3. psychonynamic theory of child maltreatment prevention
    parents need to understand parental roles
  4. learning theory of child maltreatment prevention
    parents need more education
  5. environmental theory of child maltreatment prevention
    parents need more resources
  6. Ecological theory of child maltreatment prevention
    parents need network of services
  7. prevention (an epidemiological framework)
    • primary: targets general population
    • Secondary: targets people who are at risk
    • Tertiary: targets people who are in need of help, for example, to prevent relapse; "fuzzy" boundary between tertiary prevention and intervention
  8. Primary prevention programs
    • Public education and awareness:
    • -public service announcements
    • -parental education
    • -child sexual abuse
    • **tends to provide education to children....."stranger danger"
    • **darkness to light- stewards of children
  9. Secondary prevention programs
    • Parent education services:
    • --group and center based interventions
    • --home visitation
    • --neglect focused programs
  10. group and center based prevention
    • parent training
    • share experiences and provise support
  11. home visitation
    • service delivery
  12. In oder for prevention efforts to be successful we need:
    • a shift in mindset
    • to reach families who dont know that they need help
    • to take a comprehensive approach to at-risk families
    • to normalize participation in prevention-oriented programs so that they are less stigmatizing
  13. Interviewing children
    • forensic interview
    • eyewitness testimony
    • --in and out of court
    • --uncorroborated evidence
    • --competency requirement
    • memory and suggestibility
    • --child's age
    • --recall vs. recognition
    • --open ended vs. forced choice questions
    • trauma and memory
    • --peripheral vs. salient info.
    • --peri-traumatic dissociation
  14. Why are kids particularly susceptible to suggestions?
    • Difficulty with non-cued narratives
    • Deference to adults:
    • --how do adults come to know things?
    • --Negative stereotype- "hes a bad man"
    • --Implied response-"which one of these men touched you?"
    • Poor source monitoring
    • Operant conditioning
  15. Sexual abuse investigation
    • "children never lie"
    • "if they have the details, itmust have happened"
    • Contagion
    • Anatomically detailed dolls
    • --dual representation
  16. 16th century england
    elizabethan poor laws
  17. 1874
    mary ellen
  18. 1899
    illinois jevenile court
  19. 1962
    battered child syndrome
  20. 1980
    adoption assistence and child welfare act
  21. 1997
    adoption and safe families act
  22. child protection and government
    • Federal government: spending power
    • State government:
    • --police power
    • --parens patriae
    • --ligislation through state agencies
    • --appellate courts
  23. Court system:
    Adversarial vs. inquisitorial system
    • cross examination
    • may make children appear incompetent and/or unsure of information in court
    • courtroom preparation for children
  24. Types of courts
    • juvenile (family) court
    • domestic relations court
    • criminal court
    • civil court
  25. Juvenile (family) court
    • dependency and delinquency cases
    • judge no jury
    • rehabilitation, rather than retribution
    • best interest of child
    • family preservation and reunification
  26. Domestic relations court
    • divorce, child custody, child support cases
    • decisions generally made by parents, through mediation
    • best interest of child (child likely doesnt have representation)
    • little court oversight, parents are responsible for filing complaint
  27. Criminal court
    • majority of child maltreatment cases never make it this far
    • --based on law enforcement investigation
    • --only severe cases
    • therapeutic jurisprudence
  28. Civil court
    • statute of limitations
    • damages/reparations
    • limited defendant protection
    • class action suits
  29. standards of proof
    • beyond a reasonable doubt
    • preponderance of the evidence
    • clear and convincing evidence
  30. beyond a reasonable doubt
    • delinquency cases/juvenile court
    • criminal court
  31. Preponderence of the evidence
    custody cases/domestic relations and civil court
  32. Clear and convincing evidence
    dependency cases/juvenile court
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