Card Set Information
FSCN 13 water soluble
***Water-Soluble Vitamins are USED to FORM?
-Activate enzymes to generate ATP
-Bindsco-enzyme to activate.
Water-soluble major source?
-Branched chain amino-acid metabolism.
-Important in glucose breakdown
*Deficiency in this enzyme would mostly affect the BRAIN (CNS).
-Beriberi (within deficiency of a couple weeks)
-Disruption of carbs
-Major effects on CNS
Wenicke – Korsakoff:
Alcohol use causes this
***ANTI – OXIDANT!
-MANY FOOD GROUPs
-Co-enzyme NAD and NADPH
-Required for catabolism
***Required in at least 200 reactions.
***PELLEGRA means “rough skin”. !! ***WORST OF VITAMIN DEFICIENCIES !!
Dermatitis, diarrhea & dementia (3 D’s)
-Body can produce but NOT very efficient (amino acid is
Pantothenic Acid (B5).
Enzyme A, CoA
-Biotin is involved in, CO2 also required in FATTY ACID SYNTHESIS & Gluconeogenesis (GNC)
-Required for metabolism of carbs, fats, and proteins.
-Raw eggs have a component in it, AVIDIN.
-If consuming raw eggs, you can get BIOTIN DEFICIENCY unless COOKED.
animal products, fish, eggs, meat, grains.
(decrease ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen).
: Opium, beans, nuts, animal products,
-Alleviates carpal tunnel syndrome.
*Nausea during pregnancy
-PMS (NO SIGNIFICANT BENEFIT)
Folate & Vitamin B-12
(involved in similar pathways)
-Central co-enzyme form
: tetrahydrofolic (THFA)
-Neural tube defects
-Pregnant women urged to take 400 micrograms of folic acid.
Food sources: Veggies, grains
Choline (main kind of phospholipid)
***Can be synthesized by the body.
-Phospholipids, lipoproteins, cell membranes
-Can cause fatty liver
*Egg yolk (the fat), animal products, dairy.
***Many animals can make their own Vitamin C.
***Smoking causes oxidative-stress.
***MYTH: Vitamin C does not have any affect to curing the common cold.
-If you smoke, it is recommended to take high doses of Vitamin C.
-Collagen (connective tissue) synthesis
-symptoms from lack of collagen
-bleeding in gums, skin, etc.
-Mostly in POOR countries.