FSCN.ch.15.trace.minerals

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xiongav
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121182
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FSCN.ch.15.trace.minerals
Updated:
2011-12-06 01:25:02
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FSCN 15 trace minerals
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FSCN.ch.15.trace.minerals
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  1. Iron. (WOMEN need more: 18; MEN: 8)

    Function (Hemoglobin/Myoglobin)
    -What are the functions of hemo/myo?

    Deficiency

    Food sources
    • Function:
    • *Main function: iron adequacy to maximize performance.

    Hemoglobin (oxygen transport in BLOOD).

    Myoglobin (oxygen transport in MUSCLE).

    • Food sources:
    • Heme - meat
    • Non - heme: veggies
  2. Zinc.

    Function

    Deficiency
    • Function:
    • -At least 300 different enzymes require zinc.

    • Deficiency:
    • -Common in 3rd world countries
  3. Copper.

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food source
    • Function:
    • -Superoxide dismutase enzymes
    • -Act to prevent oxidative damage (helps the enzyme which acts as an anti-oxidant).
    • -Electron transport chain enzyme
    • -Neurotransmitters
    • -Connective tissue

    • *Deficiency is rare
    • -Symptoms: anemia, suppressed immune
    • function.

    • Food source:
    • -Liver
    • -Shellfish
    • -Dark chocolate
  4. Manganese.

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food source
    • Function:
    • ***100's
    • -Share w/ Zn & Cu.

    Deficiency: RARE

    • Food source:
    • -Whole grain cereals, nuts, legumes, tea
  5. Iodine.

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food source
    • Function:
    • *Thyroid hormone - major regulators of energy metabolism.

    • Deficiency:
    • -Geider: thyroid enlarges to trap iodine
    • -Cretinism: mental retardation, restricted growth

    • *Both above are endemic
    • *Prominent concern in many countries
  6. Selenium.

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food sources
    • Function:
    • -Component of 25 enzymes/proteins
    • -Thyroid metabolism

    • Deficiency:
    • -Not established

    • Food sources:
    • *Soil dependant
    • -Seafood, meats, cereal grains
  7. Chromium.

    Function

    Food sources
    • Function:
    • -Enhance insulin function & glucose metabolism

    • Food sources:
    • -Processed meats, liver, eggs, whole grains
  8. Fluoride.

    Function

    Deficiency

    Food sources
    • Function:
    • -Promotes bone & dental health

    Deficiency: CAVITIES

    • Food sources:
    • -Fluorided water, tea, seafood/seaweed
  9. Nutrition diet & cancer.

    Cancer is divided into what two parts?

    *Tumors can metastasize

    What happens during cancer?

    Same in men/women?
    • Cancer:
    • 1) Benign (harmless)

    • 2) Malignant (cancerous)
    • What happens:
    • -Uncontrollable cell division.

    *Same in men/women, 50% of population will have.
  10. What cancer is the most common for women?
    Breast cancer (1 in 8 at risk).

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