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-come up with this by using 5 axials of categories.
(Axial) Axis I
- -symptoms that cause distress or significantly impair social or occupational functioning
- ex. Depression, anxiety disorders, subastance abuse
(Axial) Axis II
personality disorders and mental retardation
-chronic and enduring problems that generally persist throughout life. Impairs also
(Axial) Axis III
General medical condition
-physical disorders that may be relevant to understanding or treating a psych. disorder
(Axial) Axis IV
psychosocial and environmental problem
- it can be anything that can contribute to moods and emotional problems
(Axial) Axis VI
evaluates a persons life from 0 to 100
40-45 below is suicidal
the patients current state or condition
enduring problems that seem to be an integral part of self
-abnormal behavior characterized by unrealistic irrational fear
GAD Generalized Anxiety disorder
-more common with women
- -whole body feels anxious for no real reason for it.
(anxiety disorder) Panic disorder
pain attacks come out of nowhere
(Anxiety disorder) 3 types of Phobias
(Anxiety disorder-Phobias) Agoraphobia
-fear of enclosed or wide open spaces
-these people may not ever get out of the house
(Anxiety disorder-Phobias) Specific Phobias
specific fear of a phobia
(Anxiety disorder-Phobias) Social phobia
-irrational fear of embarrassing themselves in social situations
-common: public speaking and eating in public
(anxiety disorders) OCD
cannot function because they are obsessed with compulsion.
-performing an act or ritual repeatedly
(Anxiety disorder) PTD
traumatic. Function normally until the stimulus is triggered.
-known as affective disorders.
-are characterized by extreme mood swings.
-belong in axial I
2 major types of mood disorders
major depressive disorder and bipolar
Major depressive disorder
-mood that is an extreme depression
-it is a unipolar disorder, one direction of mood.
feel no pleasure, nothing makes them react positively
-repeated episodes of mania and depressive
hyper mania, way above normal mania
hypomania, above normal but below mania
-psychosis, complete break from reality
has five symptoms
five symptoms of schizophrenia
(symptoms of schizophrenia) Perceptual disturbances
-most common are auditory, hearing things.
(symptoms of schizophrenia) Language disturbance
-coming up with their own words.
(symptoms of schizophrenia) Thought disturbance
-delusions, mistaken beliefs based on misrepresentation of reality.
(symptoms of schizophrenia-delusion) Delusion of grandeur
- - they have a delusion thinking they are someone important
(symptoms of schizophrenia-delusion) Delusion of reference
-relate unrelated things back to them. thinks everyhthing is done for them
-radio station talking to them
(symptoms of schizophrenia) Emotional disturbances
-emotions exaggerated and fluctuate rapidly.
flattened affect : some have no emotion whatsoever.
(symptoms of schizophrenia) Behavioral disturbances
-assuming a position for a very long time
Causes of schizophrenia
(causes of schizophrenia) Genetics
-genetic similarity most likely means they will share the same schizophrenia gene
(causes of schizophrenia) Neurotransmitters
-too much dopamine
(causes of schizophrenia) Brain abnormalities
-abnormalities in brain function or structure