BiologyReview1

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Author:
HannahD
ID:
121704
Filename:
BiologyReview1
Updated:
2011-12-12 19:07:14
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Biology Review One Respiration Photosynthesis
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A set of biology notes to study
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  1. What is the chemical formula for oxygen?
    O2
  2. What is the chemical formula for glucose?
    C6H12O6
  3. What is the chemical formula for water?
    H2O
  4. What is the chemical equation for photosynthesis?
    6CO2 + 6H2O + sunlight ---> C6H12O6 + 6O2
  5. What is the chemical equation for cell respiration?
    C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---> 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy (ATP)
  6. True or False?
    Anaerobic respiration requires oxygen.
    False
  7. True or False?
    Aerobic respiration requires oxygen.
    True
  8. Photo (define root)
    Light
  9. Synthesis (define)
    To make or build.
  10. Chloroplast
    The organelle where photosynthesis occurs.
  11. Chlorphyll
    • A pigment inside chloroplasts that absorbs sunlight.
    • Gives green leaves their color.
  12. Radiant Energy (define)
    Sunlight
  13. Plants need _____ and produce _____.
    Plants need Carbon Dioxide and produce Oxygen.
  14. Photosynthesis takes place in:
    • Plants
    • Some bacteria
    • Some protists
  15. Chemical Energy (define)
    Energy from food.
  16. Mechanical Energy (define)
    The energy you use to carry out tasks.
  17. Proton (define)
    A packet of light energy transmitted by the sun.
  18. Glucose (define)
    The major product of photosynthesis
  19. Light Reactions (define)
    These reactions have to occur in the presence of sunlight.
  20. Dark Reactions -or- Calvin Cycle (define)
    These reactions can occur in the daytime or nighttime.
  21. Autotroph (define)
    Organisms that make their own food.
  22. Heterotroph (define)
    Organisms that have to obtain energy by consuming other organisms.
  23. Mitochondria
    The organelle found in all eukaryotes that is the site of cellular respiration.
  24. Photosynthesis is important for both plants and animals for the production of _____ and _____.
    Oxygen and glucose.
  25. In eukaryotes, photosynthesis occurs in the _____ of plants.
    Cloroplasts.
  26. In prokaryotes, photosynthesis occurs in the _____ of organisms.
    Cytoplasm.
  27. What does a plant do with the glucose it produces?
    Uses it as energy for growth.
  28. What is the purpose of ATP in cellular respiration?
    To store energy.
  29. Photosynthesis occurs in the _____ of plants.
    Leaves.
  30. How many phosphate groups are found in an ATP molecule?
    • Three
    • (Adenosine TRIphosphate)
  31. How is energy released from ATP?
    By breaking the phosphate bonds.
  32. ATP energy is stored in the __________ of ATP.
    Phosphate Bonds.
  33. Both aerobic and anaerobic respiration begin with a process called _____.
    Glycolysis.
  34. Glycolysis converts _____ to _____.
    Glycolysis converts a glucose molecule to 2 pyruvates.
  35. __________ Fermentation occurs when there is no oxygen to continue aerobic respiration.
    Lactic Acid.
  36. __________ Fermentation occurs in yeast cells and is used to make alcohol.
    Alcoholic.
  37. Respiration occurs in the _____ of all eukaryotic cells.
    Mitochondria.

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