U.S. History

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  1. Successes of Jefferson's first term included all of the following except
    a successful embargo on foreign trade.
  2. In this First Inaugural Address, Jefferson emphasized
    the ideals of republicanism,
  3. Newspaper reporters used the term "era of good feelings" to describe the presidency of
    James Monroe,
  4. During the war period of 1793-1807 between England and France, American merchants
    enjoyed a huge increase in profits for exports,
  5. Support for the War of 1812 was strongest in
    the South and the West.
  6. The U.S. Supreme Court's decision in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
    strengthened national power over the states,
  7. The Missouri Compromise attempted to
    settle growing differences over the issue of slavery,
  8. A key factor in the Americans' victory in the War of 1812 came when
    Britian failed to secure naval control of the Great Lakes,
  9. The constitutional principle of Judicial review was first affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court in what 1803 case?
    Marbury v. Madison,
  10. Americans favored war against Britain in 1812 because of
    British seizure of American ships and violation of U.S. neutral rights, British provocation of Indian attacks against western settlers, and Impressment of American sailors,
  11. What inspired Francis Scott Key to write "The Star-Spangled Banner"?
    The survival of Fort McHenry,
  12. What group of militant western Congressmen, who hated British violations of American rights, demanded the use of force against the British in 1811-1812 and the capture of Canada and Florida?
    War Hawks,
  13. By the 1820's the right to vote
    had moved significantly toward universal manhood suffrage for whites,
  14. Many evangelical preachers of the Second Great Awakening
    emphasized personal experience that would produce a spiritual rebirth,
  15. The Albany Regency, a tightly disciplined political machine, was run by
    Martin Van Buren,
  16. Andrew Jackson expressed that his greatest political inspiration task came from
    the ideals of Jeffersonian republicanism,
  17. John Tyler successfully sponsored a joint resolution in 1845 that
    annexed Texas as a new state in the Union.
  18. The most vocal opponents of Texas annexation between 1836 and 1844 were
    antislavery Northern Whigs,
  19. President Jackson's open willingness to fire political opponents from government jobs and hire political supporters came to be known as the
    "Spoils System",
  20. What public figure came to symbolize the triumph of democracy and the rise of the Common Man?
    Andrew Jackson,
  21. The Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842) under President John Tyler provided for
    the settlement of the Maine boundary question
  22. All of the following were several reasons for opposition to the Bank of the United States (BUS) as the "Monster" except
    controlled by the state banks.
  23. A constitutional doctrine holding that a state has a legal right to declare a national (federal) law not binding and void within its borders is known as
  24. President Andrew Jackson destroyed the Second Bank of the United States by
    Withdrawing all federal deposits from it,
  25. Yeoman farmers of the Lower South
    prized their independence and wanted to limit government authority.
  26. What percentage of southern white families did not own slaves in 1860?
  27. Slaves followed West African customs in all of the following ways except
    rejected extended kinship ties,
  28. Southern planters of the Lower South believed that social changes might undermine the stability of slavery and weaken the system of slavery by
    urbanization and industrialization.
  29. By mid-century, the Upper South
    had diversified its economy and relied less on slavery,
  30. The use of wide scale slavery in the Lower South was based on the economic production of
    short-staple cotton,
  31. In West African culture, which art form was linked with ancestry and considered sacred?
  32. What was the core institution of slave life?
    the family,
  33. Slave owners commonly used all of the following incentives to motivate hard work from slaves except
    the insincere promise of eventual freedom,
  34. What name was given to the system of secret networks of stations and safe houses which was set up to assist fugitive slaves to escape from the South to the North?
    Underground Railroad,
  35. A supporter of Temperance believed
    in prohibition of alcoholic beverages,
  36. What person invented the cotton gin in 1793 and also the idea of interchangeable parts?
    Eli Whitney.
  37. Frederick Douglas believed that the U.S. Constitution
    was a document of liberty that was vital to the antislavery cause,
  38. Samuel Slater
    brought English ideas of manufacturing to America.
  39. Lowell, Massachusetts represented an example of
    America's first large-scale, planned manufacturing city,
  40. The Rhode Island system of employment was based on
    the use of the entire families for employment in a factory,
  41. Which nation pioneered most of the technological methods and advances of Industrialization?
    Great Britain.
