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This is used to open up occluded artery. This involve dilation of the arteries using a balloon catheter to open the vessel lumen and improve arterial blood flow.
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
-----may be prescribed to prevent coronary artery spasm
A laser probe is advanced through a cannula similar to that used for PTCA
Used instead of PTCA to eliminate the risk of acute coronary vessel closure and to improve long-term patency of the vessel
Coronary artery stents
----------is a major concern following the procedure of Coronary artery stents. the client is placed on----therapy for several months following the procedure
antiplatelet and anticoagulation
Removes plaque from an artery by the use of a cutting chamber on the inserted catheter or a rotating blade that pulverizes the plaque
Used for clients with widespread atherIosclerosis Involving vessels that are too small and numerous for replacement or balloon catheterization.
Performed to increase arterial blood flow to the affected limb
-----is frequently the first indicator of postoperative graft occlusion
occluded coronary arteries are bypassed with the client's own venous or arterial blood vessels
Coronary artery bypass graft
Following Cardiac Surgery Limit pushing or pulling activities for
6 weeks following discharge.
A donor heart from an individual with a comparable body weight and ABO compatibility is transplanted into a recipient within less than------of procurement
The transplanted heart is denervated and unresponsive to
heart rate that is above 100beat/minute with regular rhythm.
Sinus Tachycardia-(Atria Tachycardia)
Heart beat less than 60beat/minute, with regular rhythm.
Sinus Bradycardia-(Atria Bradycardia)
Sinus Bradycardia-(Atria Bradycardia) Can be treated by giving
anticholinergic medication such as Atropine.
a fast heart rate that originates from the atrium. Atria rate is between 160-200/minute.
Supraventricular tachycardia Treatment by given
Diltiazem first then digoxin for maintenance.
a fast heart rate that originates from the ventricle. Heart rate is more than 220.
Ventricular tachycardia must be treated. Given
lidocane or synchronized, cardioversion
Heart rate is 300-600. This is potentially fatal. No heat beat can be heard because the heart is beating so fast.
-----can be used to terminate supraventricular tachydysrhythmias
The physician instructs the client to bear down or induces a gag reflex in the client both of which stimulate a
Provide an ------ if the gag reflex is stimulated
a brief procedure where an electrical shock is delivered to the heart to convert an abnormal heart rhythm back to a normal rhythm.
is a process in which an electronic device sends an electric shock to the heart to stop an extremely rapid, irregular heartbeat, and restore the normal heart rhythm.
Defibrillation should not be performed on a patient who has a -----or is -----
Conductive paddle are placed on the --------. One paddle is placed at the ------ to the right of the sternum; the other is placed at the---------- on the left midaxillary line.
third intercostal space
fifth intercostal space
Stop the ----- during the procedure to avoid the hazard of fire
Used by laypersons and emergency medical technicians for pre-hospital cardiac arrest
Automatic external defibrillator (AED).
This is a device that is implanted in the body to monitor cardiac rhythm to detects abnormal rhythm and quickly terminate it.
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD)
Avoid -------- directly over the ICD, because they can inactivate the device.
a small device that's placed under the skin of
the chest or abdomen to help stimulate heart beat and control abnormal heart rhythms.
Pacemakers are powered by a----- has an average life span of------, designed to be recharged-----
Patient should observe for -----which is an indication that pacemaker is malpositioned and is pacing the -----
THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT heart rate