chemistry 101

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chemistry 101
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2011-12-06 23:06:21
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chem 101 final study
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  1. zinc ion
    Zn2+
  2. silver ion
    Ag+
  3. ammonium
    NH4+
  4. carbonate
    CO32-
  5. nitrate
    NO3-
  6. phosphate
    PO43
  7. sulfate
    SO42-
  8. chlorate
    ClO3-
  9. Acetate
    • C2H3O2- or
    • CH3COO-
  10. Hydroide
    OH-
  11. planck equation
    • E=hv=hc/wavelength
    • v-frequency
    • c-speed of light
    • h-plancks constant (6.63*10-34)
  12. Bohr atom
    • electrons in a hydrogen atom move around the nucleus in certain allowed circular orbits that are certain distances form the nucleus.
    • electrons are in definite and discrete energy levels
    • electrons can move from one level to another with corresponding absorption or emission of radiation
  13. Dalton (father of modern chemistry)
    • atoms of the same are alike and different from other elements
    • compounds formed by joining atoms of elements
    • compound always has same kind and number of atoms
    • all matter made up of atoms
  14. J.J Thompson
    • all metlas and gases contain electrons
    • atoms neutral
    • atoms can be divided
  15. Rutherford
    atoms have small dense positive center
  16. nitrite
    NO-
  17. chlorite
    CO22-
  18. Hypochlorite
    ClO-
  19. sulfite
    SO32-
  20. Phosphite
    PO33-
  21. perchlorate
    ClO4-
  22. HydrogenCarbonate
    HCO3-
  23. Hydrogen sulfate
    HSO4-
  24. Chromate
    CrO42-
  25. fluride
    F-
  26. chloride
    Cl-
  27. Bromide
    Br-
  28. Iodide
    I-
  29. Hydroxide
    OH-
  30. cyanide
    CN-
  31. oxide
    O2-
  32. sulfide
    S2-
  33. nitride
    N3-
  34. strong acids
    HCl, HBr, HI, HNO3, H2SO4, HClO4
  35. strong bases
    LiOH, KOH, RbOH, CsOH, Ca(OH)2, Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, (1st and 2nd family except Be and Mg)
  36. V.S.E.P.R. theroy
    e-s try to get as far away from each other as possible. minimize repulsive forces.
  37. Linear
    • 2 density regions
    • sp hybridization
  38. trigonal Planer
    • 3 density regions
    • sp2 hybridization
  39. tetrahedral
    • 4 density regions
    • sp3 hybridization
  40. trigonal bi-pyramidal
    • 5 density regions
    • sp3d hybridization
  41. octahedral
    • 6 density regions
    • sp3d2 hybridization

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