Earth Systems Final

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samkaymad
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121653
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Earth Systems Final
Updated:
2011-12-07 20:51:06
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Astronomy Meterology geologySystems earth dependant variables independant SI units maps TOPEX Timezones Data pH scale
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  1. What are the five fields of science we have studied?
    • Astronomy
    • meteorology
    • geology
    • Environmental science
    • Oveanography
  2. The study of objects beyond Earth's atmosphere is called what?
    Astronomy
  3. What is the study of the forces and processes that cause the atmosphere to change and produce weather?
    Meterology
  4. what is the study of the earth and the materials that make up the earth?
    Geology
  5. What is the study of how organisms interact with teir environment?
    Environmental Science
  6. What is the study of the Earth's oveans?
    Oceanography
  7. What are the Four systems of the Earth?
    • Atmosphere
    • HYdrosphere
    • Biosphere
    • Geosphere
  8. What is the air that surrounds the Earth?
    Atmosphere
  9. What system includes all the water in the Earth?
    Hydrosphere
  10. What system includes Earth's organisms and their environments?
    Biosphere
  11. What system includes the area between the surface and the centerof the Earth?
    Geosphere
  12. What is the first step of the scientific method?
    Obsearve and determine what you want know.
  13. What is a hypothesis?
    A testable statement
  14. What is the dependant variable?
    • the variable you measure
    • it "depends" on the independent variable
  15. What is the indepndent variable?
    The variable you control and change
  16. What is the SI unit of mass?
    Kilogram (kg)
  17. What type of map is used by airplane pilots and ship navigators?
    Mercator Projection
  18. What type of map shows the lines of latitude and longitude?
    Mercator Projection
  19. What type of map shows wlevation changes woth contour lines?
    Topographic Map
  20. What type of map shows the types of rocks below the surface of a certain area?
    Geologic Map
  21. What does a TOPAX/Poseidon Satellite do?
    A satalite used to map the ocean floor
  22. What does GPS stand for?
    Global Positioning System
  23. What does a GPS do?
    Locate and object's aproximate position
  24. What might a team of scientists studying animals use a GPS for?
    Tracking the movement of animals
  25. Each degree of latitude or longitude is divided into 60 smaller units called______.
    Minutes
  26. The earth is divided into how many time zones?
    24
  27. How many time zones cover the United States?
    6
  28. What is Quantitive data?
    Data expressed in numbers
  29. What is Qualitative data?
    Data that describes information
  30. What are three types of graphs?
    • Bar
    • Pie
    • Line
  31. What type of graph is used to show percentages?
    Pie
  32. What type of graph compares different variables?
    Bar
  33. What type of graph compares 2 variables?
    Line
  34. The Earth's core is mostly made of ______.
    Nickel
  35. A+B --> C


    In the example above, which part is the reactants?
    A+B
  36. A+B --> C

    In the example above, which part is the products?
    C
  37. The nucleus of an atom is made of ______ and ________.
    Protons and Neutrons
  38. How do you get atomic mass?
    # of protons + # of neutrons
  39. How do you get the Atomic Number?
    It is the same as the # of protons
  40. How are isotopes formed?
    When an atom gains or loses neutrons.
  41. How are ions formed?
    When an atom gains or loses electrons.
  42. Elements are made up of _____.
    Atoms
  43. What is the most Abundant element in the universe?
    Helium
  44. In a liquid, are particles tightly packed or loosely packed?
    Loosely
  45. When a substance changes from a gas to a liquid it is called_______.
    Condensation
  46. What is it called when a substance changes from a solid to a liquid?
    Melting
  47. What is a mixture?
    A combination of two or more substances that retain their identity.
  48. 0 .........7..........14
    |---------|----------|

    Which side is acids?
    Left
  49. 0 .........7..........14
    |---------|----------|

    Which side is bases?
    Right
  50. What is the property of splitting aling one or more flat planes evenly and easily?
    Cleavage
  51. what is the property of breaking with rough or jagged edges?
    Fracture
  52. What is a mineral that contains a useful substance that can be mined for profit?
    Ore
  53. What is a valuable mineral prized for its raritu and beauty?
    Gem
  54. In what type of pattern are the atoms of a crystal arranged?
    Repeating patterns
  55. Do intrusive igneous rocks form large crystals or small crystals?
    Large
  56. How do rocks form from magma?
    Magma cools and crystallizes
  57. How are minerals formed?
    Magma and solutions
  58. What is obsidian?
    Volcanic glass

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