Final Exam study guide ADN 125

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queline
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Final Exam study guide ADN 125
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2012-01-11 10:32:29
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exam ADN 125 guide
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ADN 125 Final Exam Study guide fall 2011
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  1. The act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery
    Florence Nightingale's definition of Nursing
  2. THe unique finction of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will, knowledge, and to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible
    Virginia Henderson's definition of nursing
  3. Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, preventions of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the daignosis, and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations
    ANA's definition of a nurse
  4. This does the following things:
    *regulate the practice of nursing in the United States with each state having its own
    *purpose is to protect the public
    *Governs nurses'practice
    Nurse Practice Act
  5. This:
    *ANA's major functions is to establish and implement it
    *Its purpose is to describe the responsibilities for which nurses are accountable
    Standards of Nursing Practice
  6. Definition:
    is clinical decision making based on the simultaneous use of the best evidence, clinical expertise, and clients' values
    Evidence-Based Practice
  7. What are the six steps of Edivence-Based Pracitce according to Larrabee?
    • Assess the need for a change in practice
    • Locate the best evidence
    • Critically analyze the edvidence
    • Design practice change
    • Implement and evaluate the change
    • Integrate and maintain change in practice
  8. Name the Benner's Stages of Nursing Expertise in order.
    • Novice
    • Advanced Beginner
    • Competent
    • Proficient
    • Expert
  9. Which Stage of Benner's:
    No experience. Performance is limited, inflexable, and goeverned by context-free rules and regulations reather than experience.
    Stage I: Novice
  10. Which Stage of Benner's:
    Demonstrates marginally acceptable performance. Recognizes the meaningful "aspects" of a real situation. Has experienced enough real situations to make judgements about them.
    Stage II: Advanced Beginner
  11. Which Stage of Benner's:
    Has 2 or 3 years of experience. Demonstrates organizational and planning abilities, Diferentiates important factors from less important aspects of care.Coordinates mulitple complex demands.
    Stage III: Competent
  12. Which Stage of Benner's:
    Has 3 to 5 years of experience. Perceives situations as wholes rather than in terms of parts, as in stage II. Uses maxims as guides for what to concider in a situation. Has holistic understanding of the client, which improves decision making. Focuses on long-term goals.
    Stage IV: Proficient
  13. Which Stage of Benner's:
    Performance is fluid, flexable, and highly proficient; no longer requires rules, guidelines, or maxims to connect an understanding of the situation to appropriate action. Demonstrates hoghly skilled intuitive and analytic ability in new situations. Is inclined to take a certain action because "it felt right".
    Satge V: Expert

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