A&P FINAL

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Anonymous
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122080
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A&P FINAL
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2011-12-08 23:42:45
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DEFINITION
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  1. A pigment that is the by-product of hemoglobin catabolism.
    Bilirubin
  2. Parasympathetic motor neurons and sympathetic postganglionic fibers located between the circular and longitudinal layers of the muscularis externa
    Myenteric Plexus
  3. The pear-shaped reservior for bile after it is secreted by the liver
    Gallbladder
  4. A cell whose meiotic division will produce a single ovum and three polar bodies.
    Oocyte
  5. Hormones released by specialized cardiocytes when they are stretched by an abnormally large venous return; promotes fluid loss and reduction in blood pressure and in venous return. Includes atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)
    Natriuretic Peptides(NP)
  6. The dividion of a single cell nucleus that produces two identical daughter cell nuclei; an essential step in cell division.
    mitosis
  7. Requiring the presence of oxygen
    Aerobic
  8. Pertaining to the stomach
    gastric
  9. An enlarged ovum or spermatozoon nucleus that forms after fertiliation but before amphimixis
    Pronucleus
  10. Polyuria due to inadequate production of antidiuretic hormone
    diabetes insipidus
  11. The principal androgen produced by the interstital cells of the testes.
    Testosterone
  12. The fusion of a secondary oocyte and a spermatozoon to form a zygote
    fertiliztion
  13. Large salivary gland that secrete a saliva containing high concentrations of salivary (alpha) amylase.
    Parotid salivary glands
  14. A compound whose dissociations in solution releases a hydrogen ion and an anion; an acid solution has a pH below 7.0 and contains an excess of hydrogen ions
    acid
  15. The external openins of the anal canal
    anus
  16. Active transport between two limbs of a loop that contains a fluid moving in one direction; responsible for the concentration of urine in the kidney tubules.
    countercurrent multiplication
  17. A compound whose dissociation releases a hydroxide ion (OH2) or removes a hydrogen ion (H1) from the solution.
    base
  18. Chromosomes other than the X or Y sex chromosome.
    Autosomal
  19. A sac or pouch in the call of the colon or other organ
    diverticulum
  20. The large intestine
    Colon
  21. A bridle; usually referring to a band of tissue that restricts movement, e.g., lingual frenulum
    fernulum
  22. The synthesis of glucose from protein or lipid precursors
    gluconeogenesis
  23. A wave of smooth muscle contractions that propels materials along the axis of a tube such as the digestive tract, the ureters, or the ductus deferens
    peristalsis
  24. The production of milk by the mammary glands
    lactation
  25. A temporary structure in the uterine wall that permits diffusion between the fetal and maternal circulatory system.
    placenta
  26. An enzyme that breaks down the bonds between adjacent follicle cells; produced by some bacteria and found in the acrosomal cap of a spermatozoon
    hyaluronidase
  27. Physical characteristics that are genetically determined.
    phenotype
  28. The middle germ layer, between the ectoderm and endoderm of the embryo
    mesoderm
  29. A fatty acid secreted by one cell that alters the metabolic activities or sensitivities of adjacent cells; also called local hormone
    prostaglandin
  30. The period of intrauterine development; pregnancy
    gestation
  31. a portion of a DNA strand that functions as a hereditary unit, is located at a particular site on a specific chromosome, and codes for a specific protein or polypeptide.
    gene
  32. Possessing two different alleles at corresponding sites on a chromosomes pair; the individual's phenotype is determined by one or both of the alleles
    heterozygous
  33. A period of rapid growth, sexual maturation and the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics; normally occurs at ages 10-15 years
    puberty
  34. Cells of the blastocyst that will form the body of the embryo.
    inner cell mass
  35. A class of steroid sex hormones that includes estradiol.
    estrogens
  36. a genetic abnormality resulting from the presence of three copies of chromosome 21; individual with this condition have characteristic physical and intellectual deficits.
    down syndrome
  37. a noncellular pathogen
    virus
  38. the premature loss or expulsion of an embryo or fetus
    abortion
  39. a newborn infant, or baby
    neonate
  40. aging
    senescence
  41. A membranous sac at the tip of a spermatozoon that contains hyaluronidase.
    acrosomal cap
  42. Milk-producing glands of the female breast
    mammary glands
  43. An extraembryonic membrane, consisting of the trophoblast and underlying mesoderm, that forms the placenta
    chorion/chorionic
  44. The gradual appearance of characteristic cellular specializations during development as the result of gene activation or repression
    differentiation
  45. outside the normal location
    ectopic
  46. One of the three primary germ layers; the layer on the undersurface of the embryonic disc; gives rise to the epithelia and glands of the digestive system, the respiratory system, and portions of the urinary system
    endoderm
  47. The developental stage lasting for the start of the third developmental month to delivery.
    fetus
  48. The abnormal possession of three copies of a chromosome;
    • trisomy
    • trisomy 21 is responsible for Down Syndrome
  49. the volume of air moved into and out of the lungs during a normal quiet respiratory cycle.
    tidal volume
  50. The placental hormone that maintains the corpus luteum for the first 3 months of pregnancy
    human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
  51. The inability to conceive; also call sterility
    infertility
  52. The connecting stalk between the fetus and the placenta; contains the allantois, the umbilical arteries, and the umbilical vein.
    umbilical cord
  53. The attachment of a blastocyst into the endometrium of the uterine wall.
    implantation
  54. The rate of filtrate formation at the glomerulus
    Glomerular filtration rate
  55. The placental hormone that stimulates the functional development of the mamary glands
    human placental lactogen (hPL)
  56. The early stage in the developing embryo, consisting of a outer trophoblast and an inner cell mass
    blastocyst
  57. the study of mechanisms of heredity
    genetics
  58. The first meiotic division, which reduces the chromosome number from 46 to 23.
    reductional division
  59. outside the body, in an artifical environment
    in vitro
  60. The activation process that must occur before a spermatozoon can successfully fertilize an oocyte; occurs in the vagina after ejaculation
    capacitation
  61. one of the three primary germ layers; covers the surface of the embryo and gives rise to the nervos system, the epidermis and associated glands and a variety of other structures
    ectoderm
  62. Fluid that fills the amniotic cavity; cushions and supports the embryo or fetus
    amniotic fluid
  63. cell division that produces gametes with half the normal somatic chromosome complement
    meiosis
  64. growth and the acquisition of increasing structural and functional complexity; includes the period from conception to maturity
    development
  65. The formation of organs during embryological and fetal development
    organogenesis
  66. the thick layer of smooth muscle in the wall of the uterus.
    myometrium
  67. the yolk sac, amnion, chorion, and allantois
    extraembryonic membranes
  68. a small pit or cavity
    lacuna

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