Biology 203

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Brandon47
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121101
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Biology 203
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2011-12-05 21:57:31
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Final test
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Final test
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  1. 1. The wings and legs of insects (hexapods) are attached to:
    THORAX
  2. 1. The process of shedding the exoskeleton is termed:
    ECDYSIS
  3. 1. Bees are members of the order:
    Hymenoptera
  4. 1. Respiratory trees are:
    • FOUND ONLY IN SEA CUCUMBERS (used for gas
    • exchange)
  5. 1. Locomotory structures of the class Echinoidea are termed:
    PODIA
  6. 1. The common dragonfly is in the order:
    ODONATA
  7. 1. Butterflies are in the order:
    LEPIDOPTERA
  8. 1. The locomotory structures of the class Ophuroidea are
    termed:
    PODIA
  9. 1. Pill bugs and barnacles are in the subphylum:
    • CRUSTACEAE – also in
    • subphylum: shrimp, crabs, and water fleas
  10. The respiratory structures of insects are:
    TRACHEA
  11. Moths are members of the order:
    LEPIDOPTERA
  12. The common house fly is in the order:
    DIPTERA
  13. Which type of circulatory system is found in
    spiders?
    • OPEN CIRCULATORY
    • SYSTEM
  14. Jawless fishes are found in the class:
    AGNATHA
  15. In some arthropods, there has been a fusion
    (combination) of the head and thorax
    known as the:
    CEPHALOTHORAX
  16. Sand dollars are in the class:
    • ECHINODEA – also in
    • class: sea urchins
  17. he starfish are a member of the class:
    ASTEROIDEA
  18. Probably the most ancient group of arthropods
    are:
    TRILOBITES/TRILOBITOMORPHA (also known as living fossils)
  19. The common turtle is found in the class:
    REPTILLIA
  20. Which are members of the Chelicerata
    (Cheliceriformes)?
    • HORSESHOE CRABS (also arachnids, sea spiders, and giant water
    • scorpions)
  21. Which have whole limb mandibles (jaws)?
    CENTIPEDES
  22. The endoskeleton elements of the Echinodermata
    are called:
    OSSICLES
  23. The strange projections that are ejected out of
    the anus of some species of sea
    cucumbers for defense are called:
    CUVERIAN TUBULES
  24. An order of insects that has primarily eusocial
    species is the:
    ISOPTERA – termites
  25. Spiders whose bite is poisonous to humans
    include the black widow and the:
    BROWN RECLUSE
  26. Crustaceans include all of the following except:
    HORSESHOE CRABS
  27. In holometabolus development:
    • THE LARVAL FORM LOOKS
    • QUITE DIFFERENT FROM THE ADULT
  28. The insect’s organs of smell are located mainly
    on the:
    ANTENNAE
  29. Scales are primarily feature of the class:
    REPTILIA
  30. Wasps are members of the order:
    HYMENOPTERA
  31. Hermit Crabs are in the phylum:
    ARTHROPODA
  32. Amphibians are not completely free to live on
    dry land because:
    • THEIR REPRODUCTION
    • DEPENDS ON WATER.
