Electrolyte Imbalances

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Author:
queline
ID:
121678
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Electrolyte Imbalances
Updated:
2012-01-11 11:19:39
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electrolye imbalances Nursing
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Description:
Kozier 2012 pgs 1462-1467
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  1. Usually are accompanied by water imbalances
    Sodium imbalances
  2. Most abdundant cation in ECF
    Sodium
  3. THis is common in acute care settings and is when the serum is <135 mEq/L, results in low serum osmolality
    Hyponatremia
  4. Low levels of sodium
    <135 mEq/L
    Hyponatremia
  5. High levels of Sodium
    >145 mEq/L
    Hypernatremia
  6. What usually protects against hypernatremia?
    thirst mechanism
  7. The following clinical maifestations are for what?
    -lethargy, confusion, apprehension
    -muscle twitching
    -abdominal cramping
    - anorexia, nausea, vomiting
    -Headache
    -seizures, coma
    Hyponatremia
  8. The following clinical manifestations are for what?
    -thirst
    -Dry, sticky mucous membranes
    -Tongue red, dry, and swollen
    -Weakness
    Hypernatremia
  9. The following Clinical Manifestations are for what?
    -Muscle weakness, leg cramps
    -fatigue, lethargy
    -Anorexia, N&V
    -Decreased bowel sounds, decreased bowel motility
    -cardiac dysrythmias
    -depressed deep-tendon reflexes
    -weak, irregular pulses
    Hypokalemia
  10. THe following are clinical manifestations of what?
    -GI hyperactivity, diarrhea
    -irritability, apathy, confusion
    -cardiac dysrythmias or arrest
    -muscle weakness, aflexia
    -decreased heart rate
    -irregular pulse
    -paresthesias and numbness in extremities
    hyperkalemia
  11. The following clinical manifestations are of what?
    - Numbness, tingling of the extremities and around the mouth
    -Muscle tremors, cramos; if severe can progress to tetany and convulsions
    -cardiac dysrhythmias; decreased cardiac output
    -Positive trousseau's and chvostek's signs
    -confusion, anxiety, possible psychoses
    -hyperactive deep-tendon reflexes
    hypocalcemia
  12. The following Clinical manifestations are for what?
    -lethargy, weakness
    -depressed deep-tendon reflexes
    -bone pain
    -anorexia, N&V
    -Constipation
    -Polyuria, hypercalciuria
    -flank pain secondary to urinary calculi
    -dysrhythmias, possible heart block
    Hypercalcemia
  13. The following are al clinical manafestations of what?
    -Neuro muscular irritablilty with tremors
    -increased reflexes, tremors, convulsions
    -positive chvostek's and trousseua's signs
    -tachycardia, elevated BP, dysrhythmias
    -disorientation and confusion
    -anorexia, dysphagia
    -respiratory difficulties
    Hypomagnesemia
  14. THe following clinical manifestations are for what?
    -peripheral vasodilation, flushing
    -N&V
    -Muscle weakness, paralysis
    -hypotension bradycardia
    -lethargy, drowsiness
    -respiratory depression, coma
    -respiratory and cardiac arrestif severe
    hypermagnesemia

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