Chapter 10

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Chapter 10
2011-12-06 20:50:42
Sociology Chapter 10 Key Terms

Sociology A-Down-to-Earth-Approach (Not Finished Yet).
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  1. Social Class
    According to Weber; a large group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, prestige, and power; according to Marx's, one of the two groups: capitalist who owns the means the production or workers who sell their labors.
  2. Property
    Material possessions: animals, bank accounts, bonds, buildings, businesses, cars, furniture,, land, and stocks.
  3. Wealth
    The total value of everything one owns, minus the debts.
  4. Income
    Money received, usually from a job, business, or assets.
  5. Power
    The ability to get your way, even over the resistance of others
  6. Power Elites
    C. Wright Mills terms for the top people in the U.S. Corporations, military, and politics who make the nation's major decisions
  7. Prestige
    Respect or regard
  8. Status Consistency
    Ranking high or low on all three dimensions of social class
  9. Status Inconsistency
    (Status Discrepancy)
    Ranking high on some dimensions of social class and low on others
  10. Status
    The position that someone occupies in a social group
  11. Anomie
    Durkheim's term for a condition of society in which people become detached from the norms that usually guide their behaviors.
  12. Contradictory Class Locations
    Erik Wrights term for a position in the class structure that generates contradictory interest.
  13. Underclass
    A group of people for who poverty persists year after year and across generations.
  14. Intergenerational Mobility
    The change that family members make in social class from one generation to the next
  15. Upward Social Mobility
    Movement up the social class ladder
  16. Downward Social Mobility
    Movement down the social class ladder
  17. Structural Mobility
    Movement up or down the social class ladder that is due to changes in the structure of society, not to individuals efforts.
  18. Exchange Mobility
    About the same number of people moving up and down the social class ladder; such that, on balance , the sociaal class system shows little change
  19. Poverty Line
    The official measure of poverty,; calculated to include incomes that are less than three times a low-cost food budget
  20. [The] Feminization of Poverty
    Refers to the situation that most poor families in the U.S. are headed by women
  21. Culture of Poverty
    The assumption that the values and behaviors of the poor make them fundamentally different from other people, that these factors are largely responsible for their poverty, and that across generations by passing these characteristics to their children
  22. Differed Gratification
    doing without something in the present in the hope of achieving greater gains in the future
  23. Horatio Alger Myth
    the belief that due to limitless possibilities anyone can get ahead if he or she tries enough