CMST 2063 Final Study Guide

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CMST 2063 Final Study Guide
2011-12-08 14:42:06

Based of study guide terms n such
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  1. Warrants
    a general principle or assumption taht establishes a connection between the support and the claim
  2. Authoritative Warrant
    is based on the credibility or trustworthiness of the source
  3. Substantive Warrant
    based on beliefs about reliability of factual evidence (can be proved by research)
  4. Motivational Warrant
    is based on the needs and values of the auidence
  5. Claim
    the conclusion of an argument; what the arguer is trying to prove
  6. Support
    any material that serves to prove an issue or claim; in addition to evidence, it includes appeals to the needs and values of the audience
  7. Backing
    the assurance on whic a warrent or assumption is based
  8. Qualification
    how strongly the piece or argument argue its position, the language use and words used to make the argument more bold or forceful or less certain or more cautious
  9. Inductive reasoning
    the form of reasoning in which we come to conclusions about the whole on the basis or observations of paticular instances
  10. Inductive leap
    reasoning from what you have learned about a few examples to what you think is true of a whole class of things
  11. Deductive reasoning
    reasoning by which we stablish that a conclusion must be true because the statements on which it is based are true
  12. Generalization
  13. Syllogism
    a formula of deductive argument consisting of three propositions: a major premise, a minor premise, and a coclusion.
  14. Enthymeme
    when only two parts of the syllogism appear
  15. Emotive Language
    language that espresses and arouses emotions
  16. Denotative Meaning
  17. Connotation
    the overtones that adher to a word through long usage
  18. Euphemism
    a pleasant or flattering expression used in place of one that is less agreeable but possibly more accurate
  19. Slanting
    selecting facts or words with connotations that favor the arguer's bias and discredit alternatives
  20. Picturesque Language
    words that produce images in the minds of the audience
  21. Concrete Language
    language that describes specific, generally obsersable, persons, places, or things
  22. Abstract Language
    language expressing a quality apart from a specifie object or event
  23. Short-cut Language
    Cliches, Slogans
  24. Cliches
    a worn-out expression or idea, no longer capable of producing a visual image or provoking thought about a subject
  25. Slogans
    an attention-getting expression used largely in politics or advertising to promote support of a cause or product
  26. Ethos
    the qualities of character, intelligence and goodwill in an arguer that contribute to an audience's acceptance of the claim
  27. How does a speaker establish credibility?
    credibility is the audience's believe in the arguer's trustworthniess. The speaker establishes this by establishign a postiv ethos
  28. Factual support
    support consisting of data that are considered objective verifiable by the audience. (nonartistic proof)
  29. Need and value based support (artistic proof)
    • need according to the hieracy of Abraham maslow, what every is required wheater psychological or physiologogical for the survival and welfare of a human being
    • Values are conception or ideas that act as standards for judging what is right or wrong, worthwile or worthless etc