A&P 1 Final

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  1. An animal must have some way of moving air or water across its gas exchange surfaces, a process known as:
  2. In the human body, a breath of inhaled air in the pharynx would next enter the:
  3. The nasal passages join with the oral passage to form:
    The phrynx
  4. Which type of tissue forms the thin surface for gas exhanfe in the lungs?
  5. If you are tracing the path of blood from the left to the right side of the heart, you must mention the:
    Aorta & Vena cava
  6. The body's gas exhange system takes in oxygen and removes what corresponding metabolic waste:
    Carbon dioxide
  7. In the nose, incoming air is:
    Filtered, brought to body temperature, and moistened
  8. Which of the following proteins is found in abundance within blood cells?
  9. The hepatic portal vein is located between:
    The small intestine and the liver
  10. Which artery carries blood high in carbon dioxide?
  11. A herinated disk occurs when:
    The annulus fibrosis ruptures
  12. The weight bearing portion of the vertebra is the:
  13. The point where the scapula clavicle connect is the:
    Acromion process
  14. The projection on the coxal bone of the pelvic girdle that is used as a landmark for finding an injection site is the:
    Anterior superior illiac spine
  15. When comparing the pectoral girdle, whic of these statements is correct?
    The pelvic girdle is more firmly attached to the body than the pectoral girdle
  16. Which of these is part of the appendicular skeleton?
  17. A knoblike lump on a bone is called a:
  18. Epidermis is distinguished by being____, wheras dermis is distinguished by being_____
    Composed of stratified squamous epithelial tissue: composed of fibrous connective tissue
  19. The subcutaneous layer consists of:
    Loose connective tissue and adipose tissue
  20. The dermis is composed largely of:
    Fibrous connective tissue
  21. The difference between merocrine, apocrine, and holocrine secretions is the:
    Amount of cytoplasm secreted along with the glandular product
  22. Connective tissue fibers are produced by:
  23. Injections that are administered into the tissue within the skin are called:
  24. Which statement about epithelial tissue is NOT true?
    Glandular epithelium tht secretes its product into a duct forms the endocrine glands
  25. Which of these is not epithelial tissue?
    Bone and cartilage
  26. The outermost portion of the hair is known as the:
  27. The musscle tissue that is striated and has more than one nucleus is:
  28. Tendons
    Are cords of connective tissue that connect muscle to bone
  29. Support, blood cell production, and storage are functions of:
    The skeletal system
  30. An example of a long bonw would be the:
  31. The shaft of a long bone is called the:
  32. Red marrow functions to____while yellow marrow functions to_____
    Produce blood cells, store fat
  33. Osteocytes
    Are mature bone cells
  34. Osteoclasts
    Are bone-eating cells
  35. Osteocytes are found in structures called:
  36. Ossification is:
    When cartilage is replaced by bone
  37. A canal leading through a bone is called a
  38. A narrow ridge on a bone is called a
  39. A deep depresion on a bone is called a
  40. The hyoid bone is unusual because
    It does not articulate with any other bone
  41. The appendicular skeleton includes
    The bones of the upper limb, bones of the lower limb, and the bones of the pelvic and pectoral girdles
