FSCN.ch.13.water.soluble

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xiongav
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FSCN.ch.13.water.soluble
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2011-12-06 00:21:01
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FSCN 13 water soluble
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FSCN.ch.13.water.soluble
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  1. ***Water-Soluble Vitamins are USED to FORM?
    Coenzymes

    -Activate enzymes to generate ATP

    -Bindsco-enzyme to activate.
  2. Water-soluble major source?
    Grains.

    phytochemicals, B-vitamins
  3. Thiamin.

    Functions

    Deficiency
    • Function:
    • -Branched chain amino-acid metabolism.
    • -Important in glucose breakdown
    • *Deficiency in this enzyme would mostly affect the BRAIN (CNS).

    • Deficiency:
    • -Beriberi (within deficiency of a couple weeks)
    • -Disruption of carbs
    • -Major effects on CNS
    • -Heart failure
    • -Wenicke – Korsakoff: Alcohol use causes this
  4. Riboflavin.

    Functions

    Food sources
    • Functions:
    • -FAD (CAC)
    • -Co-enzyme
    • -Energy metabolism
    • ***ANTI – OXIDANT!

    • Food sources:
    • -MANY FOOD GROUPs
  5. Niacin (B3).

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food Source
    • Functions:
    • -Co-enzyme NAD and NADPH
    • -Required for catabolism
    • -Oxidation-Reduction reactions
    • ***Required in at least 200 reactions.
    • Deficiency:
    • ***PELLEGRA means “rough skin”. !! ***WORST OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES !!
    • -Symptoms:
    • Dermatitis, diarrhea & dementia (3 D’s)

    • Food sources:
    • *Grains, fish.
    • -Body can produce but NOT very efficient (amino acid is: Triptofan)
  6. Pantothenic Acid (B5).

    Function

    Deficiency
    • Function:
    • Enzyme A, CoA

    • Deficiency:
    • RARE
  7. Biotin.

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food source
    • Function:
    • -Biotin is involved in, CO2 also required in FATTY ACID SYNTHESIS & Gluconeogenesis (GNC)
    • -Required for metabolism of carbs, fats, and proteins.

    • Deficiency:
    • -Raw eggs have a component in it, AVIDIN.
    • -If consuming raw eggs, you can get BIOTIN DEFICIENCY unless COOKED.

    • Food sources:
    • animal products, fish, eggs, meat, grains.
  8. Vitamin B-6.

    Function.

    Deficiency.

    Food source.

    Pharmocological Use.
    • Function:
    • -metabolism

    • Deficiency: RARE
    • -Anemia (decrease ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen).

    • Food sources: Opium, beans, nuts, animal products,
    • potatoes, etc.

    • Pharmo. Use:
    • -Alleviates carpal tunnel syndrome.
    • *Nausea during pregnancy
    • -PMS (NO SIGNIFICANT BENEFIT)
  9. Folate & Vitamin B-12
    (involved in similar pathways)

    Function.

    Deficiency

    Food source
    • Functions:
    • -Central co-enzyme form: tetrahydrofolic (THFA)
    • -DNA synthesis
    • -AA metabolism
    • -NT synthesis

    • Deficiency:
    • -Megaloblastic anemia.
    • -Neural tube defects
    • -Pregnant women urged to take 400 micrograms of folic acid.

    Food sources: Veggies, grains
  10. Choline (main kind of phospholipid)

    ***Can be synthesized by the body.

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food source
    • Function:
    • -Phospholipids, lipoproteins, cell membranes

    • Deficiency: RARE
    • -Can cause fatty liver

    • Food source:
    • *Egg yolk (the fat), animal products, dairy.
  11. Vitamin C.

    ***Many animals can make their own Vitamin C.
    ***Smoking causes oxidative-stress.
    ***MYTH: Vitamin C does not have any affect to curing the common cold.

    -If you smoke, it is recommended to take high doses of Vitamin C.

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food source
    • Function:
    • ***ANTI-OXIDANT
    • -Collagen (connective tissue) synthesis
    • -Immune function
    • -Iron absorption

    • Deficiency:
    • -Scurvy
    • -symptoms from lack of collagen
    • -bleeding in gums, skin, etc.
    • -Mostly in POOR countries.

    • Food sources:
    • -Fruits/veggies

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