A politics in which the behaviour of citizens and policymakers and the political agenda itself are increasingly shaped by technology.
Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, and other means of popular communication.
Events purposely staged for the media that nonetheless loke spontaneous. In keeping with politics as theater, they can be staged by individuals, groups, and government officials, especially presidents.
Meetings of public officials with reporters.
the use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, and schemes, which at times puts reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders.
newspapers and magazines, as compared with broadcast media.
television and radio, as compared with print media
media programming on cable TV or the Internet that is focused on one topic and aimed at a particular audience. Examples include MTV, ESPN, and C-SPAN.
newspapers published by massive media conglomerates that account for over four-fifths of the nations daily newspaper circulation. often these control broadcast media as well.
specific locations from which news frequently emanates, such as congress or the White House. Most top reporters work a barticular beat.
An intentional news leak for the purpose of assessing the political reaction.
short video clips of approximately 15 seconds; typically all that is shown from a politician's speech or activities on the nightly television news.
a shot of a person's face talking directly to the camera. Because this is visually unappealing, the major commercial networks rarely show a politician talking one-on-one for very long.
the issues that attract the serious attention of public oficials and other people actively involved in politics at the time
People who invest their political "capital" in an issue. According to John Kingdon, these "could be in or out of government, in elected or appointed positions, in interest groups or research organizations."