Social Psychology - Attitudes

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rach123
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121213
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Social Psychology - Attitudes
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2011-12-06 06:11:46
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Attitudes Social Psychology
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Social Psychology - Attitudes
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  1. Allport (1935) said that the concept of attitudes is probably the most ___ and ___ concept in American social psychology.
    Distinctive, indispensable
  2. Who said that social psychology is the scientific study of attitudes?
    Watson (1930)
  3. What is Petty and Cacioppo's (1996) definition of am attitude?
    'A general or enduring positive or negative feling about some person, object or issue'.
  4. Attitudes cannot be accessed ___.
    Directly
  5. How are attitudes measured?
    Self-report measures
  6. Attitudes can be Positive, Negative, ____ and ____.
    Ambivalent, Indifferent
  7. Attitudes can develop in what three ways?
    • A result of experiences
    • Social interactions
    • Product of processes (Cognitive, Affective, Behavioural)
  8. ___ experience is more predictive of behaviour.
    Direct
  9. What three tyes of knowledge are involved in attitude formation?
    • Clarity
    • Confidence
    • Certainty
  10. Affective antecedents is an _____ response.
    Emotional
  11. Attitudes can be formed via ____ conditioning.
    Classical
  12. Attitudes can be formed via ____ association.
    Repeated
  13. Attitudes are more readily formed through behaviour where there is ____ control of engagement in behaviour.
    Autonomous (not being coerced)
  14. Attitudes can have an important function for the ___.
    Self
  15. Attitudes can be ego ____.
    Defensive (self-enhancing)
  16. Attitudes can express a ___ system.
    Value
  17. Attitudes can help us to constuct a ___ base.
    Knowledge
  18. Attitudes can serve a ____ function (help us avoid punishment or gain rewards)
    Utilitarian
  19. \in terms of attitudes being a social function, they are important for _____.
    Socialisation
  20. Azjen and Fishbein's (1980) Theory of _____ emphasises the rationality of human behaviour, but also the conscious control of behaviour.
    Reasoned Action
  21. The Theory of Reasoned Action was extended to The Theory of ____.
    Planned Behaviour
  22. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (Azjen 1991) added _____ behavioural control.
    Perceived
  23. TRA/TPB assume that attitudes are ___, reasoned and planned (Hogg & Vaughan 2005)
    Intentional
  24. TRA says that there must be a subjective norm, attitude towards a behavor and _____ to produce a behaviour.
    Behavioural intention
  25. One problem with measuring attitudes is that the attitude and ___ relationship is often poor.
    Behaviour
  26. Whose study with chinese restaurant visitors showed that self report attitudes may not match actual behaviour?
    LaPiere (1934)
  27. In LaPiere's study, the chinese couple were refused service only once, but in a postal follow-up, ___% of restaurants said they would refuse Chinese.
    92%
  28. Attitude-behaviour consistency may vary according to:
    Accessibility, the ___ of the attitude, public or private attitude expression, ___ identification.
    Strength, Group
  29. The critical perspective says the language has a ____.
    Function
  30. Wetherell (1987) states that the ctitical perspective to attitudes involves, ____, ____ and _____.
    Function, Construction, Variability
  31. What is the term in traditional attitude research which says that attitudes are assumed to be scattered around in people's heads like currants in a fruitcake?
    Atomism
  32. Discursive psychology focuses on the ___ of attitudes.
    Function
  33. Blaming and defending and stake inoculation show that there is an active ____ of accounts in interaction to suit particular purposes.
    Construction
  34. A critical social psychological approach to attitude is concerned with the way in which we ___ versions of the world, and the ___ such constructions perform within everyday interactions.
    Construct, Function

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