Uses of Carbon Compounds

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Anonymous
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121847
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Uses of Carbon Compounds
Updated:
2011-12-08 10:19:45
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Uses Carbon Compounds Chemistry
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Description:
Higher Chemistry - Unit Two - Uses of Carbon Compounds
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  1. What are the two competing demands for carbon compounds?
    • For use as:
    • fuels
    • feedstocks for other industries
  2. What are esters used for?
    • Solvents
    • Perfumes
    • Flavourings
  3. What are carboxylic acids used for?
    • Preservatives
    • Plastic in paint
    • Polyesters
  4. What is a halogenoalkane?
    A compound in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms in a alkane has been replaced by a halogen atom
  5. Give an example of a halogenoalkane
    Chlorofluorocarbons
  6. What properties of CFCs make them useful in a variety of consumer products?
    • They are:
    • unreactive
    • low flammability
    • low toxicity
  7. What are some everyday uses of CFCs?
    • As propellants in an aerosol can
    • As refrigerants in refridgerators and air conditioning units
    • As blowing agents
    • As cleaning solvents
  8. What is the molecular formula for Ozone?
    O3
  9. What does the ozone protect us from?
    UV radiation
  10. What does releasing too many CFCs into the air do?
    Destroys the ozone layers and hence increases UV radiation reaching the Earth
  11. What are three uses of aromatic compounds?
    • TNT
    • Aspirin
    • Soapless detergent
    • Insecticides
    • Dyestuffs

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