Fall Final Review

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mmbarton
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Fall Final Review
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2011-12-10 06:39:24
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Fall Final Review Chapters 1-9
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  1. A possible explanation or answer to a question is a
    a. fact.
    b. law.
    c. synopsis.
    d hypothesis.
    hypothesis.
  2. Scientists may do
    a controlled experiment to

    a. ask a question.
    b. test a hypothesis.
    c. communicate results.
    d. simplify data.
    b. test a hypothesis.
  3. Scientists begin to learn about the natural world by
    A.summarizing research
    B.forming expectations.
    C.asking questions
    D.accepting investigation results.
    C.asking questions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. An investigation may continue after results are accepted if there is
    A.a closed case.
    B.a repeated question.
    C.outdated evidence.
    D.new evidence.
    D.new evidence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. What order do the steps of a scientific method follow?
    A.alphabetical order
    B.They do not follow a set order.
    C.chronological order
    D.numerical order
    B.They do not follow a set order.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Scientists form a hypothesis when they
    A.prove a theory.
    B.analyze data.
    C.investigate a question.
    D.change data.
    C.investigate a question.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. What model is used to show objects that are too small or too large to see completely?
    A.a climate model
    B.a conceptual model
    C.a mathematical model
    D.a physical model
    D.a physical model
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The data in a climate model has
    A.few variables.
    B.many variables.
    C.a small margin of error.
    D.a large margin of error.
    B.many variables.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. To learn from a model, a scientist must
    A.measure the model.
    B.choose the right model.
    C.visualize the model.
    D.take apart the model.
    B.choose the right model.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. The volume of a liquid is often given in
    A.meters.
    B.centimeters.
    C.square units.
    D.liters.
    D.liters.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. A scientist finds a vase that she believes is 2,000 years old. She compares its features to those of similar vases in a museum. She is
    A.testing a hypothesis.
    B.asking a question.
    C.forming a hypothesis.
    D.drawing conclusions.
    A.testing a hypothesis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. If you wanted to learn about plants and animals that live in the ocean, you would speak to a
    A.physical oceanographer.
    B.biological oceanographer.
    C.chemical oceanographer.
    D.geological oceanographer.
    B.biological oceanographer.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. What kind of model is a miniature space shuttle?

    a. a physical model

    b. a conceptual model

    c. an astronomical model

    d. a mathematical model
    a. a physical model
  14. How is a climate model an example of a complex mathematical model?

    a. Its data can be processed by using equations with few variables.

    b. Its variables are based on a system of ideas.

    c. It has many variables that must be processed by computers.

    d. It allows you to calculate simple measurements.
    c. It has many variables that must be processed by computers.
  15. Why is it important for members of the scientific community to learn the results of an investigation?

    a. They can make scientific laws based on new discoveries.

    b. They can include the information in science textbooks.

    c. They can honor scientists for their achievements.

    d. They can review evidence to further investigate the truth.
    d. They can review evidence to further investigate the truth.
  16. If you wanted to learn about the origin, history, and structure of the Earth, you would study

    a. meteorology.

    b. geology.

    c.astronomy.



    geology.

    d. oceanography.
    b. geology.
  17. Which unit would be most appropriate for measuring the mass of a cow?

    a. a kilogram

    b. a meter

    c. a cubic meter

    d. a gram
    a. a kilogram
  18. What step is the beginning of the process that scientists use to learn more about the natural world?

    a. drawing conclusions

    b. analyzing data

    c. communicating results

    d. asking questions
    d. asking questions
  19. An explanation that ties together many hypothesis and explanations is called a(n)

    a. model.

    b. concept.

    c. theory.

    d. investigation.
    c. theory.
  20. A safety symbol that shows a picture of a bottle reminds you to

    a. wear goggles during a science investigation.

    b. use chemicals safely.

    c. be careful when handling scissors.

