BIOL 223 Final-Deck 1

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Author:
christophertkennedy
ID:
121939
Filename:
BIOL 223 Final-Deck 1
Updated:
2011-12-08 16:42:44
Tags:
anatomy physiology BIOL 223
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Description:
Study Cards for the Final Exam BIOL 223 CSN
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  1. Define anatomy.
    the study of structures and names of body parts
  2. The study of how the body performs vital functions is known as:
    physiology
  3. List the three major functions of the integumentary system.
    • physical protection
    • temperature regulation
    • collect sensory information
  4. List the three major functions of the muscular system.
    • physical protection
    • movement
    • heat production
  5. List the five major functions of the skeletal system.
    • structure
    • protection
    • blood production
    • movement
    • mineral storage
  6. List the four major functions of the nervous system.
    • control all other systems
    • interpret sensory information
    • issue commands and responses
    • higher order brain function
  7. List the four major functions of the respiratory system.
    • respiration - exchange of gases
    • speech/vocalization
    • condition the air we breath in
    • regulate pH
  8. What is the primary function of the endocrine system?
    hormone production
  9. List the two major functions of the cardiovascular system.
    • transportation of gases and nutrients
    • distribution of heat
  10. What are the two major functions of the digestive system?
    • mechanical and chemical breakdown of food
    • waste elimination
  11. List the four major functions of the urinary system
    • blood filtration
    • maintain water balance
    • pH balance
    • regulate blood pressure
  12. List the three major functions of the male reproductive system.
    • production of sperm
    • hormone production
    • sexual reproduction
  13. List the six major functions of the female reproductive system.
    • oocyte production
    • hormone production
    • sexual reproduction
    • embryo support
    • childbirth
    • lactation
  14. What is the primary function of the lymph system?
    to combat pathogens
  15. The tendency of a system to maintain internal stability is known as:
    homeostasis
  16. When the response is opposite the initial change in homeostasis, it is said to be _______ feedback.
    negative
  17. When the response enhances the initial change to homeostasis, it is said to be _______ feedback.
    positive
  18. The upper three anatomical regions are the:
    • left hypochondriac
    • epigastric
    • right hypochondriac
  19. The middle three (horizontally) anatomical regions are the:
    • left lumbar
    • umbillical
    • right lumbar
  20. The lower three anatomical regions are the:
    • left inguinal
    • pubic
    • right inguinal
  21. Sawing a woman in half is an example of creating a:
    transverse plane
  22. A frontal plane will split the subject into _______ and _______ sections.
    • anterior
    • posterior
  23. Creating a sagittal plane means you are cutting the subject into _______ and _______ portions.
    right, left
  24. Structure dictates:
    function
  25. List the levels of organization from smallest to largest.
    • atoms
    • molecules
    • cells
    • tissues
    • organs
    • organ systems
    • organism

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