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how much internal and external rotation is normal in infant and an adult?
- Infant: 20 - 25 internal and 45 - 50 external
- Adult 35 - 40 internal and 35 -40 external
At what ages is a ped genu varum/ valgum?
- Birth: Varum 15-20
- 2-4: 0
- 4-6 valgus 5-15
- 6-12 straight
- 12 - 14 valgum 5-10 degrees
- 14+ striaght
WHat is the normal STJ axis?
42 from saggital and 16 from transverse
What is the ankle of feroral inclination in a ped? adult?
140 and 120 -130 respectively
what is the difference between torsion and version?
- torsion refers to a bony position
- Version refers to joint position
what is normal for
- Bohlers: 20-40
- Gissane's 120 -145
- fowler Philip 44-69
- Meary's 0
- Hibbs 135-140
- Kites 20-40
Name the biphasic muscles of the LE
AT, EHL, EDL, and peroneus tertias.
you are doing a gait exam and notice that your patient cannot walk in tandem(heel to toe), they are especially in unstable in single limb stance phase. the leg that is in swing phase may swing widely across the body. What disease might your patient have?
THis is a Ataxic gait. He may have MS, tabes dorsalis, diabetic polyneuropathy, or friedrichs ataxia.
What patient would you expect to have a spastic gait?
PAtient with CP, Familial spastic diplegia, paraplegia, and hemiplagia.