    d. use a lot of water during a science investigation.
    b. use chemicals safely.
  21. To find the area of a surface, you

    a. use a thermometer.

    b. multiply length times width times height.

    c. divide mass by volume.

    d. multiply length times width.
    d. multiply length times width.
  22. A scientific theory

    a. is often used to explain scientific models.

    b. is a single hypothesis.

    c. ties together many hypotheses and observations.

    d. is not useful in predicting the future.
    c. ties together many hypotheses and observations.
  23. The International System of Units allows scientists to

    a. share data around the world.

    b. translate data into English.

    c. note data in multiples of five.

    d. base data on many variables.
    a. share data around the world.
  24. Visual aids in your textbook that alert you to use caution during science investigations are called

    a. chemical symbols.

    b. safety symbols.

    c. hazard signs.

    d. red flags.
    b. safety symbols.
  25. What do astronomers study?

    a. bodies in space

    b. elements in fossils

    c. bacteria in water

    d. weather on Earth
    a. bodies in space
  26. What steps do scientists use to answer questions and solve problems?

    a. scientific methods

    b. chemical formulas

    c. data analyses

    d. experiment outlines
    a. scientific methods
  27. What do scientists use to show or describe how something works?

    a. a model

    b. a question

    c. a debate theory

    d. an inquiry
    b. a question
  28. What do scientists find out when they draw conclusions?

    a. if the data are correct

    b. if their questions are useful

    c. if their results support their hypotheses

    d. if other scientists agree with them
    c. if their results support their hypotheses
  29. What do scientists do after learning the results of an investigation?

    a. They all agree with the results.

    b. They review evidence.

    c. They all disagree with the results.

    d. They draw the same conclusions.
    b. They review evidence.
  30. What model can be used for objects that are hard to see completely?

    a. a physical model

    b. a mathematical model

    c. a telescopic model

    d. a conceptual model
    a. a physical model
  31. Why must computers process data from climate models?

    a. The models are on a disk.



    c. The models have many pages.

    b. The models have numbers.

    d. The models have many variables.
    d. The models have many variables.
  32. What should you do before you start any scientific investigation?

    a. note safety information

    b. collect data

    c. answer questions

    d. predict results
    a. note safety information
  33. What is the measure of how much surface an object has?

    a. mass

    b. volume

    c. region

    b. volume

    d. area
    d. area
  34. Which of the following places would NOT be useful as a reference point?

    a. 123 Elm Street

    b. Boise, Idaho

    c. the mountains

    d. Johnny’s Country Store
    c. the mountains
  35. Which of the following is NOT a method of remote sensing?

    a.
    determining your distance from Chicago using GPS

    b. measuring the depth of the ocean by using sound waves from a ship

    c. measuring the length of a trail by hiking on it

    d. using a satellite to photograph a city
    c. the mountains
  36. Which of the following connects points of equal elevation?

    a. contour line

    b. legend

    c. distortion

    d. latitude
    a. contour line
  37. What color is normally used to indicate contour lines on a topographical map?

    a. black

    b. brown

    c. pink

    b. brown

    d. blue
    b. brown
  38. Which direction does a compass needle point?

    a. towards the prime meridian

    b. towards the magnetic north pole

    c. along the Earth’s axis

    d. towards true north
    b. towards the magnetic north pole
  39. A method of sending energy waves from a satellite to an area of Earth being observed is

    a. conic projection.

    b. GPS.

    c. radar.

    d. navigation.
    c. radar.
  40. On a topographic map, what is used to show elevation?

    a. relief

    b. contour lines

    c. blue lines

    d. an open circle
    b. contour lines
  41. Which of the following is generally NOT included on a map?

    a. legend

    b. artist

    c. title

    d. date
    b. artist
  42. Since Greenwich, England is on the prime meridian, which of the following is a line of longitude closest to New York City?

