Physical Principles of RT Part 2.txt

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MagusB81
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121342
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Physical Principles of RT Part 2.txt
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2011-12-06 18:07:45
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RESP 130
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RESP 130
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  1. What is Pascal's principle?
    P(L)=hXd(W)
  2. P(L) is?
    the static pressure exerted by the liquid
  3. h is?
    the height of the liquid column
  4. d(w) is?
    the liquid's density
  5. 1atm is equal to?
    1034 gm/cm^3
  6. 1atm is equal to what in lbs?
    14.7lb/in^2
  7. When looking at the pressure at the bottom of a container, what happens to the pressure?
    it doubles
  8. psig is what of psia?
    half
  9. the formal for buoyancy?
    B=d(w) X V
  10. B is?
    the bouyant force
  11. d(w) is?
    weight density of an object being supported
  12. V is?
    the volume displaced
  13. In order for an object to float it must have a density that is?
    less than the density of water, which is 1gm/cm^3
  14. What is it called when the weight density of other liquids are compaired to water?
    specific gravity
  15. When measureing the specific gravity of gases what should be used instead of water?
    O2 or H
  16. The force that opposes a fluid's flow is?
    viscosity
  17. A fluids viscosity is directly proportional to the _____ between its molecules.
    cohesive forces
  18. Cylindrical layers in the movement of fluids. viscosity plays an important role in the movement of the layers.
    streamlines
  19. a pattern of flow consisting of concentric layers of fluid flowing parallel to a tube wall at linear velocitied that increase toward the center.
    laminar flow
  20. How easily rings separate is the?
    shear rate (the difference in the velocity between the rings)
  21. Shear rate is depent on what two things?
    pressure pushing or driving tthe fluid, shear stress and the vicosity of the fluid
  22. What is the formula for shear rate?
    shear rate = shear stress/viscosity
  23. Shear rate is?
    concentric ring separation
  24. Shear stress is?
    the driving pressure
  25. Viscosity is?
    molecular attraction
  26. Viscosity of a uniform liquid will vary ____ with temp.
    indirectly
  27. Blood has the viscosity about _____ greater than water.
    five times
  28. What is the cgs unit for viscosity?
    is the poise and is 1 dyne-sec/cm^2
  29. The SI unit of viscosity is?
    pascal-sec. (pa-s) equal to 10 poises
  30. is the attraction molecules that are alike.
    cohesion
  31. is the attration of molecules that are not alike.
    adhesion
  32. a force exerted by like molecules at a liquid's surface. it ios due to cohesion.
    surface tension
  33. What law states that surface tention increases the pressure inside a liquid drop or bubble?
    LaPlace"s Law
  34. Formula for LaPlace's Law
    P= 4ST/r
  35. water that undergoes vaporization becomes vapor, but not a true gas. this molecular water exerts a pressure like a gas called?
    water vapor pressure
  36. When gas is heated the temperature of a gas affects what on water vapor?
    How much water vapor it can hole and the water vapor pressure
  37. BTPS is know as what?
    Body Temperature and pressure
  38. Saturated BTPS is equivalent to?
    37C and 100% relative humidity
  39. Under standart BTPS the water vapor content is what?
    44mg/L
  40. The water pressure of standard BTPS is?
    47 mmHg or 1 torr
  41. The actual amount or weight of water vapor in gas.
    Absolute humidity
  42. Air saturated with water vapor with absolute humidity has?
    43.8mg/L
  43. The ratio of gases actual water vapor content to its saturated capacity at a given temp.
    relative humidity
  44. Relative humidity is calculated by using what formula?
    %RH= content(absolute humdity)/saturated capacity X 100
  45. This is the ratio of the bodies acutal water vapor content to the water vapor capacity in saturated gas at body temperature.
    Percent body humidity.
  46. What is the formula for percent body humidity?
    %BH = Content(absolute humidity)/capacity at 37C X 100
  47. represents the amount of water vapor that must be added to a gas to increase it to full saturation.
    Humidity deficit
  48. represents the amount of water vapor our body must add to the inspired gas to achieve saturation at body temperature.
    Body Humidity deficit
  49. How do you calculate humidity deficit?
    humidity deficit = capacity - content

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