Psych Motivation

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Psych Motivation
2011-12-12 21:54:23

motivation and emotion chpt
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  1. Motivation
    A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.
  2. Instinct
    A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.
  3. Drive-Reduction theory
    The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.
  4. Homeostasis
    A tendency to maintain a balamced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.
  5. Incentive
    A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior.
  6. Hierarchy of needs
    Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active.
  7. Sexual response cycle
    The four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson - excitement, Plateau, orgasm, resolution
  8. Refractory Period
    a resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm.
  9. Sexual disorder
    a problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning.
  10. Estrogen
    A sex hormone, secreted in greater amounts by females then by males. In nonhuman female mammals, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity.
  11. Testosterone
  12. James-Lange Theory of Emotion
    We feel emotion because of biological changes caused by stress. So if I jump out and scare the behoovies out of you, your heart begins to race and that bodily change causes you to feel fear.
  13. Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion
    Cannon believed that the thalamus (switchboard in the brain) sends information from the environment simultaneously to the autonomic nervous system (for body changes) and cerebral cortex (emotional state).
  14. Two-Factor Theory of Emotion
    Schacter: Two-factor theory demonstrates that emotion depends on the interaction between two factors, biology and cognition. The idea behind this theory is that you first experience physiological arousal (biology) and then find a label in our mind (cognition) to explain the emotion.
  15. Stress Personalities
    • Type A - Impatient, excessively time-conscious, insecure about one's status, highly competitive, hostile and aggressive, and incapable of relaxation.
    • Type B - patient, relaxed, and easy-going.
    • Type AB - Mix
  16. How to Measure Stress
    Take a test called "Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)" that measures stress using life-change units (LCUs). Everytime you get married, graduate college, get a new job, buy an apartment etc...., you increase your LCU's and thus increase your stress levels.
  17. Three Stages of Seyle's Stress stage thoery
    • Alarm Reaction
    • Resistance
    • Exhaustion