  42. Bones of the axial skeleton include all but the
  43. Parts of typical vertebra include all but which of the following?
    Spinous sinus
  44. Vertebra are seperated by
    Intervertebral disks
  45. Lumbar vertebra have larger____than cervical vertebra
  46. Ribs that connect directly to the sternum are called
    True ribs
  47. The fibula is
    The small bone in the lower leg
  48. The longest, strongest bone in the body is the
  49. The____are the bones of the wrist while the____are the bones of the ankle
    Carpals, Tarsals
  50. The coxal bone is composed of the
    Ilium, ishium, pubis
  51. The acetabulum on the coxal bone holds
    the head of the femur
  52. The functions of muscles include all except
    Blood cell production
  53. The type of muscle found in hollow organs is
  54. A connective tissue cord that connects muscles to bone is called a(an)
  55. The movable point where a muscle and bone meet is called the
  56. The most prominent muscle of the shoulder is called the
  57. The largest muscle in the body is
    Gluteus maximus
  58. The muscle in the hip that recieves intramuscular injections is the
    Gluteus medius
  59. An intramuscular injection given in the thigh is depoited in the
    Vastus lateralis
  60. The muscle of the lower leg commonly referred to as the calf is the
  61. This membrane contains goblet cells
  62. The layers of the skin from most superficial to the deepest are
    epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
  63. The protein that waterproofs the skin is called
  64. The subcutaneous layer is composed of
    adipose, loose connective tissue
  65. The oily secretion of the sebaceous glan is called
  66. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation causes
    an increse in melanin production
  67. Long term sunlight exposure can cause which of the following
    Premature wrinkling, skin cancers
  68. Which tissue includes the epidermis?
    Epithelial tissue
  69. A white blood cell ingests solid particles by forming vesicles. This describes the process of:
  70. A tissue with a large number of collagen fibers organized parallel to each other would most likely be found in
    a tendon
  71. Which of the following is not a polymer?
  72. RNA
    Is mainly found in the cytoplasm
  73. Dipeptides are
    Units consisting of two amino acids
  74. The only polosaccharide synthesized in the human body is
  75. Ribosomes are the site of synthesis of
  76. Animals store energy in a polmer of glucose called:
  77. Collagen, an important bio organic macromolecule in connective tissue such as cartilage, ligaments, and tendons, consist chemically of which of the following
  78. Which of these types of connective tissue has the smallest amount of extracellular matrix?
  79. The structural and functional units of the nervous tissue are
  80. The muscle tissue that has spindle shaped cells and a centrally located nucleus is
  81. Cardiac muscle
    is striated, & has intercalated disks
  82. This membrane produces a water fluid for lubrication
  83. Membranes that line certain joints are called
  84. Cartilage
    Provides support and flexabilty, lacks blood vessels, & is composed of chondrocytes
  85. The most rigid of all the connective tissue is
  86. Simple culumnar epithelium is found in the
    small intestine
  87. Epithelial tissue
    is the major tissue of glands, covers all body surfaces
  88. The type of tissue found in the kidney tubules is
    Simple cuboidal
  89. Active transport refers to
    Both movement of molecules from low low to high concentration using energy & movement of molecules from low to high concentration using carrier molecules
  90. A substance that enters a cell against a concentration gradient moves by
    Active transport
  91. Vesicle transport is composed of
    Endocytosis & exocytosis
  92. Water and molecules being forced under pressure across a membrane is called
  93. Facilitated diffusion refers to
    movement of molecules from high to low concentration using carrier molecules
  94. An endocytosis example that means eating is
  95. A blood cell that has undergone lysis has
    burst from being placed in a hypotonic solution
  96. Crenation refers to
    The shrinking of a blood cell that has been placed in a hypertonic solution
  97. A person who is dehydrated will often recieve an intravenous fluid that is
  98. Recepter, identifiers, channels, and carriers are all
    proteins imbedded within the cell membrane
  99. Which of these characteristics apply to smooth muscle?
    Unstriated, involuntary
  100. A white blood cell ingests solid particles by forming vesicles. This describes the process
  101. Which is the best definition of osmosis?
    Movement of water across a semi permeable membrane from an area of high water concentration to an area of lower water concentration
  102. A tissue that covers a surface, is one cell layer thick, and is composed of flat cells is
    Simple squamous epithelium
  103. A type of cell cennection whose only function is to prevent the cells from coming apart is a
  104. Which of the following selections include only organic compounds?
    Glucose, DNA
  105. Which sectional plane divides the body into anterior and posterior sections leaving the face intact?
    Coronal plane
  106. The thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity make up the
    ventral body cavity
  107. Which of the following biological polymers is mismatched with its monomer?
    Cellulose-amino acid
  108. A phospholipid contains
    two fatty acids and a phosphate bound to glycerol
  109. Blood
    Has a fluid component called plasma, is one of two types of fluid conective tissue, & contains red blood cells and platelets
  110. Squamous epithelial cells are
    flat and thin
  111. Epithelial tissue is named according to
    cell shape and layer arrangement
  112. The basement membrane is found
    between epithelial tissue and connective tissue
  113. Two or more specialized cell types group together to form
  114. Which of these is not a major tissue type?
  115. Membrane transport refers to
    movement of substances across the cell membrane into the cell & movement of substances across the cell membrane out of the cell
  116. The two strands of the DNA double helix are held together by____bonds
  117. If a fat from a glycerol molecule and one attached fatty acids, it is called a
  118. Myosin and actin are
  119. Select the element always found in proteins but not normally found in corbohydrates
  120. Like many biological compounds, triglycerides are made of subunits. In this case, three fatty acids are linked to one molecule
  121. The three chief organic compounds of cells are
    proteins, water, and carbohydrates
  122. A polymer is a
    giant molecule
  123. Hydrolysis of a fat or oil results in the formation of
    glycerol & fatty acids
  124. A peptide bond is found in which type of biological molecule
  125. Which, if any, of the following choices does not properly pair an organic compund with one of its building blocks (subunits)
    nucleic acid-glycerol
  126. DNA
    Contains phosphates, nitrogen bases, and deoxyribose sugar
  127. The four kinds of organic macromolecules are
    proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids
  128. The characteristic of life that is defined as "all the chemical reactions taking place in an organism" is
  129. The pleural cavity is contained within the
    thoracic cavity
  130. A section that seperates the body into superior and inferior portions would be a
    transverse section
  131. The nucleus is surrounded by
    A double membrane with pores
  132. Which of the following cell sructures has a large role in cell division?
  133. In mitosis, when the duplicated chromosomes line up in the center of the cell, that stage is called
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A&P 1 Final

A&P 1 Final
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