    a. 45° N

    b. 70° E

    c. 30° S

    d. 90° W
    d. 90° W
  43. Which type of map would give you the best estimate of the distance between Atlanta, Georgia and Knoxville, Tennessee?

    a. conic projection

    b. cylindrical projection

    c. azimuthal projection

    b. cylindrical projection

    d. equal-area projection
    d. equal-area projection
  44. If a topographic map included a 6,000 ft. mountain next to an area of low hills, which would best describe the contour lines on the map?

    a. The contour lines would be dark blue.

    b. The contour lines around the mountain would be very close together.

    c. The contour lines would cross near the top of the mountain.

    d. The contour lines around the rolling hills would be very close together.
    b. The contour lines around the mountain would be very close together.
  45. What is a model of the Earth’s surface?

    a. a landmark

    b. a map

    c. a sphere

    b. a map

    d. a circumference
    b. a map
  46. What is used to find true north on a compass?

    a. equator

    b. prime meridian

    c. magnetic declination

    d. cardinal directions
    c. magnetic declination
  47. What would you see on a topographical map?

    a. stars

    b. lines of latitude

    c. roads

    d. conic projection
    c. roads
  48. In addition to reclamation, a good way to reduce the environmental effects of mining is to

    a. recycle mineral products.

    b. dig deeper mines.

    c. use more metals.

    d. flush mines with water.
    a. recycle mineral products.
  49. Which of the following is NOT a class of nonsilicate minerals?

    a. oxides

    b. micas

    c. carbonates

    d. native elements
    b. micas
  50. What is a mineral deposit that is large and pure enough to be mined called?

    a. gemstone

    b. ore

    c.pluton

    d. pegmatite
    b. ore
  51. What is the name for nonmetallic minerals that are values for their beauty and rarity rather than their usefulness?

    a. plutons

    b. gemstones

    c. ores

    d. pegmatites
    b. gemstones
  52. The potentially harmful effects of mining can be reduced by

    a. reclamation of the land.

    b. strip mining.

    c. using more metals.

    d. flushing mines with water.
    a. reclamation of the land.
  53. Besides air and water, what can change the color of a mineral?

    a. pyrite

    b.location

    c. streak

    d. impurities
    d. impurities
  54. Which of the following is NOT a type of luster?

    a. nonmetallic

    b. submetallic

    c. supermetallic

    d. metallic
    d. metallic
  55. Which of the following rocks is not normally used as a construction material?

    a. marble

    b. halite

    c.limestone

    d. granite
    b. halite
  56. Which of the following processes changes rock on Earth’s surface?

    a. metamorphism

    b.erosion

    c. compaction

    d. cementation
    d. cementation
  57. Scientists classify rocks

    a. by composition and texture.

    b. by volume.

    c. by mass.

    d. by color and size.
  58. What kind of texture does igneous rock have when magma cools slowly?

    a. coarse-grained

    b. large-grained

    c. fine-grained

    d. medium-grained
    a. coarse-grained
  59. What kind of texture does igneous rock have when magma cools rapidly?

    a. coarse-grained

    b. medium-grained

    c. large-grained

    d. fine-grained
    d. fine-grained
  60. What kind of sedimentary rock can be cemented together by calcite or quartz?

    a. organic

    b. stratified

    c.chemical

    d. clastic
    d. clastic
  61. What kind of sedimentary rock is made from dissolved minerals?

    a. organic

    b. chemical

    c.stratified

    d. clastic
    b. chemical
  62. What kind of sedimentary rock is made from fossils?

    a. organic

    b. stratified

    c. chemical

    d. clastic
    a. organic
  63. How did humans use rocks in the past?

    a. to play sports

    b. to tell time

    c. to write

    d. to make tools
    d. to make tools
  64. Which of the following does NOT cause magma to form?

    a. an increase in pressure on rock

    b. a rise in temperature in rock

    c. a change in composition in rock

    d. a decrease in pressure on rock
    a. an increase in pressure on rock
  65. Sedimentary rock is formed through the process of

    a. cementation

    b. stratification.

