Gender - Social Psychology

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Gender - Social Psychology
2011-12-07 06:01:38
Gender Social Psychology

Gender - Social Psychology
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  1. Society uses gender to ___ people.
  2. Gender refers to the ascribed (attributed) and prescribed (set or agreed) behaviours associated with the categories ___ and ___.
    Women, Men
  3. Gender can be biologically ___ or ____.
    Innate, Learned
  4. ___ theory assumes that gender is determined by genes and hormones.
  5. ___ theory says that gender is socialised, and that culturally appropriate behaviours are learned.
    Social Learning
  6. Bandura (1963) beleived that gender is determined by ___.
  7. Bandura based his theory on observations of children in societies where ___ are highly demarcated.
    Gender roles
  8. Maccoby & Jacklin (1974) found in their meta-analysis that men outperformed women in which three areas?
    • Aggression
    • Mathematical ability
    • Spatial ability
  9. Whose meta-analysis found that women outperformed men in verbal ability?
    Maccoby & Jacklin (1974)
  10. Research since the 1990's has ___ found any consistent sex differences.
  11. Who coined the term androgyny?
    Bem (1974)
  12. What is the term for the idea that individuals can display both masculine and feminine traits?
  13. What inventory was devised to measure androgyny?
    Bem Sex Role Inventory (1974)
  14. Which theory did Bem (1981) propose?
    Gender Schema Theory
  15. Which theory proposed that children learn from the culture in which they live a concept of what it means to be men and women, and adjust their behaviour according to gender norms and expectations?
    Gender Schema Theory
  16. People who are gender ___ are more aware of people who deviate from socially ascribed gender roles.
  17. What critique says that sex differences research is biased in favour of men as it uses men as the benchmark against which women are measured?
  18. Who said that trait and biological theories are inadequate in exaplaining women's lives as they ignore the social conditions in which women live and the social expectations placed upon them.
    Weisstein (1971)
  19. Which perspectives view gender as not biologically based nor learned, but as an unnatural social categorisation system which prioritises and emphasises gender differences.
    Critical Social Psychological
  20. Critical social psychological perpectives ask how men and women are ___ as different.
  21. Bem (1994) identified three main ___ of gender.
  22. What are Bem's (1994) three main lenses of gender?
    • Biological Essentialism
    • Adrocentrism
    • Gender Polarisation
  23. Biological essentialism treats characteristics as being formly grounded in ___.
  24. ___ is a term to describe gender as a male centred perspective and a norm from which women deviate.
  25. ___ relates to how we look at gender differences rather than similarities.
    Gender polarisation
  26. Clarke and Braun's (2009) definition of genitals research shows that ___ is involved in the creation of reality.
  27. What is the culturally dominant form of masculinity (Strong, stoic, dominant)?
    Hegemonic masculinity
  28. The way gendered dimensions of privilege and marginalisation intersect with other dimension (e.g. race, class, sexuality) to mediate the impact of gender is referred to as ___.