Oceanography Final

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Oceanography Final
2010-03-28 06:25:56

Final for Oceanography based on chapters 10-18 of book, Oceanography: An Invitation to Marine Science
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  1. Surface tension is the main ________ ______ for capillary waves.
    restoring force
  2. Which three phenomena would result in a tsunami?
    -glacier calving

    -submarine volcanic eruption

    -subduction zone earthquake rapture
  3. Rogue waves are usually the result of ______.
    constructive interference
  4. Define: Storm surge
    The temporary increase, at a specific locality, in the height of the sea due to extreme meteorological conditions at shore (low atmospheric and/or high winds).
  5. Once a tsunami is generated its height-to-length ration (steepness)....
    is very small in the open ocean
  6. Waves of different wave-lengths and heights combining and moving in different directions are called _____.
  7. The seiche phenomenon is more pronounced when it...
    occurs in an enclosed or semi-enclosed body of water.
  8. Define: deep water wave
    a wave moving through water deeper than half its wave-length
  9. When a tsunami comes ashore its typical appearance is....
    a fast-moving flood of water
  10. Define: wave length
    the horizontal distance between successive crests (or troughs)
  11. Percentage of U.S. population living in coastal counties
  12. The mass extinction that eliminated the dinosaurs and may cephalopods occurred about 65 million years ago.
    Cretaceous–Tertiary (K-T extinction)
  13. the isotope that is often used to measure the rate of photosynthesis
  14. The outer limit of Exclusive Economic Zones is ____ nautical miles
  15. About ___% of the world's oil comes from the sea floor.
  16. About ___% of pollutants reaching the ocean come from land-based sources.
  17. Most important marine primary producer
  18. Largest in size of primary producers
    Brown algae
  19. Most highly evolved mollusc
  20. Most "successful" phylum
  21. Most advanced order of any bony fishes
  22. Largest living fish
    Whale Shark
  23. Sonic echolocation most developed in.....
    toothed whales and dolphins
  24. Most common distribution of organisms
  25. Define: species
    an interbreeding group of organisms
  26. The success of a species is controlled by _______.
    limiting factors
  27. The oceans contain more _______, but fewer species than on land.
  28. Classification of organisms is based on....
    evolutionary relationships
  29. The resistance of a fluid to flow is called ___________.
  30. Population growth is represented by ___ _______.
    the J/S curves
  31. List three symbiotic relationships


  32. Concentration in the food web is called.....
    biological amplification
  33. Define: icthyology
    the scientific study of fish
  34. The extent of randomness or disorder in a system is called its:
  35. In the Carbon cycle, animals primarily:
    release carbon as carbon dioxide
  36. The cells of fresh water algae placed in seawater would probably:
  37. List three endothermic organisms
    mammals, birds and some fish
  38. Two natural "kingdoms" that contain organisms with PROKARYOTE cells are the _______ and the _______.
    Archea and Bacteria
  39. The natural system of classifying organisms is based on:
    their evolutionary relationships
  40. Carbon dioxide is less likely to be....
    a limiting factor in the ocean
  41. Detritus is most important to which community?
  42. List three characteristics shared by all members of the phylumChordata.
    -noto chord

    -pharyngeal gill slits

    -dorsal nerve chord
  43. Which marine animal is most noted for its navigational activity?
    green sea turtle
  44. Some of the most significant members of the hydrothermal vent community are....
    shrimp and crab, sulfur bacteria and octopi
  45. An organism that can move freely between the ocean surface and great depth is:
  46. The resource typically in GREATEST demand in the rocky intertidal zone is:
  47. Tuna, bass, eels and swordfish are in the most advanced group of bony fishes, which is called the:
  48. Black sand beach has a low....