chapter 4

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chapter 4
2011-12-06 01:44:10


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  1. What are the two parts of the central nervous system?
    brain and spinal cord
  2. Together, the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system make up the ________ nervous system.
  3. What is the name given to a cluster of neurons outside the CNS?
  4. The cell bodies of sensory neurons that are in clusters of neurons outside the spinal cord are called:
    dorsal root ganglia.
  5. Gray matter in the brain and spinal cord is mainly composed of what structures?
    cell bodies and dendrites
  6. Which activity is increased by the sympathetic nervous system?
    heart rate
  7. The parasympathetic nervous system has:
    long preganglionic and short postganglionic axons.
  8. Acetylcholine is the only neurotransmitter released by:
    the parasympathetic nervous system's postganglionic axons.
  9. The hindbrain consists of the:
    medulla, pons, and cerebellum.
  10. The pons acts as a bridge between:
    one side of the nervous system and the other.
  11. Vision is to ________ as hearing is to ________.
    cranial nerve II; cranial nerve VIII
  12. The thalamus can be thought of as a(n)
    relay center.
  13. Membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord are called:
  14. The large bundle of axons connecting the two hemispheres of the brain is called the:
    corpus callosum.
  15. Cortical blindness may result from the destruction of:
    the occipital cortex.
  16. What is the primary area of the cerebral cortex for auditory sensations?
  17. Following damage to the temporal lobe, monkeys that fail to display normal fear of snakes most likely have which of the following?
    Kluver-Bucy syndrome
  18. The only area of the cerebral cortex known to receive input from ALL sensory modalities is the
    prefrontal cortex.
  19. The "binding problem" is the issue of how we:
    perceive visual, auditory and other aspects of a stimulus as a single object.
  20. The area of the brain known to be important for "binding" is the:
    parietal cortex.