    c. erosion.

    d. foliation.
    a. cementation
  66. When magma cools quickly, what kind of texture does rock have?

    a. coarse-grained

    b. large-grained

    c. medium-grained

    d. fine-grained
    d. fine-grained
  67. What do scientists call the rock that is formed when magma cools below the Earth’s surface?

    a. extrusive igneous rock

    b. intrusive igneous rock

    c. eruptive rock

    d. volcanic rock
    b. intrusive igneous rock
  68. The process in which rocks change shape is called

    a. deformation.

    b. deposition.

    c. composition.

    d. foliation.
    a. deformation.
  69. Which of the following is a coarse-grained igneous rock?

    a. shale

    b. marble

    c. granite

    d. gneiss
    c. granite
  70. What is the grain of igneous rock formed when magma cools quickly?

    a. fine-grained

    b. large-grained

    c. medium-grained

    d. coarse-grained
    a. fine-grained
  71. How does clastic sedimentary rock begin?

    A.as animal remains
    B.as fragments of rock
    C.as magma
    D.as plant remains
    B.as fragments of rock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. What do bends or folds in rocks show?
    A.They have cooled rapidly
    B.They have cooled slowly.
    C.They have been deformed.
    D.They have been weathered.
    C.They have been deformed.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. What occurs when temperature and pressure inside the Earth’s crust change?
    A.stratification
    B.deposition
    C.metamorphism
    D.deformation
    C.metamorphism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. What is one way that magma forms?
    A.when rock is cemented
    B.when rock is cooled
    C.when rock is heated
    D.when rock is weathered
    C.when rock is heated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. What forces change a sedimentary rock into a metamorphic rock?

    A.cooling
    B.heat and pressure
    C.weathering and erosion
    D.melting
    B.heat and pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. What does all igneous rock begin as?

    A.magma
    B.crystals
    C.mud cracks
    D.fissures
    A.magma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. What can some organic sedimentary rocks can be made of?

    A.seaweed
    B.fossils
    C.insects
    D.living plants
    B.fossils
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. Besides heat, what else causes a rock to undergo metamorphism?

    A.pressure
    B.melting
    C.cooling rate
    D.weathering
    A.pressure
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. If oceans become so polluted that corals are unable to form, what rock would not be able to form?

    A.sedimentary rock
    B.chemical rock
    C.organic sedimentary rock
    D.clastic rock
    C.organic sedimentary rock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. Which of the following describes the process by which sediment drops and comes to rest?

    a.erosionc.
    b.deposition
    cementation
    d.melting
    b.deposition
  81. Petroleum and natural gas form mainly from

    A.mineral deposits.
    B.decayed sea organisms
    C.decayed swamp plants.
    D.the remains of land animals.
    B.decayed sea organisms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. Which of the following is NOT a problem associated with fossil fuel use?

    A.radioactive spillage
    B.smog
    C.acid precipitation
    D.loss of animal habitats
    A.radioactive spillage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. What is the term for two or more nuclei joining together to form a new nucleus?

    A.combining
    B.fusion
    C.fission
    D.splitting
    B.fusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. Natural vents that discharge steam or water from Earth are called

    A.geysers.
    B.hot springs.
    C.geotherms.
    D.magma.
    A.geysers.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. The use of solar energy systems is limited by

    A.low availability of energy.
    B.production of toxic wastes.
    C.the high cost of equipment.
    D.need for pollution controls.
    C.the high cost of equipment.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. The energy contained in fossil fuels originally came from

    A.the sun.
    B.the compression of fuel.
    C.pressurization.
    D.heat from the center of Earth.
    A.the sun.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. Strip mining is used

    A.in order to protect the environment.
    B.to mine shallow coal deposits.
    C.when coal is found deep in Earth.
    D.to limit the use of explosives.
    B.to mine shallow coal deposits.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. Which of the following did NOT come from once-living organisms?

