Chapter 10

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  1. agonist substitution
    Replacement of a drug on which a person is dependent with one that has a similar chemical makeup, an agonist. Used as a treatment for substance dependence.
  2. alochol use disorder
    Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problem associated with alcohol use.
  3. amphetamine use disorder
    Psychological, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with amphetamine use.
  4. antagonist drug
    Medication that blocks or counteracts the effects of a psychoactive drug.
  5. barbituate
    Sedative (and addictive) drug such as Amytal, Seconal, or Nembutal that is used as a sleep aid.
  6. benzodiazepine
    Antianxiety drug such as Valium, Xanax, Dalmane, or Halcion also used to treat insomnia. Effective against anxiety (and, at high potency, panic disorder), benzodiazepines show some side effects, such as some cognitive and motor impairment, and may result in substance dependence Relapse rates are extremely high when such a drug is discontinued.
  7. caffeine use disorder
    Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of caffeine.
  8. cocaine use disorder
    Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of cocaine.
  9. controlled drinking
    Extremely controversial treatment approach to alcohol dependence, in which severe abusers are taught to drink in moderation.
  10. depressant
    Psychoactive substance that results in behavioral sedation; such substances include alcohol and the sedative, hypnotic, and anxiolytic drugs.
  11. fetal alcohol syndrome
    Pattern of problems, including learning difficulties, behavior deficits, and characteristic physical flaws, resulting from heavy drinking by the victim’s mother when she was pregnant with the victim.
  12. hallucinogen
    Any psychoactive substance, such as LSD or marijuana, that can produce delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, and altered sensory perception
  13. hallucinogen use disorder
    Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of hallucinogenic substances.
  14. impusle control disorder
    Disorder in which a person acts on an irresistible, but potentially harmful, impulse.
  15. intermittent explosive disorder
    Episodes during which a person acts on aggressive impulses that result in serious assaults or destruction of property.
  16. kleptomania
    Recurrent failure to resist urges to steal things not needed for personal use or their monetary value
  17. LSD
    Most common hallucinogenic drug; a synthetic version of the grain fungus ergot.
  18. marijuana
    Dried part of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa); a hallucinogen that is the most widely used drug
  19. nicotine use disorder
    Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of nicotine.
  20. opiate
    Addictive psychoactive substance such as heroin, opium, or morphine that causes temporary euphoria and analgesia (pain reduction).
  21. opioid disorder
    Cognitive, biological, behavioral, and social problems associated with the use and abuse of opiates and their synthetic variants.
  22. pathological gambling
    Persistent and recurrent maladaptive gambling behavior
  23. polysubstance abuse
    Use of multiple mindand behavior-altering substances, such as drugs.
  24. psychoactive substance
    Substance, such as a drug, that alters mood or behavior.
  25. pyromania
    Impulse-control disorder that involves having an irresistible urge to set fires.
  26. relapse prevention
    Extending therapeutic progress by teaching the client how to cope with future troubling situations.
  27. stimulant
    Psychoactive substance that elevates mood, activity, and alertness; such substances include amphetamines, caffeine, cocaine, and nicotine.
  28. substance abuse
    Pattern of psychoactive substance use leading to significant distress or impairment in social and occupational roles and in hazardous situations.
  29. substance dependence
    Maladaptive pattern of substance use characterized by the need for increased amounts to achieve the desired effect, negative physical effects when the substance is withdrawn, unsuccessful efforts to control its use, and substantial effort expended to seek it or recover from its effects. Also known as addiction.
  30. substance intoxication
    Physiological reaction, such as impaired judgment and motor ability, as well as mood change, resulting from the ingestion of a psychoactive substance.
  31. substance-related disorder
    One of a range of problems associated with the use and abuse of drugs such as alcohol, cocaine, heroin, and other substances people use to alter the way they think, feel, and behave. These are extremely costly in human and fi nancial terms.
  32. toelrance
    Need for increased amounts of a substance to achieve the desired effect, and a diminished effect with continued use of the same amount.
  33. trichotollomania
    People’s urge to pull out their own hair from anywhere on the body, including the scalp, eyes.
  34. withdrawal
    Severely negative physiological reaction to removal of a psychoactive substance, which can be alleviated by the same or a similar substance.
  35. withdrawal delirium
    Frightening hallucinations and body tremors that result when a heavy drinker withdraws from alcohol. Also known as delirium tremens (DT).
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Chapter 10
2011-12-05 22:35:06

chapter 10 final exam
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