Physical Principles of RT Part 3.txt

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MagusB81
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Physical Principles of RT Part 3.txt
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2011-12-06 18:08:15
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RESP 130
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RESP 130
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  1. Factors that influence vaporization?
    Temp., Pressure, Surface area
  2. How does Temp. influence vaporization?
    Increased will increase the rate, decreased will decrease the rate.
  3. How does pressure influence vaporization?
    Air pressure above opposes vaporization. Low will allow more to happen.
  4. How does the surface area influence vaporization?
    Greater area, great rate of vaporization.
  5. What are the properties of gases?
    Exert pressure, capable of flow, exhibit the property of viscosity, readily compressed and expanded, fill the spaces available to them by diffusion, and velocity of gas molecules are directly proportional to temp.
  6. Avogadro's number?
    6.023X10^23
  7. States that 1 gram atomic weight of any substance contains exactly the same number of atims, molecules, or ions.
    Avogadro's Law
  8. is the ideal volume for one mole of a gas.
    Molar Volume.
  9. What is the ideal molar volume of any gas at STP?
    22.4L
  10. Is the ratio of substance's mass to its volume.
    Density
  11. What is the formula for density?
    d(w)=gmw/22.4
  12. is a substance that has a high atomic weight and the particles are packed more closely together.
    dense substance
  13. is a substance has a low concentration of light atomic particles per unit volume.
    low density
  14. The whereby molecules move from areas of high concentration to areas of lower concentration due to kinetic energy.
    Diffusion
  15. is used to quantify gas diffusion rates.
    Graham's Law
  16. What is the formula for graham's law?
    D(gas) = 1/Sqare root gmw
  17. is the rate of diffusion of a gas. it is defined as the number of mL of gas at 1atm of pressure that will diffuse a distance of 1um over a square cm surface area per minute.
    diffusion coefficient
  18. How does the gram molecular weight affect the diffusion of gases?
    Lighter gases diffuse rapidly and heavy dont.
  19. Pressure that gases exert when dissolved in a gas.
    Tension
  20. Gas tension depends on its?
    kinetic energy
  21. How does gravity effect density?
    it increases the density
  22. what are the SI units for pressure?
    N/m^2
  23. what are the cgs units of gas?
    dynes/cm^2
  24. what are the fps units for gas?
    lb/in^2
  25. how can pressure be measured indirectly?
    the height in a column of liquid
  26. What is 1KPa = mmHg?
    7.5mmHg
  27. What is 1KPa = cm H2O?
    10.2cm H2O
  28. Represents force oer unit area.
    Pressure
  29. Standard Unit of pressure in cgs?
    1 atm = 1030g/cm^2
  30. Standard unit of pressure in fps?
    1 atm = 14.7lbs/in^2
  31. It is the simplest mechanical pressure gauge. Sealed evacuated metal box with a flexible, spring supported top that responds to external pressure changes.
    Aneroid Barometer.
  32. When vapor pressure is equal to air pressure this is called?
    Boiling point (review in book)
  33. Used to measure blood or airway pressure at the bedside.
    manometer
  34. Measures pressure. In this device, pressure changes expand and contract a flexible metal diaphragm connected to electrical wires.
    Strain gauge pressure tranducer
  35. Is the pressure exerted by a single gas in a mixture.
    Partial pressure
  36. Means the total pressure of a mixture of gases must equal the sum of the partial pressure of all component gases.
    Dalton's Law
  37. The partial pressure of a component gas must be ______ to its percentage in the mixture.
    proportional
  38. The partial pressure percentage in decimal form is called what?
    fractional concentration
  39. Example: a gas that is 25% of a mixture has a fractional concentration of?
    0.25
  40. What is the equation for Dalton's Law?
    Partial pressure = fractional concentration X total pressure
  41. The fractional concentration of inspired O2 remains constant at about 0.21 in the atmoshpere. But what if the barometric pressure changes, such as going up in altitude, what happens?
    The partial pressure of O2 drops
  42. 1 mmHg = ? cm H2O
    1.36 cmH2O
  43. What determines the physiological activity of oxygen?
    the partial pressure not percentage.
  44. What can impair the oxygen uptake by the lungs when dealing with pressure?
    Decreased total pressure ( high altitude)
  45. At high atmosperic pressure, what happens to the PO2 in an air mixture?
    it increases
  46. Presures above atmospheric are called what?
    hyperbaric
  47. By increasing the barometric pressure you can do what to the pressure of O2?
    Increase
  48. Predicts how much of a given gas will dissolve in a liquid.
    Henry's Law
  49. What is the formula for Henry's Law?
    V = alpha X Pgas
  50. In Henry's Law, what does V stand for?
    Volume
  51. In Henry's Law, what does alpha stand for?
    the solubility coefficient
  52. In Henry's Law, what does Pgas stand for?
    the partial pressure of gas
  53. equals the volume of a gas that will dissolve in 1mL of a given liquid at standard pressure and specified temperature.
    Solubulity coefficient.
  54. What is the solubility coefficient of O2 in plasma at 37C and 760 mmHg?
    0.023mL/1mL
  55. What is the solubility coefficient of CO2 in plasma at 37C and 760 mmHg?
    0.510mL/1mL
  56. High temp. does what to solubility?
    decreases
  57. Low temp. does what to solubility?
    increases

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