    A.uranium
    B.crude oil
    C.charcoal
    D.gasohol
    A.uranium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. Which of the following is a nonrenewable resource?

    A.wind
    B.natural gas
    C.fresh water
    D.trees
    B.natural gas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. What is reusing waste or scrap materials called?

    A.reducing
    B.refreshing
    C.resourcing
    D.recycling
    D.recycling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. What do petroleum and natural gas mostly form from?

    A.the remains of sea organisms
    B.the remains of land animals
    C.the remains of burned-out forests
    D.the remains of swamp plants
    A.the remains of sea organisms
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. Which of the following is NOT a stage of coal formation?

    A.hematite
    B.anthracite
    C.lignite
    D.peat
    A.hematite
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. What is the splitting the nuclei of a radioactive atom called?

    A.fission
    B.atom splitting
    C.atom splicing
    D.fusion
    A.fission
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. What is the joining of two or more nuclei to form a larger nucleus?

    A.atom splicing
    B.atom splitting
    C.fission
    D.fusion
    D.fusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. What is a volcanic eruption caused by?

    A.chemical energy
    B.solar energy
    C.geothermal energy
    D.fusion
    C.geothermal energy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. Which of the following events would be a catastrophe?

    A.gradual erosion
    B.deposition
    C.an average rainfall
    D.an asteroid hitting the earth
    D.an asteroid hitting the earth
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. What kind of scientist studies the history of plants and animals?

    A.a botanist
    B.a geologist
    C.a chemist
    D.a paleontologist
    D.a paleontologist
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. What is the most common type of unconformity?

    A.a fault
    B.a disconformity
    C.a nonconformity
    D.an angular unconformity
    B.a disconformity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. Which of the following are isotopes?

    A.atoms with the same number of electrons
    B.atoms with the same number of protons and neutrons
    C.atoms with the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons
    D.atoms with the same number of neutrons
    C.atoms with the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. Which of the following is an example of a trace fossil?

    A.a frozen mammoth
    B.mold and cast
    C.hardened tree sap
    D.preserved footprints
    D.preserved footprints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. During which era did birds and small mammals begin to evolve?

    A.Paleozoic
    B.Cenozoic
    C.Jurassic
    D.Mesozoic
    D.Mesozoic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  102. Which era are we in now?

    A.Paleozoic
    B.Cenozoic
    C.Jurassic
    D.Mesozoic
    B.Cenozoic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  103. What does the rock and fossil record represent?

    A.the Age of Reptiles
    B.geologic time
    C.index fossils
    D.the Age of Mammals
    B.geologic time
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  104. Which of the following is the largest division of geologic time?
    A.eon
    B.era
    C.epoch
    D.period
    A.eon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  105. Erosion is one of the major causes of the missing rock layers, known as

    A.tilting.
    B.superposition.
    C.the geologic column.
    D.unconformities.
    D.unconformities.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. A fossil used to date surrounding rock layers is called a(n)

    A.mold.
    B.index fossil.
    C.trace fossil.
    D.cast.
    C.trace fossil.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. To determine the most accurate and precise age of Earth’s oldest rocks, geologists would use

    A.index fossils.
    B.the uranium-lead
    C.the carbon-14 method.method.
    D.relative dating.
    C.the carbon-14 method.method.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. Which of the following is a trace fossil?

    A.a mosquito trapped in amber
    B.a mummified plant seed
    C.a frozen woolly mammoth
    D.a mark left by a dinosaur’s tail
    D.a mark left by a dinosaur’s tail
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. How many years of the history of Earth do geologists study?

    A.2.5 million years
    B.1,000 years
    C.5,000 years
    D.4.6 billion years
    D.4.6 billion years
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. The phrase “younger over older” could be used to remember the principle of

    A.geologic columns.
    B.unconformities.
    C.superposition.
    D.absolute dating.
    C.superposition.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. What is tilting?

