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  1. Give the 2 types of enzymes and their descriptions.
    • Breakers- break substrates into smaller products
    • Builders- join subtrates to make a bigger product
  2. Name the four types of macromolecules/biomoleules.
    • Carbohydrates
    • Lipids
    • Proteins
    • Nucleic Acids
  3. Carbohydrates. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
    • Monomers: monosaccharides
    • Elements: C,H,O
    • Funtion: short-term energy
    • Ex: Bread, pasta, etc.
  4. Proteins. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
    • Monomers: Amino Acids
    • Elements: C,H,O,N
    • Function: structural form for things such as hair, nails, skin, etc.
    • Ex: Chicken, steak, etc.
  5. Lipids. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
    • Monomers: glycerol; fatty acids
    • Elements: C,H,O
    • Function: long-term energy
    • Ex: Saturated and unsaturated fats
  6. Nucleic Acids. Give monomers, elements, function(s), and examples.
    • Monomers: nucleotides
    • Elements: C,H,O,N,P
    • Function: carries genetic information
    • Ex: DNA and RNA
  7. Unsaturated Fats (define)
    Fats that remain liquid at room tempurature.
  8. Saturated Fats (define)
    Fats that remain solid at room tempurature.
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    Which macromolecule?
  10. Image Upload
    Which macromolecule?
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    Which macromolecule?
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    Which macromolecule?
    Nucleic Acid
  13. Polysaccharide (define)
    Complex carbohydrate.
  14. Dehydration Synthesis (define)
    Taking away a water molecule so that a new molecule can be made.Image Upload
  15. Phosphate Group (define)
    • One of the 3 parts that make up a nucleotide.
    • These make up the frame of the DNA ladder.
  16. Nitrogen Base (define)
    • One of the 3 parts of a nucleotide.
    • These make up the steps of the DNA ladder.
  17. Monomer (define)
    Small subunits which make up large molecules (polymers).
  18. Polymer (define)
    A large molecule made up of monomers.
  19. Active Site (define)
    The area on an enzyme that allows the substrate to latch onto the enzyme.
  20. Three parts of a nucleotide
    • Phosphate Group
    • Nitrogen Base
    • Pentose (Ribose or Deoxyribose) Sugar

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  21. Hydrolysis (define)
    The addition of a water molecule to break a molecule apart.

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  22. Glucose has a ratio of _____.
Card Set:
2011-12-13 00:23:59
Biology Review Two Notes Enzymes Macromolecules

A review over macromolecules and enzymes
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