Chapter 18

Card Set Information

Author:
lisa0615
ID:
121040
Filename:
Chapter 18
Updated:
2011-12-05 20:04:38
Tags:
Chapter 18 Vocabular
Folders:

Description:
Chapter 18 Vocabulary
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user lisa0615 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. another term for an antagonist drug, because antagonists block the action of neurotransmitters
    blocker
  2. the state of equilibrium
    homeostasis
  3. another term for an agonist, because agonists imitate or "mimic" the action of the neurotransmitter
    mimetic
  4. substances that carry the impulses from one neuron to another
    neurotransmitter
  5. a state in which pain is not felt even though a painful condition exists
    analgesia
  6. reduces fever
    anti-pyretic
  7. the stage of anesthesia in which surgery can be safely conducted
    surgical anesthesia
  8. an overdose of anesthesia that paralyzes the respiratory and heart centers of the medulla, leading to death
    medullary paralysis
  9. drugs that destroy worms
    anthelmintics
  10. bacteria killing
    bactericidal
  11. bacteria inhibiting
    bacteriostatic
  12. an antiviral used for HIV and Hepatitis C that blocks the enzyme responsible for viral replication
    protease inhibitor
  13. a type of white blook cell that releases antibodies that destroy disease cells
    lymphocyte
  14. when cancer cells spread beyond their original site
    metastasis
  15. a new and abnormal tissue growth, often referring to cancer cells
    neoplasm
  16. a state in which cancer cells are inactive
    remission
  17. an abnormal hearth rhythm
    arrhythmia
  18. a graph of the heart's rhythms
    electrocardiogram
  19. the contraction and relaxion of the heart that pumps blood through the cardiovascular system
    cardiac cycle
  20. heart muscle
    myocardium
  21. a blood clot
    thrombus
  22. a clot that has traveled in the bloodstream to a point where it obstructs flow
    embolism, embolus
  23. the maximum blood pressure when the heart contracts; the first number in a blood pressure reading
    systolic pressure
  24. the minimum blood pressure when the heart relaxes; the second number in a blood pressure reading
    diastolic pressure
  25. a product used to treat a skin condition
    dermatological
  26. the skin
    integumentary system
  27. when a compound breaks down and separates into smaller components
    dissociation
  28. a substance that in solution forms ions that conduct an electrical current
    electrolytes
  29. the fluid outside the body's individual cells found in plasma and tissue fluid
    extracellular fluid
  30. tissue fluid
    interstitial fluid
  31. cell fluid
    intracellular fluid
  32. electrically charged particles
    ions
  33. negatively charged particles
    anions
  34. positively charged particles
    cations
  35. the semi-liquid form of food as it enters the intestinal tract
    chyme
  36. the wave-like motion of the intestines that moves food through them
    peristalsis
  37. factors in the blood coagulation process
    clotting factors
  38. Factor I
    fibrinogen
  39. a decrease in hemoglobin or red blood cells
    anemia
  40. drugs used to treat anemia
    hematopoietics
  41. drugs that prevent excessive bleeding
    hemostatic drugs
  42. drugs used for minor bleeding when sutures are not appropriate
    topical hemostatics
  43. the system of hormone secreting glands
    endocrine system
  44. a chemical secretion that influences or controls an organ or organs in the body
    hormone
  45. overproduction of thyroid hormone
    hyperthyroidism
  46. underproduction of thyroid hormone
    hypothyroidism
  47. hormonal steriod substances produced by the cortex of the adrenal gland
    corticosteroid
  48. a hormone that controls the body's use of glucose
    insulin
  49. a hormone that helps convert amino acids to glucose
    glucagon
  50. a condition in which the body does not produce enough insulin or is unable to use it efficiently
    diabetes mellitus
  51. blood sugar
    serum glucose
  52. specialized cells of the pancreas that secrete insulin
    Islands of Langerhans
  53. male sex characteristics hormones
    androgens
  54. female sex characteristics hormones that are involved in calcium and phosporus concervation
    estrogens
  55. female sex characteristic hormones that are involved in ovulation prevention
    progestins
  56. the primary androgen
    testosterone
  57. a painful inflammatory condition in which excess uric acid accumulates in the joints
    gout
  58. a chronic and often progressive inflammatory condition with symtoms that include swelling, feelings of warmth, and joint pain
    rheumatoid arthritis
  59. a disorder characterized by weight-bearing bone deterioration, decreasing range of motion , pain, and deformity
    osteoarthritis
  60. drugs used to treat gout that increase the elimination of uric acid
    uricosuric drugs
  61. disorders characterized by abnormally high pressure within the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision
    glaucoma
  62. inside the eye
    intraocular
  63. inflammation of the conjunctiva (eyelid lining)
    conjunctivitis
  64. drugs that dilate the pupil
    mydriatics

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview