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children that have dont have a good opportunity to learn basic social skill becuase they were brought up by animals or a very isolated place
Looking Glass Self
Charles Horton Cooley--> personality arises from interaction with others, especially significant others. They develop identity and a sense of self from the feedback of others.
Parents, relatives, teachers. Children usually learn what is expected of them during their play stage by sig. others.
Kids from ages 4-7 spend time playing and "taking on the role of the other". As they are acting out various social roles, they are gettting an understanding of adult roles and why people in those positions act the way they do. They also realize how children are treated so they start to look at themselves as others see them. Two goals accomplished: 1) helps provide clues as to who they are 2) prepares them for later life. crucial time for developement of gender roles.
Occurs at about age 8. final stage of personality development in Mead's scheme. Activities are more structured and there are rules that limit what you can do during the game. The roles of all players in the game are known and we know what is expected from them and how we should react to what they do(generalized other). they learn that expectations need to be met
the pertson we distinguish ourself from and we learn to interzalize the feelings of others
removed from a group, kinda like shunned
The Formal Contract
A contract between people specifiying certain requirements and it is signed promising you will follow the guidelines
Direct Social Control
Refers to attempts to punish or neutralize organizations or individuals who dont follor societys norms. deciant targets here are essentially four: the poor, mentally ill, criminals, and political dissidents.
Ideological Social Control
Attempts to manipulate the consciouness of citizens so that they accept ruling ideology, obey willingly to the law, and done question socieys distribution of power an rewards.
Formal Social Control
focusing on more bigger and complex organizations and societies
Informal Social Control
focusing social control typically in a small homogeneos groups and societies like a family
Culture of Surveillance
William Staples- the use of govt like social control in the privat sector. People have become to used to surveillance cameras, internet mining of ppls personal info, drug testing and lie detectors, sobriety checkpoints, medical and health recors collected and available, and agencies that regulate life styles and behavior(doctors, welfare workers)
A form of Direct social control. The public assistant programs serve a social control function in times of mass unemployment by defusing social unrest. the system helps demonize on outcast class of people and therefore celebrate the virtues of work and denigrates reliance on aid(makes it look bad)
pros in science and medicane have come up with techiniques for shaping and controlling the behavior of those who are deviant to societys norms. Behaviors thought as unacceptable have been redefined as a medical condition such as adhd, sec addict, social anxiety disorder. Lebeling of mental illness is social control.
Criminal Justice System
A form of direct social control. the govt is the legit holder of power and the govt is directly involved in control of its residents to perserve power
large corporations are performing state control functions- CCA running prisons CORRECTIONS CORPORATIONS of AMERICA
let FBI spy on speech, behaviors, and ideas of citizens and noncitizens. Relsut of 911.
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