    A.an intrusion
    B.folding of rock layers
    C.slanting of rock layers
    D.a form of erosion
    C.slanting of rock layers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  112. Which word best describes the geologic column?

    A.ideal
    B.relative
    C.complete
    D.absolute
    A.ideal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. What does a scientist need to know to figure out the absolute age of a rock?

    A.the rate of decay for all elements in the rock
    B.the rate of decay for a radioactive element in the rock
    C.the half-life of a radioactive sample
    D.the rate of decays of the rock’s half-life
    B.the rate of decay for a radioactive element in the rock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. What happens during radioactive decay?

    A.Isotopes become radioactive.
    B.Stable isotopes become unstable isotopes.
    C.Radioactive isotopes break down into stable isotopes of other elements.
    D.Radioactive isotopes break down into unstable isotopes.
    C.Radioactive isotopes break down into stable isotopes of other elements.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  115. What can animal tracks tell about the animal that left them?

    A.how big it was
    B.its mating habits
    C.its color
    D.what the animal ate
    A.how big it was
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  116. What can a scientist learn from studying the relationships between fossils?

    A.how paleontology has changed
    B.how the geologic column has changed
    C.how science has changed
    D.how life has changed
    D.how life has changed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  117. What would geologists use to determine the most accurate and precise age of Earth’s oldest rocks?

    A.the uranium-lead method
    B.index fossils
    C.the carbon-14 method
    D.relative dating
    A.the uranium-lead method
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  118. Which of these is a trace fossil?

    A.a mummified plant seed
    B.a mark left by a dinosaur’s tail
    C.a mosquito trapped in amber
    D.a frozen woolly mammoth
    B.a mark left by a dinosaur’s tail
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  119. What process compares one rock layer with others in a sequence?

    A.radiometric dating
    B.relative dating
    C.radioactive decay
    D.absolute dating
    B.relative dating
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  120. What is it called when an area is worn down by water, wind, or other elements?

    A.folding
    B.erosion
    C.faulting
    D.tilting
    B.erosion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  121. What do scientists know about an undisturbed sequence of rocks?

    A.Younger rocks are under older rocks.
    B.Older rocks are on top of younger rocks.
    C.Younger rocks are on top of older rocks.
    D.Older rocks have eroded away.
    C.Younger rocks are on top of older rocks.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  122. Where are most fossils preserved?

    A.in ice
    B.in sedimentary rock
    C.in amber
    D.in asphalt
    B.in sedimentary rock
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  123. Why is the fossil record incomplete?

    A.Most organisms have soft body parts.
    B.There isn’t enough amber.
    C.Most organisms never became fossils.
    D.Scientists don’t like to work on it.
    C.Most organisms never became fossils.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  124. As long as a sequence of rock layers is undisturbed, what can scientists know about it for certain?

    A.Younger rocks are on top of the sequence.
    B.No one has been there before.
    C.All of the rocks are the same age.
    D.Older rocks are on top of the sequence.
    A.Younger rocks are on top of the sequence.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  125. What is the most common type of unconformity?

    A.angular nonconformity
    B.disconformity
    C.superposition
    D.nonconformity
    B.disconformity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  126. Which method is most useful in dating plant and animal remains?

    A.potassium-argon
    B.uranium-lead
    C.rubidium-strontium
    D.carbon-14
    D.carbon-14
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  127. Which part of an animal is more commonly preserved?

    A.the shell or bones
    B.the organs
    C.the eyes
    D.the soft parts
    A.the shell or bones
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  128. Which of the following can scientists NOT interpret by examining fossils?