  33. Crinoids (sea lilies and feather stars) are:
    FILTER FEEDERS
  34. Sea stars (starfish) commonly feed on:
    Clams (bihalves)
  35. Dragonflies are members of the order:
    ODONATA
  36. Brittle stars (or basket stars) are in the class:
    OPHUROIDEA
  37. All of the following are part of the water
    vascular system except:
    • AMBULACRAL
    • GROOVE (included are the radial canal, madreporite,
    • podia, and stone canal)
  38. The dermal structures that “defend” the starfish
    or sea urchins from settling organisms
    are called:
    PEDICELLARIA
  39. The termite is a member of the order:
    ISOPTERA
  40. The anterior region (tagma) of a spider’s body
    is termed the:
    PROSOMA (head)
  41. The group of Echinoderms that is capable of
    inserting its stomach into a bivalve
    shell for digestion is the:
    ASTEROIDEA
  42. The most primitive class of the Phylum
    Echinodermata is:
    CRINOID
  43. The only
    phylum that lacks parasitic forms that we studied this semester is the:
    ECHINODERMATA
  44. Stone Crabs are in the phylum:
    ARTHROPODA
  45. Fiddler crabs are in the subphylum:
    CRUSTACEA
  46. Trilobite larva belongs to:
    MEROSTOMATA
  47. Lampreys are members of the group:
    AGNATHA
  48. . All of
    the following features are characteristics of the Subphylum vertebrata except:
    • NEPHRIDIA (chambered heart, large liver,
    • endocrine/exocrine glands, brain case)
  49. The most primitive group of vertebrates are the:
    AGNATHA
  50. The retention of larval features into the adult
    organism is termed:
    NEOTENY
  51. The surface in a sea urchin in which the anus
    appears is called the:
    ABORAL SURFACE
  52. The class of Echinoderms that has a respiratory
    tree are the:
    HOLOTHUROIDEA
  53. Oxygen diffuses to the tissues of terrestrial
    arthropods through:
    TRACHEA
  54. Salamanders are
    members of the:
    AMPHIBIA
  55. All members of the arthropods are:
    COELOMATE (=EUCOELOMATE)
  56. Grasshoppers are
    members of the:
    ORTHOPTERA
  57. Spiders always have:
    8 LEGS
  58. A unique
    characteristic of Echinoderms is:
    WATER VASCULAR SYSTEM
  59. The sea urchin is a member of the class:
    ECHINOIDEA
  60. Scorpions are in the class:
    ARACHNIDA
  61. Sea turtles are
    members of the:
    REPTILIA
  62. Ants are in the
    order:
    HYMENOPTERA
  63. The beetles are in the order:
    COLEOPTERA
  64. The posterior region (tagma) of the spider’s
    body is termed the:
    OPISOTHOMA (abdomen)
  65. A species of poisonous animal is best protected
    if it is:
    BRIGHTLY COLORED
  66. The chitons belong to the:
    POLYPLACOPHORA
  67. Which o the following groups have an open
    circulatory system and an exoskeleton
    of chitin?
    ARTHROPODS
  68. Chelicerate arthropods possess:
    PEDIPALPS (used to hold and crush prey)
  69. The following successive changes describe the
    life cycle of an insect with holometabulous
    metamorphosis:
    EGG, LARVA, PUPA, ADULT
  70. Parthenogenesis:
    • THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN
    • EGG WITHOUT THE ENTRANCE OF THE SPERM
  71. Of the following
    groups, which has not developed terrestrial life forms?
    ECHINODERMATA
  72. Echinoids commonly feed on:
    BROWN AND RED ALGAE
  73. The larval form
    characteristic of many of the molluscan forms is the:
    TROCHOPHORE
  74. The madreporite connects directly to the:
    STONE CANAL
  75. The class of the phylum Echinodermata that has
    the most reduced podia is the:
    HOLOTHUROIDEA
  76. Detorsion is commonly seen in the:
    GASTROPODS
  77. Animals with bilateral symmetry:
    ARE BETTER ADAPTED FOR FORWARD MOVEMENT RATHER THAN RADIALLY SYMMETRICAL ANIMALS
  78. The millipedes:
    BEAR TWO PAIRS OF LEGS ON MOST BODY SOMITES
  79. The most successful animals on Earth are:
    INSECTS
  80. A “living fossil” is:
    AN ANIMAL THAT HAS CHANGED VERY LITTLE OVER A LONG

    • PERIOD OF
    • TIME
  81. . Lyme disease is a bacterial disease carried
    by:
    TICKS
  82. The gills of bivalves are termed:
    CTENIDIA
  83. The cuttlefish “bone” that is given to birds for
    their beaks is a product of:
    CEPHALOPODS
  84. The common catfish is
    a member of the class:
    OSTEICHTHYES
  85. Organisms that retain larval characteristics in
    the adult stage are called:
    NEOTEN
  86. The cephalochordates are commonly referred to
    as:
    LANCETS
  87. Which animals are
    characterized by hermaphroditism:
    ANNELIDS
  88. Cicadas are members of the order:
    HOMOPTERA
  89. The term given to the
    gastropod shell that opens to the right:
    DEXTRAL
  90. The regions of the body in those animals with an
    open circulatory system that
    bathe the tissues directly are called:
    SINUSES
  91. The trilobite is in the subphylum:
    CHELICERATA
  92. . In
    terms of numbers of species and body plans, the most diverse phylum of animals on Earth is the:
    ARTHROPODA
  93. Which of the following animals have jointed
    limbs?
