history

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tuchiyama10
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121947
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history
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2011-12-08 17:11:12
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history
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  1. Kofun period
    • 250-538
    • Keyhole tombs
    • King Bu/Wakatakeru allied with China against Koguryo
    • Inscribed swords
  2. Asuka period
    538-645 Taika Coup (or 710 capital moved to Nara)
  3. Suiko and Umayado (Prince Shotoku)
    • 600
    • First female ruler of Japan recognized by China
    • Cap rank system
  4. Taika Coup
    • 645
    • Prince Naka and cousin Nakatomi overthrow Soga ministers
    • Nakatomi becomes Fujiwara
  5. Emperor Tenji
    668-671
  6. Jinshin War
    • 672
    • Tenji's brother against Tenji's son for the throne
    • Tenji's brother wins, becomes Emperor Temmu
  7. Emperor Temmu
    • 672-686
    • Surveyed population as a means of extracting taxes and military service
    • Ordered compilation of legal codes and official histories
    • First to use "tenno"
  8. Ritsuryo
    • 702
    • Penal codes, tried to recreate China's political system
    • Established central administrative government with Emperor at its head
    • Established court ranks
  9. Nara period
    • 710-794
    • Permanent establishment of Buddhism
    • Nihon Shoki and Kojiki written
  10. Emperor Shomu
    • 724-749
    • 728 Builds Todaiji; realm-protecting Buddhism; chishiki
  11. Emperor Kammu
    • 781-806
    • 794 Moved capital to Kyoto
    • Had too many kids, gave them the name Taira
  12. Heian period
    • 794-1185
    • Sovereignty with emperor, power really with Fujiwara
  13. First child emperor, Seiwa
    • 858
    • Controlled by Fujiwara
  14. Masakado's rebellion
    • 937
    • 940 Killed by cousin Sadamori
    • Warriors that helped against Masakado rewarded with ranks or lands; hired sword idea comes out
  15. Emperor Go-Sanjo
    • 1068-1073
    • Regulated market prices and standardized measurements
    • Commended shoen: required documentation for properties
  16. Emperor Go-Shirakawa
    1155-1158
  17. Hogen Rebellion
    • 1156
    • Conflict between retired monarch and reigning monarch to keep Go-Shirakawa on the throne
    • Used Minamoto v. Taira
  18. Heiji Rebellion
    • 1159
    • Kiyomori rises to power
    • Puts Go-Shirakawa on the throne
    • Starts marrying his daughters into the imperial family
  19. Go-Shirakawa against Kiyomori
    • 1177 Go-Shirakawa tries to kill Kiyomori
    • 1178 Kiyomori puts his grandson on the throne
    • 1179 Kiyomori locks up Go-Shirakawa
    • 1180 Go-Shirakawa's son writes to the Minamoto asking for help taking the Taira down
  20. Genpei War
    1180-1185
  21. Dan no Ura
    • 1183
    • Yoshitsune defeats Taira at sea
    • Brings the regalia back to Go-Shirakawa
    • Yoritomo gets pissed and goes after both of them
  22. Kamakura period
    • 1185-1333
    • Agricultural techonology developed
    • Kobu polity
  23. Shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo
    1192-1199
  24. Yoritomo dies and Hojo take over
    1199
  25. Jokyu War
    • 1221
    • Go-Toba-In v. Hojo
    • Kamakura wins, Go-Toba-In exiled
    • Kamakura appoints Jito to 3,000 provinces
    • Kamakura appoints reps in Kyoto
  26. Go-Daigo
    • 1318-1336
    • Exiled in 1336 after falling out with Ashikaga, sets up southern court in Nara
  27. Kenmu Restoration
    • 1333-1336
    • 1333 Ashikaga Takauji sent after Go-Daigo, changes sides and defeats Kamakura for Go-Daigo
    • Go-Daigo tries to restore power to the imperial family, restoring civilian rule and abolishing military rule
  28. Ashikaga/Muromachi period
    • 1336-1573
    • 1338 Ashikaga shogunate legitimized, moves to Muromachi
  29. Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
    • 1368-1408
    • 1392 Ends No-So war
    • Taxes sake brewers and moneylenders
    • Monetization
    • Patron of the arts, Zen
  30. Oda Nobunaga
    • 1573-1582
    • 1573 Exiles Ashikaga Shogun
    • Goes around taking over other Daimyo regions
    • Begins unification of Japan; finished by successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi
    • Changed military from aristocracy to meritocracy
    • Opened up Japan to western religions (brings in the Portugese)
    • Policies that abolished monopolies
    • Developed tax exemptions and regulations to ease debts
    • Castle-towns: center of local economy, stepping stone from agrarian society to manufacturing society
    • Made roads which allowed better trade and more efficient military movement
  31. Tokugawa period
    1603-1858

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