  42. Transcendentalists believed that
    Intuition and emotion were the keys to finding truth,
  43. The leaders of America's first reform movements became known collectively as the
    Benevolent Empire,
  44. Horace Mann believed that public education
    would be a great equalizer in American society,
  45. The forces that pushed many Americans westward included all of the following except
    commercial farmers of the East and South were struggling financially
  46. What popular idea of the 1840s, coined by the journalist John O'Sullivan, stated that God supported American expansion into the western frontier and that someday the United States would extend from coast to coast?
    The Theory of Manifest Destiny.
  47. Which practice did settlers bring to Texas that was illegal/forbidden under Mexican law?
  48. The actual fighting of the Mexican War began when American forces moved into
    the 100 miles between the Nueces and the Rio Grande Rivers,
  49. The Battle of San Jacinto in April 1836
    established the independence of Texas,
  50. Short-staple cotton became a major profit-maker for all of the following reasons except
    the majority of settlers in the Old Southwest owned large plantations that grew it,
  51. Keys to the wealth of the Old Southwest included all of the following except
    the growth of nonagricultural pursuits,
  52. What country did the Republic of Mexico receive its independence from in 1821 ?
  53. The Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo
    ended the Mexican War,
  54. Who became the hero of the San Jacinto battle and the first President of the Republic of Texas?
    Sam Houston,
  55. In the Freeport Doctrine, Stephen A. Douglas stated that slavery
    could only exist in a territory if residents voted to protect it,
  56. Which statement about the North and South in 1860 is not true?
    the North's population was much more literate than that of the South
  57. The Wilmot Proviso proposed that
    free labor should exist in territory gained in the Mexican War,
  58. Proponents of popular sovereignty believed that
    residents of a territory should decide the issue of slavery.
  59. The League of Freedom and the Liberty Association were created
    to stop fugitive slaves from being captured,
  60. Members of Young America supported
    extending American influence throughout the Americas.
  61. Who was an antislavery agitator in the middle of the violent confrontation in Kansas?
    John Brown,
  62. What was the first state to secede from the Union after Lincoln's election in December 1860 ?
    South Carolina,
  63. What 1854 statement urged for the acquisition of Cuba to the United States by any means necessary from Spain?
    Ostend Manifesto,
  64. Who was elected President of the Confederate States of America (CSA) in 1861 ?
    Jefferson Davis.
  65. All of the following were advantages of the North except
    longer tours of duty produced a more experienced Northern army,
  66. The Emancipation Proclamation of January 1863
    freed the slaves of all states in rebellion,
  67. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution outlawed
    slavery everywhere in the United States.
  68. General Lee surrendered his army to General Grant April 9, 1865, at the Court House in
    Appomattox, Virginia.
  69. A major outcome of the First Battle of Bull Run was
    the North's realization that the war could not be won easily,
  70. Copperheads were
    Northern Democrats suspected of having Confederate sympathies,
  71. Which of the following was the last military objective to be achieved by the Union in 1865?
    Capture of Richmond,
  72. What did President Lincoln and Congress state as their primary war goal when war began in 1861 ?
    To preserve the Union,
  73. The basic Southern objective in the Civil War was
    To defend its territory and secure independence,
  74. What Union battle victory, which was led by General Ulysses Grant, gave the North control of the Mississippi river valley in 1863 ?
  75. The Redeemers (Redemption) portrayed themselves as the
    triumph of southern Democrats over Reconstruction and the injustices of Republican rule,
  76. What was one great issue facing the nation in the post-Civil War era of Reconstruction?
    what terms to readmit the former Confederate states,
  77. The accomplishments of the new Southern Republican state governments established under Congressional Reconstruction included all of the following except
    land confiscation and more equitable redistribution,
  78. President Johnson's Reconstruction plan included all of the following proposals EXCEPT:
    to extend voting rights to all black males, 21 or older, in the South.
  79. The Fifteenth Amendment
    guaranteed the right of American men to vote.
  80. Most historians and writers today view Radical Reconstruction as a democratic experiment that failed because
    when the Black freedman lost political power, they also lost economic independence,
  81. The Freedman's Bureau was established to
    provide social, educational, and economic services to former slaves and poor whites,
  82. What Congressional act prohibited the President from removing civil officers without Senate consent, which later led to the impeachment crisis of Andrew Johnson?
    Tenure of Office act,
  83. A Northerner who went to the South during Reconstruction for wealth and political power was known as a
  84. President Lincoln's Reconstruction Plan was also known as the
    Ten Percent Plan,
Card Set:
U.S. History
2011-12-09 18:56:48
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