    A.the age of certain layers of rocks
    B.how Earth’s environment has changed over time
    C.how plants and animals have changed over time
    D.how the pull of gravity has changed
    D.how the pull of gravity has changed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  129. Wegener thought that all the continents were once together in one large continent called

    a.Gondwana.
    .b.Laurasia.
    c.Eurasia
    d.Pangaea.
    d.Pangaea.
  130. The global positioning system can map the rate of tectonic plate movement using

    A.radio waves.
    B.lasers.
    C.motion detectors.
    D.visual markers.
    A.radio waves.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  131. A possible result of plates moving along a transform boundary is

    A.earthquakes.
    B.sea-floor spreading
    C.convection.
    D.oceans.
    A.earthquakes.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  132. What is the outermost layer of the Earth called?

    A.lithosphere
    B.asthenosphere
    C.mesosphere
    D.core
    A.lithosphere
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  133. What is the liquid layer of the Earth’s core called?

    A.inner core
    B.outer core
    C.lithosphere
    D.mesosphere
    B.outer core
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  134. In a reverse fault, where does the hanging wall move relative to the footwall?

    A.downward
    B.upward
    C.horizontally
    D.stays the same
    B.upward
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  135. In a normal fault, where does the hanging wall move relative to the footwall?

    A.downward
    B.upward
    C.stays the same
    D.horizontally
    A.downward
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  136. What type of boundary is formed when plates separate?

    A.convergent
    B.divergent
    C.transform
    D.horizontal
    B.divergent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  137. Where does sea-floor spreading take place?

    A.mid-ocean ridges
    B.oceanic volcanoes
    C.convergent boundaries
    D.transform boundaries
    A.mid-ocean ridges
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  138. The core consists mainly of

    A.iron.
    B.magnesium.
    C.oxygen.
    D.silicon.
    A.iron.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  139. Seismic waves travel through Earth’s layers at different speeds depending on the

    A.density.
    B.mass.
    C.shape.
    D.area.
    A.density.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  140. The fact that similar fossils are found on both sides of the ocean is evidence of

    a.global positioning.
    b.magnetic reversal.
    c.continental drift.
    d.oceanic drifts.
  141. What do scientists use the global positioning system for?

    A.to locate fossils
    B.to make images of tectonic plates
    C.to measure the Earth’s thickness
    D.to measure tectonic plate motion
    D.to measure tectonic plate motion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  142. What is compression?

    A.stress releasing an object
    B.stress pulling an object
    C.stress breaking an object
    D.stress squeezing an object
    D.stress squeezing an object
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  143. What is the idea that all continents were part of one big landmass?

    A.continental theory
    B.continental drift
    C.oceanic drift
    D.oceanic theory
    B.continental drift
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  144. What is it called when Earth’s magnetic poles change places?

    A.continental drift
    B.a strike-slip fault
    C.magnetic reversal
    D.sea-floor spreading
    C.magnetic reversal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  145. Tectonic plates “float” on

    A.the ocean.
    B.the asthenosphere.
    C.the lithosphere.
    D.the mantle.
    B.the asthenosphere.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  146. The giant continent which was composed of all the land on Earth was called

    A.Pangaea.
    B.Laurasia.
    C.Panthalassa.
    D.Gondwana.
    A.Pangaea.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  147. Magnetic reversals are preserved in

    A.magnetic minerals.
    B.continental crust.
    C.all minerals.
    D.compass needles.
    A.magnetic minerals.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  148. Continental-oceanic collisions can also be called

    A.subduction zones.
    B.continental-continental collisions.
    C.oceanic-oceanic collisions.
    D.divergent boundaries.
    A.subduction zones.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  149. Mid-ocean ridges are the most common type of

    a.continental-continental collision.
    .b.oceanic-oceanic collision.
    c.divergent boundary
    d.subduction zone.
    c.divergent boundary
  150. Changes in density in the asthenosphere are caused by

    A.slab pull.
    B.seismic waves.
    C.ridge push.
    D.thermal energy.
    D.thermal energy.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  151. The Global Positioning System depends on

    A.the Internet.
    B.visual observations.
    C.gravity.
    D.satellites.
    D.satellites.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  152. The amount of force per unit area on a given material is

