Chapter 9: Political Parties

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Chapter 9: Political Parties
2011-12-08 17:44:56
AP Government

AP Government
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  1. Congressional Campaign Committee
    A party committee in Congress that provides funds to members and would-be members.
  2. Critical or Realignment Period
    Periods when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one or both parties.
  3. Ideological Party
    A party that values principled stands on issues above all else.
  4. Mugwumps (progressives)
    Republican party factions of the 1890s to the 1910s composed of reformers who opposed patronage.
  5. National Chairman
    Day-to-day party manager elected by the national committee.
  6. National Committee
    Delegates who run party affairs between national conventions.
  7. National Convention
    A meeting of party delegates held every four years.
  8. Personal Following
    The political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks.
  9. Plurality System
    An electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not recieve a majority: used in almost all American elections.
  10. Political Machine
    A party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage.
  11. Political Party
    A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office.
  12. Solidary Incentive
    The social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations.
  13. Split Ticket
    Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
  14. Sponsored Party
    A local or state political party that is largely supported by another organization in the community.
  15. Straight Ticket
    Voting for candidates who are all of the same party.
  16. Superdelegates
    Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
  17. Two-party system
    An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in national elections.