    ARTHROPODS
  94. Which of the following animals have biramous
    appendages?
    CRUSTACEA
  95. Which of the following animals do NOT have
    sessile adults?
    TUNICATES
  96. In insects, gas exchange is achieved by means
    of:
    • SPIRACLES AND
    • TRACHEAE
  97. Arthropod growth
    includes the process:
    • ECDYSIS (shed outer
    • skeleton)
  98. If you are bitten by
    a spider and your skin and muscle at the site of the bite become severely damaged, then the
    venom involved was probably:
    HEMOTOXIC
  99. The coalesced segments of arthropods are called:
    TAGMATA
  100. Arthropods
    characterized by an unsegmented carapace, a long telson, 2 compound eyes, and 2 simple eyes are
    in the class:
    MEROSTOMATA
  101. Insects belong to the subphylum:
    UNIRAMIA
  102. Compound eyes allow insects to see:
    • SIMULTANEOUSLY LEFT
    • AND RIGHT
  103. . T/F
    Insect wings are homologous with vertebrate wings.
    FALSE
  104. The dung beetle is in the order:
    COLEOPTERA
  105. God has an inordinate fondness for:
    BEETLES – COLEOPTERA
  106. Hemipterans:
    • HAVE MOUTHPARTS FOR
    • SUCKING
  107. The real pair of club-shaped wings in flies used
    as gyroscopes are called:
    HALTERES
  108. Tube feet (pedicellaria) are used for:
    FEEDING, LOCOMOTION, AND RESPIRATION
  109. Which of the following animals has a
    well-developed calcareous endoskeleton
    made of plates?
    URCHIN
  110. Radial pentaramous symmetry characterizes the:
    ECHINODERMS
  111. .
    Aristotle’s lantern is used for:
    FEEDING
  112. The Asteroidea include:
    SEA STARS
  113. The Holothuroidea includes the:
    SEA CUCUMBERS
  114. Adult crinoids are:
    • SESSILE FILTER
    • FEEDERS
  115. Which of the following are NOT protostomes?
    • SEA LILLIES (leeches,
    • barnacles, copepods, earthworms)
  116. A paired sense of organs of vertebrates develop
    primarily from which of these embryonic
    tissues?
    ENDODERM
  117. Gnathostomes bite
    using jaws that evolve from:
    ANTERIOR GILL ARCHES
  118. Which vertebrate lineage is characterized by
    lobed-fins with a “1-2-many” arrangement
    of internal bones:
    SARCOPTERYGII
  119. Which vertebrate lineage includes: sturgeons,
    gars, eels, sardines, tuna, puffers,
    seahorses, and flounder?
    ACTINOPTERYGII
  120. The lateral line of fishes is used in:
    VIBRATION DETECTION
  121. A living endoskeleton made of cartilage or bone characterizes
    which lineage?
    • ALL OF THE ABOVE (Cephalochordata, Hemichordata,
    • Urochordates, Vertebrates)
  122. EUSOCIAL
    • each has a specific
    • function
  123. TAGMA
    head
  124. ECDYSIS
    process of molting outer shell
  125. RESLIN
    • sulfur protein makes
    • up joints of species in subphylum Crustaceae

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