    A.deformation.
    B.subsidence.
    C.stress.
    D.uplift.
    C.stress.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  153. The San Andreas Fault is an example of a

    A.normal fault.
    B.strike-slip fault.
    C.divergent plate boundary.
    D.reverse fault.
    B.strike-slip fault.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  154. Most earthquakes happen at the edges of

    a.tectonic plates.
    b.elastic deformations.
    c.earthquake zones.
    d.shear waves.
  155. A break in Earth’s crust along which blocks of crust slide relative to one another is

    A.a deformation.
    B.a plate.
    C.a fault.
    D.an earthquake.
    C.a fault.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  156. Which of the following is a type of body wave?

    A.shear wave
    B.transform wave
    C.reverse wave
    D.surface wave
    A.shear wave
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  157. What is the best thing to do if you are inside when an earthquake begins?

    A.store food and water
    B.drive away in your car
    C.crouch under a table or desk
    D.run outside
    C.crouch under a table or desk
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  158. When should you return to your home after an earthquake?

    A.as soon as the shaking stops
    B.when the aftershocks begin
    C.when someone in authority tells you to
    D.when you get hungry
    C.when someone in authority tells you to
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  159. What kind of deformation leads to earthquakes?

    A.shear deformation
    B.elastic deformation
    C.convergent deformation
    D.plastic deformation
    B.elastic deformation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  160. The waves of energy from earthquakes that travel through Earth are called

    A.gap waves.
    B.seismic waves.
    C.earthquake waves.
    D.transform waves
    B.seismic waves.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  161. The strength of an earthquake is determined by the

    A.gap hypothesis.
    B.type of fault on which it occurs.
    C.amount of damage it causes.
    D.amount of ground motion.
    D.amount of ground motion.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  162. The intensity of an earthquake is partially determined by the

    A.gap hypothesis.
    B.amount of ground motion
    C.amount of damage it causes.
    D.type of fault on which it occurs.
    B.amount of ground motion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  163. Which of the following is NOT a kind of technology used to construct earthquake-resistant buildings?

    A.mass damper
    B.base isolator
    C.cross brace
    D.tectonic plate
    D.tectonic plate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  164. During an earthquake, people inside buildings should

    A.open all windows.
    B.get under a strong piece of furniture.
    C.stay standing.
    D.move to an outside wall.
    B.get under a strong piece of furniture.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  165. Which seismic waves do the greatest damage?

    A.P waves
    B.S waves
    C.body waves
    D.surface waves
    D.surface waves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  166. What is the science in which earthquakes are studied called?

    A.seismology
    B.tectonics
    C.earthquake science
    D.wave science
    A.seismology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  167. What do seismologists use to determine when an earthquake started?

    A.a focus
    B.an intensity scale
    C.a seismogram
    D.an epicenter
    C.a seismogram
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  168. What do seismologists use to measure earthquake strength?

    A.Richter magnitude scale
    B.S-P Time Scale
    C.Earthquake Zone Scale
    D.Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale
    A.Richter magnitude scale
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  169. What is the degree to which people feel an earthquake and how much damage it causes called?

    A.richter
    B.magnitude
    C.intensity
    D.frequency
    C.intensity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  170. What is the measurement of how likely an area is to have damaging earthquakes called?

    A.earthquake frequency
    B.earthquake hazard
    C.gap hypothesis
    D.seismic gap
    C.gap hypothesis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  171. What should you do if you are indoors when an earthquake strikes?

    A.lie under a table
    B.go outside immediately
    C.stand near a door
    D.turn on a radio
    A.lie under a table
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  172. Which of the following best describes subduction?

    A.movement of tectonic plates away from each other
    B.movement of one tectonic plate under another
    C.side-by-side movement of two tectonic plates
    D.movement of one tectonic plate against another
    C.side-by-side movement of two tectonic plates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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