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He was the director of the Vineland Training School for
Feeble-Minded Girls and Boys in Vineland, New Jersey.
A psychology professor at Stanford, he beleived in racial
differences in IQ.
German psychologist popularized IQ as the ratio of mental ag to chronological
He determined that the average mental age of white Army
recruits was only 13.
argued that individuals with an IQ between 50 and 70 should be designated as
This psychologist pioneered intelligence studies in order to
identify those students that required remedial classes.
measured heads of school children designated as the smartest and dumbest and
found little to no difference in head size.
This French psychologist began as a follower of Broca, but
soon found that Broca was wrong.
American psychologist argued that the noble professions required an IQ of 115
A prominent proponent of eugenics, he translated Binet’s
works into english.
He traced the pedigrees of mental defectives and concluded
that “feeble-mindedness” followed a Mendelian inheritance pattern.
He argued that dark-skinned Europeans were less inteiiligent
than light-skinned Europeans.
He calculated intelligence as chronological age minus the
A professor of psychology at Harvard, he was frustrated that
psychology was considered a “soft” science and convinced the Army to administer
tests to incoming recruits.
He revised Binet’s tests in 1916 and argued for universal
testing in schools.
He was the author of the Stanford-Binet tests.