Card Set Information
Biology Review Two Notes Enzymes Macromolecules
A review over macromolecules and enzymes
Give the 2 types of enzymes and their descriptions.
Breakers- break substrates into smaller products
Builders- join subtrates to make a bigger product
Name the four types of macromolecules/biomoleules.
Carbohydrates. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
: short-term energy
: Bread, pasta, etc.
Proteins. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
: Amino Acids
: structural form for things such as hair, nails, skin, etc.
: Chicken, steak, etc.
Lipids. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
: glycerol; fatty acids
: long-term energy
: Saturated and unsaturated fats
Nucleic Acids. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
: carries genetic information
: DNA and RNA
Unsaturated Fats (define)
Fats that remain liquid at room tempurature.
Saturated Fats (define)
Fats that remain solid at room tempurature.
Dehydration Synthesis (define)
Taking away a water molecule so that a new molecule can be made.
Phosphate Group (define)
One of the 3 parts that make up a nucleotide.
These make up the frame of the DNA ladder.
Nitrogen Base (define)
One of the 3 parts of a nucleotide.
These make up the steps of the DNA ladder.
Small subunits which make up large molecules (polymers).
A large molecule made up of monomers.
Active Site (define)
The area on an enzyme that allows the substrate to latch onto the enzyme.
Three parts of a nucleotide
Pentose (Ribose or Deoxyribose) Sugar
The addition of a water molecule to break a molecule apart.
Glucose has a ratio of _____.