vibration of sound to produce a distinctive quality
what are chief resonators
1. the bones in the head, neck and chest
2. the cavities of the throat, nose, and mouth
what is the wind pipe?
a tube called the trachea.
What is the Larynx
The voice box- where the vocal cords are created
what is the pharynx
the area between the nasal cavities and the larynx
what is inflection
the raising and lowering of pitch of the voice for emphasis
What is sibilance and how do you avoid it?
Sibilance is the over articulation of the S sound that is heard in s, sh, and z. Using a windscreen or popfilter will help eliminate Sibilance.
what is pitch?
the relative highness or lowness of the tone of a sound
what is Optimun pitch
the frequency at which the voice is most comfortable in speaking
what is the voice box
the larynx- also known as the adams apple.
what are the cheif articulators?
the tongue, the lips, the hard and soft palate, and the teeth
why do we sound different when we hear our recorded voice?
When talking you are hearing your voice partially through your sinuses and internal vibrations not just through your ears. When you hear your recorded voice you hear it just through your ears and thus the different sound.
when marking a script how should you show heavy emphasis on a word/phrase?
use an underline for emphasis. use a double underline for even more emphasis
when marking a script how do you illustrate a pause?
use a forward slash , /, to indicate a pause. use two forward slashes, //, to indicate a long pause
when marking a script how do you signify an increase in speed?
draw a squiggly underline under the word or phrase
when marking a script how do signify a decrease in spead?
draw a two headed arrow under a word or phrase
how do you improvise and deliver extemporaneously
by relaxing and being informal and friendly. This is when you have to ad-lib or do something impromptu.
Fighting tentions- advice for relaxing vocal folds and why you would want to do that
What is a PSA?
a public service announcement
what is a promo?
an advertisment that promotes an individual program on a broadcast station.
what are the different types of interviews?
the two basic types of interviews are NEWS and FEATURE interviews.
Whats the 5 basic pieces to the structure of an interview
3.the questions and discission
what is the purpose of a pre-interview?
you do not want your interview to become undirected.
It gives the guest a general idea of the topic.
You can also introduce yourself and build a rapport
what are the two most important rules of conducting a good interview?
listening and planning
what are the different type of interview questions?
open-ended- provides with the opportunity to elaborate on a question
closed-ended- avoid these because they can be answered with a simple "yes" or "no" or one word answer.
Double-barreled- asking more than one question at a time. Avoid these.
Do's and don'ts for interviewing.
research guest and topic
make a tentative list of questons
know your audience
use verbal and nonverbal feedback
use humor carefully and only where approipiate
write out open, close, and first question
know legal guidelines
ask for explination of jargon or ambiguous terms
Do's and don'ts for interviewing. DON'T
ad-lib through the interview
stick only through the prepared questions
give guest questions before the interview
comment with "uh huh" "i see" or "okay"
ask leading questions
be untruthful about your identity to obtain an interview
ask obvious questions
jump in to avoid silence
what are different types of commercials?
straight read commerials- the most basic with no music or effects.
Donut commercial- a combonation of a recordes message plus live local copy.
Spokesperson commercial- employing a wellknown sports or music figure.
Live tag commercial- the announcer takes a recorded message then adds a bit of information to connect to a local advertiser.