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psc
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2011-12-09 01:32:25
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  1. aims of forigen policy
    • build a stabel international order
    • advance human welfare and standards of living in the less devlop areas of the world
    • to work towards avoiding catestropic distruction
    • to try to meet the long range challenge of communisum
  2. The Sunset Review
    • The sunset review process was established by the Sunset Act of 1977
    • The sunset review is a regular assessment of the need for a state agency to exist
    • The sunset process is directed by a ten member body appointed by the lieutenant governor and the Speaker of the House
    • The sunset review regularly reviews approximately 150 agencies, departments, boards, & commissions
    • The sunset review process is considered very effective because all of the agencies and departments are subjected to the same scrutiny
  3. Interest Groups
    • Sources of support or opposition to the doings of bureaucratic departments and agencies are called interest groups; particularly well financed interest groups focus on a narrow area of public policy
    • Political campaigns are supported or funded by interest groups
    • Interest groups directly influence the bureaucracy by offering private sector employment to cooperative public servants
    • Interest groups provide a wide variety of goods and services to legislators in exchange for favorable action on state programs
  4. The Governor/ how he/she makes the bureaucracy accountable
    • The governor has limited appointment powers
    • The governor has the power to line item veto
    • The governor has accumulated extensive appointment powers in the executive branch but not the 6 top officials in the executive branch
    • The governor has the ability to call an unlimited number of special session
    • The governor can specify the issues to be addressed in the legislator
    • The governor also sets the agenda for the special sessions*The governor can also line-item veto the budget
  5. Citizen Influence on Bureaucracy
    • Voters elect the 6 most senior officials in Texas including the Governor and the Lieutenant Governor, The SBEO TRRC
    • The citizens communicate their demands through their elected officials
    • Citizens use tools such as the internet , customer service hot lines, electronic forms, websites to make complaints and get feed back
    • The Sunset Review also provides regular opportunities for groups of citizen
    • weigh in on the performances of government agencies
  6. Legislative Sessions:
    • The regular sessions of Texas legislative sessions are 140 days including Saturdays and Sundays every two years. The Session begins in January of odd numbered years.
    • After the November elections, and the governor can call for unlimited special sessions but each special session needs to be for 30 days
  7. Bi-cameral legislative structure
    Upper house is called the Senate 31 members; the lower house is the House of Reps150 members: the seats of both houses of the legislature are apportioned according to population
  8. Membership of texas leg.
    There are 150 members in the house of Reps and 31 members in the senate; the members of both of the houses are elected from a single member district whose boundaries are redrawn every 10 years because of the census; the Lieutenant governor is the next most important position after the 31
  9. Terms of Office in the legs.
    The election for both houses of legislation are held every two years in even numbered years; the house members are elected for 2 years and senate are elected for 4 years; approx ½ of the members of the senate retire every two years
  10. Formal qualifications house of reps
    21 years of age, registered voters, legal resident of the state for 2 years and resident of the district for at least 1 year
  11. Formal qualifications of Senate
    26 years old, registered voter of the state for 5 years and resident of the district for 1 year
  12. Redistricting
    the mandated redrawing of congressional and legislative district every ten years using population measurements
  13. The Power and Responsibilities of the Legislative Branch
    • Considering bills
    • Resolutions
    • Constitutional Amendments
  14. General Bill
    is applicable l individuals and property throughout the state
  15. Special Bill
    is specific to individuals or property or types of property
  16. Local Bill
    only apply to a limited geographical area or local government i.e. Jefferson county
  17. Administrative Powers of the Legislative Branch
    • Appointment power- the senate approves all of the appointments made by the governor by a 2/3 majority.
