CAS 301 Final Review Guide

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CAS 301 Final Review Guide
2011-12-07 12:35:22
chapter three

Chapter 3
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  1. What is risk-benefit analysis in research?
    • Must calculate potential risks and benefits in conducting a study
    • Potential Risks: Psychological or physical harm
    • Potential Benefits: to society, direct benefits to the participant, payment/gifts - but never too much
  2. What is an informed Consent Form? What should it include?
    • Potential participants are informed about the study in a written format
    • Can choose to participate or decline
    • MUST INCLUDE: purpose of the study, risks and enefits, their right to refure to participate at any time
    • Autonomy issues
    • Minors must complete assent, parents complete consent
  3. Do minors have complete informed consent forms? What about their parents?
    • NO - minors do not
    • Yes - parents do
  4. Who are the special populations that must be protected in research?
    • Minors
    • Prisoners
    • Pregnanat Women
    • Economically
    • Physically
    • Mentally
    • Disadvantaged
  5. How and Why is deception used in research?
    • Necessary when providing too much information can impact the results
    • Deception about purpose of the study
    • Deception within the study
  6. What is debriefing? What should in include?
    • Debriefing: Explanation of the purposes of the research that is given to participants following their participation in the research study
    • Occurs after the completion of the study
    • Explanation of any deception used
    • Explain the purpose if the study and expected results
    • Make sure that any altered physical or psychological state occurred returns to normal
  7. What is the IRB?
    • IRB - Institutional Review Board
    • Reviews all research within that institution
    • Usually made up of faculty members
    • All instituations that recieve federal funding must have one
  8. List the risk levels in research
    • Exempt research
    • minimal Risk
    • greater than minimal risk
  9. Risks in Psychological Research
    • Physical harm
    • stress
    • loss pf privacy and confidentiality