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a high level of society with 5 main characteristics
people who adapted to their environment and invented tools to survive (hunters-gatherers)
people started farming, building communities, producing goods, and trading
"Land between Rivers"
-best farmland is a narrow strip of land between Euphrates and Tigis Rivers.
-today is Iraq region
Large area making an arch from the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf
sumerian city that had its own government and was not part of any larger unit
large temple, top considered holy place, surrounding= palace's and royal storehouses
writing form that the Sumer people developed - contained 600+ wedge shaped marks
Babylon's greatest king
"Code of Laws" - 282 brutal laws "eye for an eye, and tooth for a tooth"
the first civilization to arise in Mesopotamia
Sumerians pumped water (irrigated) from the rivers to water their crops
an instrument used to make impressions on clay tablets (Babylonian writing)
the cruelest people to ever rule Mesopotamia
a stone shaped by a sharp-edged hand tool
people who study artifacts and fossils to learn about the past