HUN Exam4 Alcohol

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Author:
bkheath
ID:
121894
Filename:
HUN Exam4 Alcohol
Updated:
2011-12-08 14:10:36
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HUN Exam4 Alcohol
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HUN Exam4 Alcohol
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  1. One serving of alcohol:
    ___ oz beer
    ___ oz wine cooler
    ___ 80 proof liquor
    • 12
    • 10
    • 1.5
  2. How is alcohol absorbed in the body?
    Simple diffusion along entire GI tract
  3. ___% absorbed in stomach
    ___% metabolized in ___
    ___% excreted in urine
    remainder is elimated via ___
    • 20
    • 90
    • 5
    • lungs
  4. 2 primary pathways of alcohol metabolism
    • Cytosolic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH): brks down small amts of alcohol in liver
    • Microsomal ethanol oxidizing system (MEOS): brks down lrg amts of alcohol
  5. Alcohol is also digested by colonic bacteria, and when alcohol is broken down by ADH, ____ is formed, which is a toxic compound that can have adverse effects on colonic mucosa and liver
    acetaldehyde
  6. Women can tolerate less b/c have less body water as well as lower ___
    stomach ADH activity
  7. Physiologically, alcohol metabolism can be unfavorable b/c it promotes ___, and the MEOS pathway causes ____
    • fat synthesis
    • generation of reactive oxygen species (free radicals)
  8. Alcocholism interferes with nurtient absorption, storage, metabolism, and excretion. Specifically causes vitamin __(3) deficiencies
    Vit B6, folate, thiamin
  9. A thiamin deficiency related to alcohol can cause ____
    Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
  10. Liver damage from alcohol includes (3)
    fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, cirrhosis
  11. Benefits of moderate drinking include reduced risk of ___ and ___, esp with a combo of alcohol and ___ (__)
    • heart disease, stroke
    • phytochemicals, phenols

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