Ch 12

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  1. What Does TACOS stand for?
    • Tobacco
    • Alcohol
    • Caffeine
    • Over-the-counter medications/herbal supplements
    • Sexual and street drugs
  2. Descripe OPQRSTI
    • Onset- When did this begin
    • Provokes- Does anything make it better or worse
    • Quality- What is the pain like
    • Radiation- Where does it hurt/does the pain move
    • Severity- On a scale 1-10 Describe
    • Timing- Has this been constant or come and go?
    • Interventions- Have you taken anything to try and make it better
  3. Types of Hepatitis?
    • Hep A- Fecal-Oral, Infected food or drink
    • Hep B- Blood, Sexual contact, Saliva, Breast Milk
    • Hep C- Blood, Sexual Contact
    • Hep D- Blood, Sexual Contact
  4. Exposures
    • 1. The Patients blood is splashed or sprayed into your eyes, nose, or mouth, into cut/sore.
    • 2. You have blood from the infected patient on your hands and then touch your own eyes, nose, mouth.
    • 3. A needle used to inject the patient breaks your skin. Risk is slim but most dangerous.
    • 4. Broken glass at a motor vehicle collision or other incident may penetrate your glove, which could have blood from an infected patient.
  5. Other types of Important Infections
    Hantavirus- rare but deadly virus carried by rodent urine and droppings.

    West Nile Virus- Comes from mosquitos and it affects birds and humans.

    SARS- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome- flulike symptoms, respiratory failure, etc.

    Avian Flu- Bird Flu- cause by birds that naturally occurs in birds.

    H1N1- Swine Flu- Been in animals for years, new to humans.
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Ch 12
2011-12-08 07:22:30
Chapter Twelve

EMS 151
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