Chapter 39

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Chapter 39
2011-12-08 16:43:08
Structure Function Disorders Integument

CD and WB ?'s
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  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding erythema multiforme?
    The lesions are bull's-eye or target lesions
  2. A patient presents with a complaint of chronic scaly, white, or yellowish inflammatory plaques with pruritis. Which of the following types of dermatitis is this most likely to be?
  3. A patient begins with a single lesion that is circular, well demarcated, and salmon pink. Secondary oval lesions develop and extend over the trunk and extremities. Which of the following diseases does this most likely represent?
    Pityriasis rosea
  4. Which of the following is the appropriate term for "inflammation of the hair follicle"?
  5. What type of glands are located in the greatest number in the palms and soles of the feet?
    Eccrine sweat glands
  6. Which of the following is not a viral infection?
  7. Which of the following types of skin cancer is the most common?
    Basal cell
  8. A 60-year old male presents with inflammation of skin on his forehead, nose, cheeks, and chin. His appears bulbous. He is developing conjunctivitis. Which of the following is most likely causing his condition?
    Acne rosacea
  9. Which of the following is the superficial layer of the skin?
  10. Which form of dermatitis is common in infancy and childhood?
  11. Which of the following is a true statement regarding herpes simplex virus (HSV)?
    Lesions of HSV-1 are typically found near the mouth
  12. Which of the following forms of pemphigus has large blisters occuring in tissue folds of the axilla and groin?
    Pemphigus Vegetans
  13. Which of the following is a true statement regarding scleroderma?
    There are massive deposits of collagen with fibrosis
  14. Which of the following stages correctly matches the description?
    Stage I - nonblanchable erythema of intact skin
  15. Which of the following is the appropriate term for a "fungal infection of the scalp"?
    Tinea capitis
  16. A patient presents with thick, well-demarcated, silvery, scaly erythematous plaques located in his axilla. Which of the following skin conditions does this represent?
    Inverse psoriasis
  17. Which stratum of the epidermis contains dead keratinocytes?
  18. The dermis is composed of all of the following except:
  19. Which does not occur as the skin ages?
    more melanocytes
  20. Arteriovenous anastomoses in the dermis:
    facilitate the regulation of body temperature
  21. The cause of atopic dermatitis is:
    mast cell degranulation, T cells, and monocyte interactions
  22. The skin lesion of psoriasis is a:
    thick, scaly, erythematous plaque
  23. A circular, demarcated, salmon-pink scale within a plaque is characteristic of:
    pityriasis rosea
  24. Acantholysis is observed in:
  25. The cause of impetigo in the adult is:
    • Both c and d are correct
    • coagulase-positive staphylococci, beta-hemolytic streptococci
  26. The ussual manifestation of herpes simplex virus is a:
    cold sore or fever blister
  27. Of the benign tumors of the skin, keratoacanthomas are characterized by:
    • Both c and d are correct
    • origination from hair follicles, a proliferative stage that produces a nodule with a central crust
  28. Which are most likely to undergo malignant transition?
    nevi and actinickeratosis
  29. The cause of Kaposi sarcoma likely is:
  30. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is manifested as:
    elevated, firm lesions
  31. An untreated basal cell carcinoma:
    ulcerates and involves local tissue
  32. Which malignant skin lesion metastasizes the earliest?
    Malignant melanoma
  33. In which type of burn does skin function continue?
    first degree
  34. A burn that detroys the epidermis and dermis is a:
    deep partial-thickness burn
  35. Hypovolemic shock in severely burned individuals is the result of:
    • Both a and b are correct
    • dilation of capillaries, increased capillary permeability
  36. In individuals surviving burn shock, increased wound sepsis is caused by:
    • All of the above are correct
    • released inflammatory cytokines, fewer opsonins, inability of phagocytes to migrate to the site of infection
  37. Onychomycosis is:
    a fungal infection of the nail plate