Hulsey Chapter 7 Practice Test

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martha.hulsey
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122215
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Hulsey Chapter 7 Practice Test
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2011-12-09 15:11:21
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Hulsey Chapter Practice Test
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Hulsey Chapter 7 Practice Test
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  1. What is used to measure the movement of the tectonic plates?
    Global Positioning System (GPS)
  2. What is the theory that says that a single continent once existed?
    Continental Drift Therory
  3. What takes place at mid-ocean ridges?
    Sea-floor spreading
  4. Name 3 pieces of evidence of continental drift?
    • magnetic reversals
    • the fossil record
    • sea-floor spreading
  5. What happens at a convergent boundary?
    plates collide
  6. Which type of stress causes a normal fault?
    Tension
  7. Compression causes what kind of fault?
    Reverse
  8. _________is the outermost (physical) layer of the Earth
    Lithosphere
  9. Which is the liquid layer of the core, the inner core or the outer core
    outer core
  10. Mountains with sharp, jagged peaks have experienced what type of force or stress?
    Tension
  11. Which boundary is formed when plates slide past each other?
    transform
  12. The place where two tectonic plates meet is called a_____________
    boundary
  13. At the mid-ocean ridges, what hardens to form new floor?
    magma
  14. Magnetic reversal is used as evidence for___________
    sea-floor spreading
  15. What is Pangaea?
    A single, huge continent that is thought to have existed long ago.
  16. When plates separate, what type of boundary is this called?
    divergent
  17. Fossils are used as evidence for ________.
    continental drift
  18. What is used to measure the density of the Earth's layers?
    seismograph
  19. In a reverse fault, is the hanging wall up or down relative to the footwall?
    up
  20. Which way does the hanging wall move in a normal fault?
    Downward
  21. The outermost layer of the Earth that is a part of the crust is called
    Lithosphere
  22. The _____core is the liquid layer of the Earth's core
    Outer
  23. Places of the lithosphere that move around on top of the asthenosphere are called
    Tectonic Plates
  24. The area where two tectonic plates meet is called a
    Boundary
  25. The huge, single continent that once existed was called
    Pangaea
  26. Sea-floor spreading takes place in
    Mid-Ocean Ridges
  27. _______did not provide evidence for continental drift
    Oceanic Plate Theory
  28. ____________were used as evidence for the continental drift
    Fossils
  29. What are the 3 types of boundaries?
    • Divergent Boundary
    • Convergent Boundary
    • Transform Boundary
  30. What kind of mountain is formed when rocks are squeezed together and push up?
    Folded Mountains
  31. When pieces of the Lithosphere break and drop down, they form which type of mountain?
    Fault-Block Mountain
  32. What kind of mountain forms when melted rock erupts onto the Earth's surface?
    Volcanic Mountain
  33. The _____________deformation folds rocks in a U shape
    syncline
  34. The __________folding of a rock is shaped like and upside-down U
    anticline
  35. Name the two types of stress
    • compression--pushes together
    • tension---pulls apart
  36. Name the layers of the earth by their composition in order
    • The Crust
    • The Mantle
    • The Core
  37. Name the layers of the Earth by their Physical Structure in order
    • Lithosphere
    • Asthenosphere
    • Mesosphere
    • Outer Core
    • Inner Core
  38. Who was the Scientist that wrote about his hypothesis that states that the continents once formed a single landmass, broke up and drifted to their present locations?
    Alfred Wegener
  39. Pangea is Greek for _________
    "all earth"
  40. In a normal fault, the hanging wall is upward or downward?
    downward
  41. What are the 3 types of faults?
    • Normal Fault
    • Reverse Fault
    • Strike-Slip Fault

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