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Give the 2 types of enzymes and their descriptions.
- Breakers- break substrates into smaller products
- Builders- join subtrates to make a bigger product
Name the four types of macromolecules/biomoleules.
- Nucleic Acids
Carbohydrates. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
- Monomers: monosaccharides
- Elements: C,H,O
- Funtion: short-term energy
- Ex: Bread, pasta, etc.
Proteins. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
- Monomers: Amino Acids
- Elements: C,H,O,N
- Function: structural form for things such as hair, nails, skin, etc.
- Ex: Chicken, steak, etc.
Lipids. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
- Monomers: glycerol; fatty acids
- Elements: C,H,O
- Function: long-term energy
- Ex: Saturated and unsaturated fats
Nucleic Acids. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
- Monomers: nucleotides
- Elements: C,H,O,N,P
- Function: carries genetic information
- Ex: DNA and RNA
Unsaturated Fats (define)
Fats that remain liquid at room tempurature.
Saturated Fats (define)
Fats that remain solid at room tempurature.
Dehydration Synthesis (define)
Taking away a water molecule so that a new molecule can be made.
Phosphate Group (define)
- One of the 3 parts that make up a nucleotide.
- These make up the frame of the DNA ladder.
Nitrogen Base (define)
- One of the 3 parts of a nucleotide.
- These make up the steps of the DNA ladder.
Small subunits which make up large molecules (polymers).
A large molecule made up of monomers.
Active Site (define)
The area on an enzyme that allows the substrate to latch onto the enzyme.
Three parts of a nucleotide
- Phosphate Group
- Nitrogen Base
- Pentose (Ribose or Deoxyribose) Sugar
The addition of a water molecule to break a molecule apart.
Glucose has a ratio of _____.