    • Creation, abolition, and redefining of state agencies
    • Requiring of regular and special reporting from special agencies ex. Legislative audit committee
    • Budget approval over state agencies
    • Investigative & impeachment powers
    • The House of Reps has the power to impeach state judges all the way up to the state supreme courts
    • The list of immunities of legislature is short but important , they can’t be sued or slandered for what they say
  18. Lieutenant governor
    • is the elected independently of the governor
    • He has no official duties except for replacing the governor if the governor is absent, removed, impeached or dies
    • appoints the committes of the senate
    • controls policy areas and assign bills to specifice conference commity
    • chairman of the legislative budget board
  19. Speaker of the House of Representatives
    • The presiding officer & he or she is elected by the members of the House of reps on the first day of the regular session
    • The Speaker maintains order during the debate on the floor
    • He or she also recognized members who wish to speak
    • He signs all bills and resolutions
    • The Speaker may vote on all bills and resolutions
    • The speaker appoints the members of all standing committees
    • The Speaker appoint conference committees
    • The Speaker serves on the legislative council and the legislative audit committee
    • The Speaker serves as the vice chair of the legislative budget board
    • He or she is also a member of the legislative redistricting board
  20. Permanent committees
    roll over from one session to another, standing committees
  21. Standing committees and special committees
    temperary committee
  22. Substantive committee
    only permanent in the senate
  23. Procedural Committee-
    dedicated in regulating and operating the functions of the house
  24. Conference Committees
    when two committeess work to gether on a bill
  25. Interim Committee
    comes into existence to discuss issues between two regular sessions not a special committee
  26. Ad-Hoch Committee-
    study issues for a very short period time
  27. The governor can take 3 actions on a bill
    • Sign the bill and it becomes a law
    • Take no action and it becomes a law after 10 ( or 20) days
    • Veto a bill by sending a formal message of rejection to the legislature
  28. President and foreign policy
    • the president can make treaties provided 2/3 of the senators vote
    • the president also has the power to appoint ambassadors, public ministers and consuls
    • the president has the power to receive ambassadors and public officials
    • the president is the commander in chief of the armed forces
    • the pres can use his power of executive agreement where he can make a treaty with a foreign country without the consent of the congress
    • the president has discretionary funds that he can use for military and diplomatic initiatives
  29. Congress and foreign policy
    • Congress defines and punishes felonies, committed on the high seas
    • The senate has the power to approve treaties and appointments
    • Congress can regulate foreign commerce
    • Congress can advise the president on foreign policy; can propose a foreign policy
    • Congress can either amend or reject a bill all together proposed by the president
    • Congress can also pass laws affecting foreign policy
    • The size and strength of the armed forces is controlled by the congress by budgeting or funding
    • Congress also influences foreign policy programs providing economic and military assistance to foreign countries
  30. The Department of State
    • The department of defense is a key agency of the executive branch
    • It provides the president with information in conducting international relations
    • It is responsible for representing the US in dealings with other nations and international organizations
    • It coordinates the activities of all groups, agencies, and departments working for foreign policy
    • The sec of state is the head of the department of state and he or she is the chief foreign policy advisor to the president
  31. The Department of Defense
    Established in 1947 to supervise military activities, and they also control the army, the navy, and the air force. The Joint Chief of Staff is the person who formulates strategic war plans
  32. The National Security Council
    • Established in 1947 to help the president in the integration of foreign, military, economic, fiscal,
    • internal security, and psychological policies affecting American national security
  33. The Sunset Review
    • The sunset review process was established by the Sunset Act of 1977
    • The sunset review is a regular assessment of the need for a state agency to exist
    • The sunset process is directed by a ten member body appointed by the lieutenant governor and the Speaker of the House
    • The sunset review regularly reviews approximately 150 agencies, departments, boards, & commissions
    • The sunset review process is considered very effective because all of the agencies and departments are subjected to the same scrutiny
  34. The legislature powers
    • The governor of Texas does enjoy direct of command of over agencies
    • The legislative branch determines the budget and that affects the bureaucracy
    • Legislature can pass laws that crate alter, or eliminate programs
  35. qualifications of the governor
    • must be 30 years old
    • should be a citizen of the us
    • resident of tex at lesat 5 years
  36. powers of the governor
    • appointment powers
    • budget powers
    • military and police powers
    • veto power
    • special seccessions
    • message power
    • judical powers
  37. appointment power of the gov
    requires 2/3 of the senate to approve. although the fovernor has limited appointment powers because most are elected
  38. budget powers of the governor
    the leg or congress takes the lead in the bughet process leaving the governor with the oppertunity to speak on the budget
  39. military and police powers of the governor
    the commander and cheif of the texas national guard. the governor oppoints the members of the public deparment of saftey governor can also take cammand over the texas ranger
  40. veto power of the governor
    can make a line item a veto but cannot pocket vetio it ,also the limititations is the congress can overide the veto by 2/3
  41. special seccessions
    any special sessions cant extend for more then 30 days and may consider the gender specific by the governor
  42. message power
    • formal message- gives the governor the power to deliver the opening message to congress
    • informal message- power to send messages to the public
  43. judical power of the governor
    has leess power then the pres, the governor appoints judges to fill vaconcies, cause of death, recognition, creation of a new court. the governor cannot independtly issue a pardon or send commutation, in death sentence the gover can extend for 30 days
  44. plural executive office of the governor
    the only excutive offical appointed by the governor is the secretary of state
  45. secretary of state
    • administer elections
    • over sees the voter regestration process, also curroperation with voter regstration drives, aslo keep records of all debts and commercal code finding
    • keep a copy of loan agreements from a bank or a finacial institution
    • the highest ranking offical appointed by the governor with the senate approval
  46. commisnor of the general land office
    • head of the general land office
    • gain alot of power cause of alot of public land in the state and resources particular energy
    • term of 4 years
    • responsible for leasing ladn for oil an gas production, mining, growing , montioring the enviromental quility of public land and water
  47. commisonor of agg
    • elected for a term of 4 years head of the aaa
    • look into matters of food expection, liscense, pest control
    • regulates wiegts and measures at trocery stores
    • also conduct anual checks on gas pumps
  48. elceted board and commissions
    • trrx(texas railroad commission)
    • 3 members elected throug a state wide election
    • sereve a term of 6 years
    • regulate state and intersate
    • regulate oil and gas industry tracking and minning
  49. state board of education
    • free public educatio system
    • 15 members on the board represented dictrict across the state
    • 4 year term
    • governor appoints the commissonr of education as well as the chair person

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