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individuals may obsess about bacteria growing on his hands, but this is something that could occur.
mental disorders that affect many areas of functioning and involve IMOTIONS, THOUGHTS, and BEHAVIORS so bizarre a person cannot function (psychoses).
lack of emotion even in great joy or success situations.
mood that does not match the context of a given situation.
extremely rigid or bizarre thoughts.
hearing voices when no one else does that tell them to do something.
remaining in a near immovable state for hours.
Schizophrenia: 2 main groups –
Positive & Negative
(Negative): Define Anhedonia, Alogia, Avolition
- Excessive or overt symptoms.
- disorganized speech/behavior
- Covert symptoms
- Lack of speech
- Failure to care for oneself
- Anhedonia: lack of interest.
- Alogia: speaking very little to others.
- Avolition: inability to engage in goal-oriented activities.
Define and the other 4 types of delusions.
Delusions: -Misperception of life experiences.
- 1) Persecutory delusions
- most commonly seen in schizophrenia; one is being harmed/harassed in some way.
- 2) Control delusions
- Thought insertion, thought broadcasting, and thought withdrawal.
- 3) Grandiose delusions
- Belief one is powerful or important.
- 4) Referential delustions
- Events in everyday life have sth special to do w/ oneself.
*AUDITORY, the most common.
Define. 2 types (Visual/Tactile)
Sensory experiences people believe to be true.
- Visual or Tactile
- A person sees images or visions not seen by others.
(A Beautiful Mind – scene – having a roommate when he was not actually there).
Define/distinguish between the two.
Echolalia: repeat others' words.
Echopraxia: Repeat others' actions
Schizophrenia DSM-IV-TR Features of Schizophrenia
Define the 2 phases (Prodromal/Residual)
How long must the symptoms last?
Delusions, Hallucinations, disorganized speech, catatonic behavior, negative symptoms (flat affect, alogia, avolition)
- 2 Phases:
- 1) Prodromal - usually begin w/ this (duration is random)
- 2) Residual - remain in this phase for much of their life
Subtypes of Schizophrenia.
Paranoid: auditory hallucinations, grandiose
Disorganized: inappropriate speech, behavior, & emotion.
Catatonic: immobility, odd movements, & excessive activity.
Undiff: involve a mixture of symptoms not matching the other subtypes.
3 Psychotic Dimensions
1) Psychotic: Positive symptoms, delusions/hallucinations
2) Disorganized: fragmented speech, odd behavior, inappropriateness
3) Negative: flat affect, alogia, avolition
Schizoaffective disorder. Define.
Schizoaffective disorder: features of schizo. & a depressive, manic, or mixed episode.